International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 1 de 7Área: English Asignatura: English Curso: 11thFecha: 28 al 03-02 Periodo: I Nº Hor: 12hr Semana: 2Tema: Modal verbsIndicador Students will be able to use the modal verbs in indirect requestde Logro Exploración using the modal verbs Contextualización Conceptualización What are modal verbs? Modals (also called modal verbs, modal auxiliary verbs, modal auxiliaries) are special verbs which behave irregularly in English. They are different from normal verbs like "work, play, visit..." They areEMOCIÓN used to indicate modality. They give additional information about the function of the main verb that follows it. They have a great variety of communicative functions.
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 2 de 7 Producción ModalsVerbs 1) Can Use Examples ability to do sth. in the present (substitute form: I can speak English. to be able to) permission to do sth. in the present (substitute Can I go to the cinema? form: to be allowed to) request Can you wait a moment, please?ACCIÓN offer I can lend you my car till tomorrow. suggestion Can we visit Grandma at the weekend? possibility It can get very hot in Arizona.
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 3 de 72) couldUse Examplesability to do sth. in the past (substitute form: to I could speak English.be able to)permission to do sth. in the past (substitute form: I could go to the cinema.to be allowed to)politequestion * Could I go to the cinema, please?politerequest * Could you wait a moment, please?politeoffer * I could lend you my car till tomorrow.politesuggestion * Could we visit Grandma at the weekend?possibility * It could get very hot in Montana.3) mayUse Examplespossibility It may rain today.permission to do sth. in the present (substitute May I go to the cinema?form: to be allowed to)polite suggestion May I help you?4) mightUse Examplespossibility (less possible than may) * It might rain today.hesitant offer * Might I help you?5) mustUse Examplesforce, necessity I must go to the supermarket today.possibility You must be tired.advice, recommendation You must see the new film with Brad Pitt.6) mustnot/maynotUse Examples You mustnt work on dads computer.prohibition You may not work on dads computer.7) neednotUse Examples I neednt go to the supermarket, were going tonotnecessary the restaurant tonight.8) oughttoUse Examples
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 4 de 7advice You ought to drive carefully in bad weather. You ought to switch off the light when youobligation leave the room.9) shallinstead of will in the 1st person Use Examplessuggestion Shall I carry your bag?10) should Use Examplesadvice You should drive carefully in bad weather. You should switch off the light when you leaveobligation the room.11) will Use Exampleswish, request, demand, order (less polite than Will you please shut the door?would)prediction, assumption I think it will rain on Friday.promise I will stop smoking.spontaneousdecision Can somebody drive me to the station? - I will.habits Shes strange, shell sit for hours without talking.12) would Use Exampleswish, request (more polite than will) Would you shut the door, please?habits in thepast Sometimes he would bring me some flowers.* no pastforms - futureformsModelaciónModal verbs are special verbs which behave very differently from normal verbs. Here are someimportant differences:1. Modal verbs do not take "-s" in the third person.Examples:He can speak Chinese.She should be here by 9:00.2. You use "not" to make modal verbs negative, even in Simple Present and Simple Past.
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 5 de 7 Examples: He should not be late. They might not come to the party. 3. Many modal verbs cannot be used in the past tenses or the future tenses. Examples: He will can go with us. Not Correct She musted study very hard. Not Correct Common Modal Verbs Can Could May Might Must Ought to Shall Should Will Would Taller Choose the most appropriate answer to express the idea specified in parentheses. 1. You _____ go there with me. I can handle it, its not difficult. (Absence of necessity) a. may not b. must not c. dont have to d. had better not 2. _____ bring me a glass of cold water? (Request) a. Could you b. Cant you c. Would you mind d. Why dont you 3. I ____ give you a lift to the station. My car broke down yesterday. (Ability) a. must not b. should notEVALUACION c. may not d. cant 4. I dont know what to do. – You _____ your father for advice. (Suggestion) a. are able to ask
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 6 de 7 b. could ask c. must ask d. have to ask5. He didnt go to the park with us yesterday because he _____ write a report. (Necessity) a. should b. must c. had to d. could6. I left my bag here just five minutes ago. You _____ it! (Strong probability) a. may have seen b. must have seen c. were able to see d. could see7. You _____ the bills two weeks ago. (Advice) a. had better pay b. should pay c. ought to pay d. should have paid8. I dont know how to help you. Try asking Anton for help. He ____ be able to find a solution.(Possibility) a. must b. has to c. might d. will9. I _____ play tennis every day when I was younger. (Repeated action in the past) a. had to b. was able to c. used to d. could10. You want to call them now? Its already after midnight! They _____ . (Strong probability) a. must sleep b. should sleep c. may sleep d. must be sleepingBibliografía
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 7 de 7I. Understanding and using grammar (1999). Third edition. Betty SchrampferAzar.II. The big picture (2011). Santillana Education. S.L Richmond Publishing.III. Top Notch (2011). Second Edition, Student book. Pearson Education, Inc.