Bone Fractures


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Bone Fractures

  1. 1. BONE FRACTURES<br />By: Evelyn Mendez<br />Bio 120 <br />February 2010<br />
  2. 2. Green stick fracture<br />The name is by analogy with green wood which similarity breaks another outside when bent.<br />It is a fracture in a young soft bone in which the bone bends partially breaks.<br />Occurs almost exclusively during infancy or childhood when bones are soft.<br />
  3. 3. There are three basic forms of green stick:<br />The first transverse fracture occurs in the cortex<br />Second form is a buckling fracture caused by impaction.<br />The third is a bow fraction in which the bone becomes curved a long its longitudinal axis.<br />
  4. 4. Treatment for green stick fracture:<br />Closed reduction and cast application which work in concert to straighten the characteristics of the bone angulation at the fracture site.<br />
  5. 5. Healing time for green stick:<br />Children’s bones tend to heal faster than adult’s so the cast may be removed or replaced with smaller cast in 3-4 weeks.<br />
  6. 6. Transverse fracture<br />A fracture in which the brake is across the bone at the right angle to the long axis of the bone (the bone is separated in two pieces)<br />Occurs from a direct blow(imagine a karate chop directly across the arm)<br />It can also occur when people do things repetitively (like running)<br />
  7. 7. Treatment for transverse fracture:<br />Could involve either an open or closed reduction before the area is given a cast (when is possible).<br />Doctors must surgically put the bone back together.<br />May employ so that the bone stay in one place and heal completely:<br />Metal pins<br />Plates<br />screws<br />
  8. 8. Healing time for transverse fracture:<br />Time may vary<br />Is not uncommon to require several months of recuperation before the bone is completely knit itself back together.<br />
  9. 9. Compound fracture<br />A fracture in which the bone is sticking trough the skin. <br />Also called open fracture<br />Usually caused due to the high impact injuries such as:<br />Sports<br />Heavy falls<br />Car crashes<br />
  10. 10. Treatment for compound fractures:<br />Usually an operation is required to quickly cleanse the area & regulating the bone<br />Administration of antibiotics to prevent infection due to the exposure of the bone to bacteria<br />If infection does appear, is difficult to heal<br />
  11. 11. Healing tieme:<br />Usually it takes longer to heal due to severity<br />About 6 weeks for adult and earlier in children<br />It varies according to severity of fracture:<br />Severity<br />Age<br />Health<br />
  12. 12. The end<br />