International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 1 de 5Área: English Asignatura: English Curso: 8thFecha: 11 al 17-02 Periodo: I Nº Hor: 12hr Semana: 4Tema: PresentPerfectContinuousIndicador Students will be able to use the present perfect continuous.de Logro Exploración to use the present perfect continuous Contextualización Conceptualización Present Perfect Continuous: Some people think the present perfect continuous is difficult to use, but really its not very complicated, and it sounds very impressive when you use it correctly. There are two main times we use this tense. Remember we cant use it withstative verbs. 1: To say how long for unfinished actions which started in the past and continue to the present. We often use this with for and since. I’ve been living in London for two years. Shes been working here since 2004. Weve been waiting for the bus for hours. 2: Actions which have just stopped (though the whole action can be unfinished) and have a result, which we can often see, hear, or feel, in the present (focus on action).EMOCIÓN I’m so tired, I’ve been studying. Ive been running, so Im really hot.
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 2 de 5 Its been raining, the pavement is wet. Ive been reading your book, its very good. Producción Present Perfect Continuous How good are you at the Present Perfect Continuous tense? Its not a very common tense, and often its not taught in classes, but we do use it sometimes and its very good to know how to make it, and to recognise it when other people use it. Luckily, its very easy to make. Heres the positive (its the present perfect of be + verb -ing): Positive Positive Short Form I have been walking Ive been walking you have been running youve been running he has been cooking hes been cooking she has been swimming shes been swimming it has been raining its been raining we have been studying weve been studying they have been sleeping theyve been sleeping To make the negative, just add not: Negative Negative Short Form I have not been walking I havent been walking you have not been running youhavent been running he has not been cooking he hasnt been cooking she has not been swimming shehasnt been swimming it has not been raining ithasnt been rainingACCIÓN we have not been studying wehavent been studying they have not been sleeping they havent been sleeping
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 3 de 5Try making the positive and negative forms hereCan you guess how to make the question form of the present perfect continuous? Its not very difficult -just put have or has before the subject: Yes / No Questions have I been walking? have you been running? has he been cooking? has she been swimming? has it been raining? have we been studying? have they been sleeping?For wh questions put the question word first: Yes / No Questions what have I been doing? where have you been running? what has he been studying? why has she been working today? how long has it been raining? how long have we been watching this film? how long have they been living here?ModelaciónThe present perfect progressive tenseIt has severaldifferent uses. One is very similar to a common useof the "normal" present perfect tense: showing anaction that began in the past and that is stillcontinuingnow. When the present perfect progressive is usedin this way, the emphasis is on
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 4 de 5the length of thecontinuing activity. In addition, use of the presentperfect progressive often suggeststhat the actionhas continued with no interruption from its beginninguntil the present.For this use of the present perfect progressive, the"timewords" for and since are very commonly used:Joe has been studying at State Universitysince September.The baby has been crying for a long time.Whats wrong?Ive been driving since daybreak. Ill have tostop soon, I think.Other "time words" are also commonly used withpresent perfect progressive--in particular, all + aperiodof time:Its been snowing all day. When willit stop?Shes been studying all morning. Im sureshell take a break soon.Ive been thinking about Bob all week.I really miss him!Weve been trying to reach Sara all afternoon.Where could she be?To add even more emphasis to the idea that the actionhas been uninterrupted, the set phrase theentire ____is sometimes used:Its been snowing the entire day and theresno end in sight.Shes been studying the entire morning. Shellhave a headache if she doesnt take a break soon.Ive been thinking about Bob the entire week.I hope everythings OK with him.Weve been trying to reach Sara the entireafternoon. Are you sure shes at home?VAUAONCELTallerI
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 5 de 5BibliografíaI. Understanding and using grammar (1999). Third edition. Betty SchrampferAzar.II. The big picture (2011). Santillana Education. S.L Richmond Publishing.III. Top Notch (2011). Second Edition, Student book. Pearson Education, Inc.