Welcome to the Penny Road LMC Tutorial for Finding Books! The KEY = The Call Number The Call Number = The spine label on the book Example: Panda Bears by John Larson Call Number Title: Panda Bears Author: John Lar son Call Number = Dewey classification number First 3 letters of the author’s last name. 599 Lar
Do all call numbers have numerals ? No, some have only letters. Examples: E.A.S.Y. Section Fiction Section Story Collection Biography E Seu F Osb SC Dis B Lin
Why the name “call numbers”? We’re not calling anybody! <ul><li>Long ago there </li></ul><ul><li>were fewer </li></ul><ul><li>libraries, </li></ul><ul><li>sometimes with </li></ul><ul><li>smaller collections </li></ul><ul><li>of books. </li></ul><ul><li>Visitors were not </li></ul><ul><li>allowed to go into </li></ul><ul><li>the book shelf area </li></ul><ul><li>to pull a book off </li></ul><ul><li>the shelf. </li></ul>Instead, a library visitor had to look in a card catalog and write down the call number to give to a library worker. That person would go find the book in the closed book area and bring it out to the visitor. The visitor had “called” for the book by writing down the call number for a library worker to go find the book. In certain libraries, this is how it is done even now. At Penny Road you write down the call number and find the book yourself. But if you have any trouble, be sure to ask for help!
Why do we need call numbers? Answer: To sort the books. Think of the grocery store. . . The grocery store has the same kind of thing in one place. For example, the milk is with the dairy foods, and carrots are with vegetables. Wouldn’t it be silly to see carrots for sale in the dairy case! In the library, the same kind of books are together. For example, all the Magic Tree House books are in the Fiction Section, under Osb , the first 3 letters of the author’s last name. All Dr. Seuss books are in the Seu part of the E.A.S.Y. Section. The books are classified so that all of the same kind are together!
What does classified mean? How are books classified ? <ul><li>Classified means librarians looked at the book and decided how to sort it—where to put it on the library shelves. </li></ul><ul><li>A library book is classified by the kind of book it is , what it is about. </li></ul><ul><li>There are only TWO (2) main kinds of books: </li></ul><ul><li>Fiction and Nonfiction </li></ul><ul><li>Then, there are different kinds of fiction and nonfiction. </li></ul>Fiction --means F alse, not true F or FIC -- Regular F iction, imagined stories, mostly words E -- “ E veryone A lways S ays Y es to Books” -- mostly pictures SC – S tory C ollection – several stories in one book, by one author or by different authors Nonfiction --means true, Not Fiction B -- B iography, the true story of a person’s life R or REF – Books used for R eference, in a special nonfiction area 000-999 -- Nonfiction books sorted by the Dewey Decimal System of Classification
What are the letters on the bottom line of the call number? Remember: The last line on each spine label—call number—is usually the first three letters of the author’s last name. Fiction Arranged in A-B-C order by the first three letters of the author’s last name. Nonfiction Arranged in number order. If the numbers are the same, use the first three letters of the author’s last name. **Exception: For Biography, use the last name of the person written about in the book. F Gif F Gre comes before 599.73 Tay 599.8 Ath comes before 599.8 Ath 599.8 Mar comes before
Biography <ul><li>Biography is a special section in some libraries, </li></ul><ul><li>in the B section. </li></ul><ul><li>Some libraries (not Penny Road) use the Dewey number 920 for collective biography (one book about more than one person) and 921 for individual biographies. </li></ul><ul><li>Either way, the bottom line is the first letters of the famous person, NOT the author. </li></ul>B Was PB B Ash B Lin PB B Mon Paperback Biography about Arthur Ash e Biography about Abraham Lin coln Paperback about Claude Mon et Biography about George Was hington
What is the Dewey Decimal System? In 1876 a college librarian named Melvil Dewey came up with a way of sorting library books into ten main kinds of books. Then, under each major kind (or class), there are ten other divisions, then ten sudivisions under each division, and so on. <ul><li>The Ten Major Classes of the Dewey Decimal System </li></ul><ul><li>000 – 099 General Works </li></ul><ul><li>100 – 199 Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>200 – 299 Religion </li></ul><ul><li>300 – 399 Social Science </li></ul><ul><li>400 – 499 Languages </li></ul><ul><li>500 – 599 Natural Science </li></ul><ul><li>600 – 699 Technical and Applied </li></ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><li>8. 700 – 799 Fine Arts and Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>800 – 899 Literature </li></ul><ul><li>900 – 999 History, Geography and </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biography </li></ul></ul></ul>
How do we find the call number? <ul><li>Use the Destiny library catalog program. </li></ul>On the Catalog screen, type what kind of book you want, or the title, or the author if you know.
The call number is listed right below the title. Example: PB 599.74 Sta From the list, click on the title of the book.
The call number is in a box to the left of the title.
PB 599.74 Sta What does the call number tell us? What does the PB mean? The book is paperback; it has a soft cover that bends easily. At Penny Road, paperback books have PB above the regular call number. PB are in the same section where they would be if they were hardback, usually on the top shelf of the section or at the start of the section. What is the 599.74? That is the Dewey number. It means this book is nonfiction. We need to look by the numbers in the last part of the 500 section. Remember what this is? Sta is the beginning of the author’s last name for this book. Nonfiction books are shelved by the number. If the numbers on several books are exactly the same, then we use A-B-C order by the last name of the author.
Other special Letters in the Call Number NC -- North Carolina 320.8 section Whi PROF -- Professional Library 372.1 Cha PRC -- Parent Resource 320.8 Center Whi Just here at Penny Road! Other puzzling letters and/or numbers? Ask for help! VTA -- Videotape 808.88 Rea MAP -- Map, 917.3 laminated Nat PIC -- Picture, 598.2 laminated Bir VF -- Vertical 612 File Sch Sections just for parents and teachers