Formato plano 6th week4


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Formato plano 6th week4

  1. 1. International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 1 de 6Área: English Asignatura: English Curso: 6thFecha: 11 al 17-02 Periodo: I Nº Hor: 12hr Semana: 4Tema: Kinds of Sentences. Subjects & Predicates.Compound Subjects & Predicates.Simple & Compound SentencesIndicador Students will be able to identify the subject and predicate in a simple orde Logro compound sentences. Exploración Identify the subject and predicate in a simple or compound sentences. Contextualización Every complete sentence contains two parts: a subject and a predicate. The subject is what (or whom) the sentence is about, while the predicate tells something about the subject. In the following sentences, the predicate is enclosed in braces ({}), while the subject is highlighted. Judy {runs}. Judy and her dog {run on the beach every morning}. To determine the subject of a sentence, first isolate the verb and then make a question by placing "who?" or "what?" before it -- the answer is the subject. The audience littered the theatre floor with torn wrappings and spilled popcorn. The verb in the above sentence is "littered." Who or what littered? The audience did. "The audience" is the subject of the sentence. The predicate (which always includes the verb) goes on to relate something about the subject: what about the audience? It "littered the theatre floor with torn wrappings and spilled popcorn." Conceptualización Subject and Predicate The most familiar grammatical function is the SUBJECT. In notional terms, we can think of the Subject as the element which performs theEMOCIÓN "action" denoted by the verb: [1] David plays the piano
  2. 2. International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 2 de 6[2] The police interviewed all the witnessesIn [1], the Subject David performs the action of playing the piano. In[2], the Subject the police performs the action of interviewing all thewitnesses. In these terms, this means that we can identify the Subjectby asking a wh-question:[1] David plays the pianoQ. Who plays the piano?A. David ( = Subject)[2] The police interviewed all the witnessesQ. Who interviewed all the witnesses?A. The police (= Subject)Having identified the Subject, we can see that the remainder of thesentence tells us what the Subject does or did. In [1], forexample, plays the piano tells us what David does. We refer to thisstring as the PREDICATE of the sentence. In [2], the Predicateis interviewed all the witnesses.Here are some more examples of sentences labelled for Subject andPredicate. Subject Predicate Thelion roared He writeswell She enjoys going to the cinema The girl in the blue dress arrived lateIn each of these examples, the Subject performs the action describedin the Predicate. Weve seen, however, that there are problems indefining verbs as "action" words, and for the same reasons, there areproblems in defining the Subject as the "performer" of the action. TheSubject inJohn seems unhappy is John, but we would hardly say he isperforming an action.TYPES OF SENTENCES
  3. 3. International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 3 de 6 A simple sentence consists of an independent clause, so it contains a subject and a verb. It does NOT contain either a dependent clause or another simple sentence. Examples of simple sentences – short simple sentence: The dog barked. long simple sentence: Leaning first this way and then that, the large tan dog with a wide black collar barked loudly at the full moon last night from under the lilac bush in the shadow of the north side of the house. The simple sentence may have a compound subject: The dog and the cat howled. It may have a compound verb: The dog howled and barked. It may have a compound subject and a compound verb: The dog and the cat howled and yowled, respectively. A compound sentence consists of two or more simple sentences joined by (1) a comma followed by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so): The dog barked, and the cat yowled. (2) a semicolon: The dog barked; the cat yowled. (3) a comma, but ONLY when the simple sentences are being treated as items in a series: The dog barked, the cat yowled, and the rabbit chewed.ÓACCNProducciónI
  4. 4. International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 4 de 6 Simple Sentence: a sentence that has only one clause. Compound Sentence: a sentence with two or more clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction. Complex Sentence: two or more clauses joined with a subordinating conjunction. Compound-Complex: three or more clauses joined by coordinating and subordinating conjunctions. Example: Momdid the dishes. Itis cold in the classroom | butitis hot in the hall S P (simple sentence) S P S P (Compound sentence) Modelación TallerEVALUACI 1. Identifying the Subject and Verb. Underline the verb in each of the following sentences. DrawON a circle around each subject. Watch out for modifiers.
  5. 5. International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 5 de 6Examples: Mary cautiously opened the door.She did not see anyone.1. Miss Williams is going to New York tomorrow.2. Your gloves are certainly dirty.3. Jo Annes question surprised me.4. I have never quite forgiven her.5. The Martins have played eighteen holes of golf today.6. The students had never finished their work so quickly before.7. Mrs. Black has always made her own clothes.8. The boys will ask the doctor for advice.9. After his long flight, Tom was very tired.10. The bridge was never completed.11. Aunt Helen has just arrived for a weeks visit.12. The old man carefully made his way down the busy street.13. The witness answered the questions simply and directly.14. Our team has never beaten yours.15. The members of our class have just elected officers.16. Sue has never visited the South.17. Mr. Gonzales often walks his dog in the evening.18. The children have been playing outside all day.19. Animal Farm is one of my favorite books.20. Aunt Marian will prepare Thanksgiving dinner for fourteen people. 1. Chose the correct sentence, if the sentence is simple, or Compound if it is compound. 1. We bought tickets to the hockey game. a. Simple b. Compound 2. We sat toward the center of the rink. a. Simple b. Compound 3. Hockey is a fast game and fans shriek with excitment. a. Simple b. Compound 4. Hockey players are careful but they still get hurt often. a. Simple b. Compound 5. The goalie on each team stays near the end of the rink. a. Simple b. Compound 6. Players obey the rules or they receive penalties.
  6. 6. International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 6 de 6 a. Simple b. Compound 7. Hockey is a popular sport in many countries around the world. a. Simple b. Compound 8. Hockey players move quickly or they miss a goal. a. Simple b. CompoundBibliografía I. Understanding and using grammar (1999). Third edition. Betty SchrampferAzar. II. The big picture (2011). Santillana Education. S.L Richmond Publishing.III. Top Notch (2011). Second Edition, Student book. Pearson Education, Inc.