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OA 2013: A broader world vision
for Open Access for
development
UNISA Open Scholarship Seminar
Open Access Week
23 October...
The beginning of Open Access, in Budapest in
2002…
The Budapest Open Access
Initiative
An old tradition and a new technology have
converged to make possible an unprecedented...
A good strong definition of OA…
By “open access” to this literature, we mean its free
availability on the public internet, permitting any users
to read, d...
Two models emerged – the ‘Green
route’ …
…leading to policies and mandates for
the deposit of journal pre-prints and
post-prints in institutional
repositories…
… or the ‘gold route’ of open
access journal publishing…

AttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved...
…which has had its successes in the
developing world…
Brazil with its SciELO platform is
now the second biggest producer
of OA journals in the world

Alperin et al., 2008, Open...
but less so in Africa…
…where technical platforms have been
promoted as the easy solution…
Is this a case of tunnel
vision?

http://www.flickr.com/photos/adactio/

CC attribution licence
We have tended to base our advocacy
for OA on the potential for increased
impact in ‘mainstream’ ‘international’
journals....
…a competitive
system in which the
rules are weighted
agains the
developing world…

Attribution Some rights reserved by Wi...
…like the Times Higher Education
university rankings …
… the real
problem has to
more to do
with
promotion and
reward
systems…

AttributionNo Derivative Works Some rights reserv...
..particularly our reliance on the ISI
Impact Factor…
Real impact?

AttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by emily_mas
So, one might ask, ten years later how much has really changed as a
result of OA?

Peter Murray Rust, #openaccess 10 years...
The outcome of our tunnel vision…
…at the same time as we seek
development impact for our research
production…
Something we have in fact delivered on for
a long time…
..and fail to deliver to our
government’s satisfaction…
Our universities, in particular, should be
directing their research focus to address the
development and social needs of o...
..or deliver to our university vision..
“Towards the African university in the service of humanity”
…although in South Africa we have
demonstrated the power of open
social science book publishing through
a science council…
…internationally, the born OA
journals are helping address
the marginal status of
developing country research…
…and the megajournals offer new
solutions to our capacity dilemmas
and link journal articles to wider
content and altmetri...
The principles…research must be
replicable, reusable, data must be
capable of being mined, relevant
research outputs must ...
Globally, things are changing…
We used to be a bunch of activists, planning the
flight path of Open Access …

iCommons 2008

Photo: Eve Gray 2008- CC-BY
…but now OA policy is in the
mainstream…
Attribution Some rights reserved by James Cridland
UNESCO
… a human rights
approach …

AttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by riac
EC Horizon 2020
…investment in open research and
open data…
...with a vision of the
power of regional
open networked
science…

Attribution Some rights reserved by Anthony_Joel
UK Policy Initiatives

AttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by daniel.d.slee
The Finch Committee goes for gold

http://www.researchinfonet.org/publish/finch/
.. provoking fierce arguments…
AttributionNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by Tambako the Jaguar
… for us, the cost of APCs remains
problem – and who is going to pay
for and handle this?

AttributionShare Alike Some rig...
…major funders and government
agencies insisting that publicly funded
research must be openly available…
…with availability not only to scholars
but to businesses and the broader
public…
… major international agencies link OA
policies to direct development
impact…
… and the latest adherent, a large
agricultural research co-operative …
…mandating the use of the most open
of the Creative Commons licences –
CC-BY…
…offering a treasure trove of policy
and data management guidelines…
New models emerging for scholarly
books, like Knowledge Unlatched …
The central messages…
…we have to take control of
research dissemination and pay fo
this…

AttributionShare Alike Some rights reserved by 401(K)...
… we need a wider range of quality
and impact measures
...the ‘three pillars’ of the university
research mission become a continuum
– OA, OERs and ‘community
engagement’…
Eve Gray
Scholarly Communication in Africa
Programme
University of Cape Town
Centre for Educational Technology
IP Law and ...
OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
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OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development

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A paper delivered at the UNISA Open Access Seminar, 23 October 2013.
The paper argues that in a developing world context, and particularly in Africa, the narrow focus of conventional OA arguments on journal articles and an emphasis on the impact factor has been counterproductive. A wider approach, incorporating transformative uses of scholarly outputs for policy development and teaching and learning would be more appropriate.

Published in: Education, Technology
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OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development

  1. 1. OA 2013: A broader world vision for Open Access for development UNISA Open Scholarship Seminar Open Access Week 23 October 2013 AttributionNoncommercialShare Alike Some rights reserved by Angry Asian Librarian
  2. 2. The beginning of Open Access, in Budapest in 2002…
  3. 3. The Budapest Open Access Initiative An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge. The new technology is the internet... Budapest Open Access Initiative
  4. 4. A good strong definition of OA…
  5. 5. By “open access” to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. (BOAI 2002)
  6. 6. Two models emerged – the ‘Green route’ …
  7. 7. …leading to policies and mandates for the deposit of journal pre-prints and post-prints in institutional repositories…
  8. 8. … or the ‘gold route’ of open access journal publishing… AttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by ENOUGH Project
  9. 9. …which has had its successes in the developing world…
  10. 10. Brazil with its SciELO platform is now the second biggest producer of OA journals in the world Alperin et al., 2008, Open access and scholarly publishing in Latin America: ten flavours and a few reflections revista.ibict.br/liinc/index.php/liinc/article/vie
  11. 11. but less so in Africa…
  12. 12. …where technical platforms have been promoted as the easy solution…
  13. 13. Is this a case of tunnel vision? http://www.flickr.com/photos/adactio/ CC attribution licence
  14. 14. We have tended to base our advocacy for OA on the potential for increased impact in ‘mainstream’ ‘international’ journals..
  15. 15. …a competitive system in which the rules are weighted agains the developing world… Attribution Some rights reserved by Will Clayton
  16. 16. …like the Times Higher Education university rankings …
  17. 17. … the real problem has to more to do with promotion and reward systems… AttributionNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by ayomide!
  18. 18. ..particularly our reliance on the ISI Impact Factor…
  19. 19. Real impact? AttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by emily_mas
  20. 20. So, one might ask, ten years later how much has really changed as a result of OA? Peter Murray Rust, #openaccess 10 years on; can we say “This is for everyone”? http://blogs.ch.cam.ac.uk/pmr/2013/10/
  21. 21. The outcome of our tunnel vision…
  22. 22. …at the same time as we seek development impact for our research production…
  23. 23. Something we have in fact delivered on for a long time…
  24. 24. ..and fail to deliver to our government’s satisfaction…
  25. 25. Our universities, in particular, should be directing their research focus to address the development and social needs of our communities. The impact of their research should be measured by how much difference it makes to the needs of our communities, rather than by just how many international citations researchers receive in their publications. Blade Nzimande, SA Minster of Higher Education and Training, Women in Science Awards. 2010
  26. 26. ..or deliver to our university vision..
  27. 27. “Towards the African university in the service of humanity”
  28. 28. …although in South Africa we have demonstrated the power of open social science book publishing through a science council…
  29. 29. …internationally, the born OA journals are helping address the marginal status of developing country research…
  30. 30. …and the megajournals offer new solutions to our capacity dilemmas and link journal articles to wider content and altmetrics..
  31. 31. The principles…research must be replicable, reusable, data must be capable of being mined, relevant research outputs must be linked to the core article…
  32. 32. Globally, things are changing…
  33. 33. We used to be a bunch of activists, planning the flight path of Open Access … iCommons 2008 Photo: Eve Gray 2008- CC-BY
  34. 34. …but now OA policy is in the mainstream…
  35. 35. Attribution Some rights reserved by James Cridland
  36. 36. UNESCO
  37. 37. … a human rights approach … AttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by riac
  38. 38. EC Horizon 2020
  39. 39. …investment in open research and open data…
  40. 40. ...with a vision of the power of regional open networked science… Attribution Some rights reserved by Anthony_Joel
  41. 41. UK Policy Initiatives AttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by daniel.d.slee
  42. 42. The Finch Committee goes for gold http://www.researchinfonet.org/publish/finch/
  43. 43. .. provoking fierce arguments…
  44. 44. AttributionNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by Tambako the Jaguar
  45. 45. … for us, the cost of APCs remains problem – and who is going to pay for and handle this? AttributionShare Alike Some rights reserved by 401(K) 2012
  46. 46. …major funders and government agencies insisting that publicly funded research must be openly available…
  47. 47. …with availability not only to scholars but to businesses and the broader public…
  48. 48. … major international agencies link OA policies to direct development impact…
  49. 49. … and the latest adherent, a large agricultural research co-operative …
  50. 50. …mandating the use of the most open of the Creative Commons licences – CC-BY…
  51. 51. …offering a treasure trove of policy and data management guidelines…
  52. 52. New models emerging for scholarly books, like Knowledge Unlatched …
  53. 53. The central messages…
  54. 54. …we have to take control of research dissemination and pay fo this… AttributionShare Alike Some rights reserved by 401(K) 2012
  55. 55. … we need a wider range of quality and impact measures
  56. 56. ...the ‘three pillars’ of the university research mission become a continuum – OA, OERs and ‘community engagement’…
  57. 57. Eve Gray Scholarly Communication in Africa Programme University of Cape Town Centre for Educational Technology IP Law and Policy Research Unit University of Cape Town http://www.gray-area.co.za Twitter: graysouth

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