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OA in Africa and the changing policy environment

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This presentation explores the potential impact on African scholarly communication of the recent spate of international policy initiatives.

OA in Africa and the changing policy environment

  1. 1. Open Access - The rapidly changing policy environment: Implications for publishers and universities Open Access Africa 2012 Cape Town
  2. 2. A perfect storm? Attribution Some rights reserved by Brian R. Birke
  3. 3. Open Access policy in the mainstream Attribution Some rights reserved by James Cridland
  4. 4. ..a surge inglobal, regional andgovernmentpolicies …
  5. 5. … a human rights approach …AttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by riac
  6. 6. At the heart of the storm – a battle over IP rights and the freedom of the internet
  7. 7. UNESCO – Open Access to scientific information…
  8. 8. The goal is policy change, with the strategic focus on developing countries, especially Africa…
  9. 9. UNESCO OA brochure
  10. 10. Capacity is a major and systemic issue ….
  11. 11. Technology infrastructure is not just about platformsAttribution Some rights reserved by eirikref
  12. 12. The Impact Factor excludes developing country research…AttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by emily_mas
  13. 13. SARUA: Baseline Study of Science and Technology Framework and Higher Education in theSADC Region
  14. 14. SARUA: Baseline Study of Science and Technology Framework and Higher Education in theSADC Region
  15. 15. African universities are essentially consumers of knowledge produced in developed countries. In essence what is being defined as ‘knowledge society means two different things to the developed world and the African continent. The former are the producers and the latter are the consumers…. Blade Nzimande, SA Minster of Higher Education andTraining, UNESCO World Conference on Higher Education 2010
  16. 16. The Finch Report in the UK – gold open access takes front of stage…
  17. 17. http://www.researchinfonet.org/publish/finch/
  18. 18. The central message ….
  19. 19. …investment in research communication and its infrastructure is essential…AttributionShare Alike Some rights reserved by 401(K) 2012
  20. 20. Protest! Share Alike Some rights reserved by leunix
  21. 21. The green route…
  22. 22. … or the goldAttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by ENOUGH Project
  23. 23. …the discussion is still largely about journals…http://www.flickr.com/photos/adactio/ CC attribution licence
  24. 24. …and theimportance of thepublished article as the version of record…
  25. 25. … the cost of APCs remains a problem – are waivers really the answer?AttributionShare Alike Some rights reserved by 401(K) 2012
  26. 26. Are international open accessjournals helping overcome themarginal status of developingcountry research?
  27. 27. … moving beyond the impact factor with new journal models and altmetrics?
  28. 28. For developing country publishing, are answers likely to be in regional collaboration?
  29. 29. SciELO and SciELO South Africa have been incorporated into the Web of ScienceAlperin et al., 2008, Open access and scholarlypublishing in Latin America: ten flavours and afew reflectionsrevista.ibict.br/liinc/index.php/liinc/article/vie
  30. 30. Funder mandates are beginning to change publishing behaviour….
  31. 31. But is this still a matter of access, or will it widen participation?
  32. 32. I think funding agencies need to rethinkhow they fund research. Rather than just requiring publication of the researchoutput, data gathering and sharing should be integral to the entire process.Leslie Chan – Interview with Hassan Masum: Center for Global Health R&D Assessment
  33. 33. New global policies beyond the journal article…
  34. 34. The Finch Report…the infrastructure of subject and institutionalrepositories should be developed so that theyplay a valuable role complementary to formal publishing, particularly in providing access to research data and to grey literature, and in digital preservation
  35. 35. Research for development
  36. 36. A lot of OA development-focused researchoutputs are in fact produced…
  37. 37. African universities seek two major goals – global prestige and competitiveness…AttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by Mennonite Church USA Archives
  38. 38. …and research contribution to national development. The biggest challenge is achieving excellence and relevance.Some rights reserved by mimaba
  39. 39. Will WB and FAO style initiatives, taken together with the Finchrecommendations on repositories, add traction to national policy development for development- focused research?
  40. 40. The Impact factorAttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by emily_mas
  41. 41. The implications in the developing world…
  42. 42. Our universities, in particular, should be directing their research focus to address the development and social needs of our communities. The impact of their researchshould be measured by how much difference itmakes to the needs of our communities, rather than by just how many international citations researchers receive in their publications.Blade Nzimande, SA Minster of Higher Education and Training, Women in Science Awards. 2010
  43. 43. Do we want to advise our colleagues in the developing world to replicate a journalsystem that we think is on the way out? Or do we want to encourage them to adoptsomething that is far more current–that iscutting edge and is going to lead the way?Leslie Chan – Interview with Hassan Masum: Center for Global Health R&D Assessment
  44. 44. The $64,000 question–sustainability in thedeveloping world AttributionNo Derivative Works Some righ
  45. 45. Eve GrayScholarly Communication in Africa Programme University of Cape Town http://www.gray-area.co.za Twitter: graysouth

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