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Copyleft - enclosing the commons  <ul><li>LIASA-FAIFE Workshop  </li></ul><ul><li>Bloemfontein  </li></ul><ul><li>29 Septe...
The aim - African knowledge, for Africa, from Africa, widely accessible...
... but this is not the case now...
http://www.worldmapper.org   © Copyright 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan...
Unequal global knowledge relations <ul><li>Africa produces around 3% of books published, but consumes around 12%. </li></u...
Science Research - articles published http://www.worldmapper.org   © Copyright 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) a...
... What we do have a lot of is poverty
http://www.worldmapper.org   © Copyright 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan...
Why are we not more effective in getting African knowledge to work for our own needs?
The context is a scarcity model...print books...
In the wake of the growth of the knowledge economy, post WWII...
Commercialisation of publishing....
... and massive media consolidation
 
 
... leading to profit-seeking companies as big as some   countries... The Top 200 corporations' combined sales are bigger ...
...seeking ever-stronger IP to ensure their control over content for maximum profits.. .
Developing countries pushed to the margins...
“ Over the last few decades, some things have not changed. There’s been no significant break in relations of knowledge pro...
 
Can Creative Commons licences  help?
<ul><li>Builds on collaboration and a tradition of collegiality Depends upon sharing rather than proprietorship, access ra...
Advantages of Open Access <ul><li>Substantial increase in reach and impact,  particularly for developing country publicati...
 
This approach has proved very effective in profiling HSRC research worldwide
Eve Gray  Centre for Educational Technology University of Cape Town  http://blogs.uct.ac.za/blog/gray-area   Eve Gray  Cen...
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Creative Commons Workshop for FAIFE, Bloemfontein 2009:

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A presentation on Creative Commons licences for a workshop of the Committee on Free Access to Information and Freedom of Expression (FAIFE) at the annual conference of the Library Association of South Africa (LIASA), September 2009.

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Creative Commons Workshop for FAIFE, Bloemfontein 2009:

  1. 1. Copyleft - enclosing the commons <ul><li>LIASA-FAIFE Workshop </li></ul><ul><li>Bloemfontein </li></ul><ul><li>29 September 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Eve Gray </li></ul>
  2. 2. The aim - African knowledge, for Africa, from Africa, widely accessible...
  3. 3. ... but this is not the case now...
  4. 4. http://www.worldmapper.org © Copyright 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan). http://www.worldmapper.org © Copyright 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan). Books published
  5. 5. Unequal global knowledge relations <ul><li>Africa produces around 3% of books published, but consumes around 12%. </li></ul><ul><li>Africa produced 0.4% of online content in 2002 – if South Africa is excluded, 0.02%. </li></ul><ul><li>Does this really mean that African research has nothing to say? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Science Research - articles published http://www.worldmapper.org © Copyright 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan).
  7. 7. ... What we do have a lot of is poverty
  8. 8. http://www.worldmapper.org © Copyright 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan). Human poverty
  9. 9. Why are we not more effective in getting African knowledge to work for our own needs?
  10. 10. The context is a scarcity model...print books...
  11. 11. In the wake of the growth of the knowledge economy, post WWII...
  12. 12. Commercialisation of publishing....
  13. 13. ... and massive media consolidation
  14. 16. ... leading to profit-seeking companies as big as some countries... The Top 200 corporations' combined sales are bigger than the combined economies of all countries minus the biggest 10. http://www.globalissues.org/article/59/corporate-power-facts-and-stats
  15. 17. ...seeking ever-stronger IP to ensure their control over content for maximum profits.. .
  16. 18. Developing countries pushed to the margins...
  17. 19. “ Over the last few decades, some things have not changed. There’s been no significant break in relations of knowledge production between the colonial and post-colonial eras. African universities are essentially consumers of knowledge produced in developed countries.” “ Over the last few decades, some things have not changed. There’s been no significant break in relations of knowledge production between the colonial and post-colonial eras. African universities are essentially consumers of knowledge produced in developed countries.” Blade Nzimande, UNESCO World Conference on Higher Education 2009
  18. 21. Can Creative Commons licences help?
  19. 22. <ul><li>Builds on collaboration and a tradition of collegiality Depends upon sharing rather than proprietorship, access rather than protection Efficiencies and economies of collaborative development Networked rather than hierarchical structures </li></ul><ul><li>Networked rather than hierarchical structures </li></ul>The ethos of OA
  20. 23. Advantages of Open Access <ul><li>Substantial increase in reach and impact, particularly for developing country publications </li></ul><ul><li>Openness decreases the risk of duplication, removal of competition makes science less wasteful </li></ul><ul><li>Science made faster, speeds up the solution of urgent development needs </li></ul><ul><li>Wider reach of research, better returns for research investment </li></ul><ul><li>Better monitoring, assessment and management of research </li></ul>
  21. 25. This approach has proved very effective in profiling HSRC research worldwide
  22. 26. Eve Gray Centre for Educational Technology University of Cape Town http://blogs.uct.ac.za/blog/gray-area Eve Gray Centre for Educational Technology University of Cape Town http://blogs.uct.ac.za/blog/gray-area

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