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South African open access policy - a comparative overview

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A paper presented at a Wits University research policy seminar. At the end of the day, the university signed the Berlin Declaration and announced that it would be adopting open access as a core component of its new research strategy.

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South African open access policy - a comparative overview

  1. 1. The policy context: South Africanand UK approaches to open access Open Access, Policy and Practice in Research SPARC Seminar, Wits University 9 November 2012
  2. 2. The context: aperfect storm? Attribution Some rights reserved by Brian R. Birke
  3. 3. Open Access policy in the mainstream Attribution Some rights reserved by James Cridland
  4. 4. ..a surge inglobal,regional andgovernmentpolicies …
  5. 5. At the heart of the storm – a battle over IP rights and enforcement
  6. 6. … a human rights approach …AttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by riac
  7. 7. This WILL impact on SouthAfrican researchers and their publishing patterns
  8. 8. Global OA developments
  9. 9. The message• There will be pressure for national and institutional OA policy• The ‘translational’ potential of research and its development impact will be on the agenda• More open Creative Commons licences are becoming the norm – CC-BY
  10. 10. South Africa – a story of policy incoherence
  11. 11. DHET journal article subsidy… Attribution Some rights reserved by Will Clayton
  12. 12. The Impact Factor excludes developing country research…AttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by emily_mas
  13. 13. World Research Publication - 2001 http://www.worldmapper.org 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan).
  14. 14. DHET – Green Paper on Post-School Education• OERs advocated• Government funded open textbooks• Openness in distance education• Will OA be part of the White Paper?• Need for ‘an overarching policy framework on IP and copyright in higher education’
  15. 15. Department of Science and Technology
  16. 16. The open data initiative seems to have stalled
  17. 17. DST – IPR in Publicly Funded Research ActAttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by zebble
  18. 18. UK Policy InitiativesAttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by daniel.d.slee
  19. 19. The green route and mandates…
  20. 20. 2010 -12 - The EC Open Aire…
  21. 21. ..a suddenwave …
  22. 22. http://www.researchinfonet.org/publish/finch/
  23. 23. The Finch Report …gold open accessAttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by ENOUGH Project
  24. 24. … the importance ofthe published article as the version of record…
  25. 25. Are international open accessjournals helping overcome themarginal status of developingcountry research?
  26. 26. … the cost of APCs remains a problem – and who is going to handle this?AttributionShare Alike Some rights reserved by 401(K) 2012
  27. 27. Funder mandates aim to change publishing behaviour….
  28. 28. How will this impact on Wits?
  29. 29. http://chet.org.za/indicators/interactive-graph.php?uid=56,62,66&aid=&iid=52&rid=165&gw=800
  30. 30. Our universities, in particular, should be directing their research focus to address the development and social needs of our communities. The impact of their researchshould be measured by how much difference itmakes to the needs of our communities, rather than by just how many international citations researchers receive in their publications.Blade Nzimande, SA Minster of Higher Education and Training, Women in Science Awards. 2010
  31. 31. The central messages ….
  32. 32. …investment in research communication and its infrastructure is essential…AttributionShare Alike Some rights reserved by 401(K) 2012
  33. 33. Some rights reserved by Irene2005Institution-wide structures are needed for research communication…
  34. 34. Licensing frameworks will be needed andinstitutional IP policies that include openlicensing
  35. 35. Repositories…
  36. 36. …beyond journal articles…http://www.flickr.com/photos/adactio/ CC attribution licence
  37. 37. The Finch Report…the infrastructure of subject and institutionalrepositories should be developed so that theyplay a valuable role complementary to formal publishing, particularly in providing access to research data and to grey literature, and in digital preservation
  38. 38. … moving beyond the impact factor with new journal models and altmetrics?
  39. 39. Will WB and FAO style initiatives, taken together with the Finchrecommendations on repositories, add traction to national policy development for development- focused research?
  40. 40. The Impact factorAttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by emily_mas
  41. 41. Do we want to advise our colleagues in the developing world to replicate a journalsystem that we think is on the way out? Or do we want to encourage them to adoptsomething that is far more current–that iscutting edge and is going to lead the way?Leslie Chan – Interview with Hassan Masum: Center for Global Health R&D Assessment
  42. 42. Eve GrayScholarly Communication in Africa Programme University of Cape TownCentre for Educational Technology IP Law and Policy Research Unit University of Cape Town http://www.gray-area.co.za Twitter: graysouth

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