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Dealing in Disruption
Contextualizing Policy Developments for
Open Knowledge in South Africa
National Library – Ex Libris ...
How do we orient ourselves?
We live on a huge continent
but have a tiny share of scientific
output
Science Research - 2001
http://www.worldmapper.org
2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University o...
Geographically?
The nearest landfall?
Where are we?
Photo Turismo Bahia CC-BY-SA
Brazil with its SciELO platform is
now the second biggest producer
of OA journals in the world
Alperin et al., 2008, Open ...
With support from the Department of
Science and Technology, the Academy
of Science runs an open access journal
platform, S...
Who were our traditional trading
partners?
Photo – SA Tourism
A long trade history between gold-
producing S and E African
communities, Arabia and India
Ghandi’s printing press on Tolstoy Farm
near Durban reached across continents..
AttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by daniel.d.slee
Colonial history and
neo-colonial heritage?
Politically?
..more rigid IP regimes and the neo-
colonial prohibition against parallel
importation, plus USPTO Special 301
reports tar...
The liberation struggle was driven
substantially by student movements,
was reliant on protest publishing,
music and art…
By Paul Weinberg (direct donation to Wikimedia Commons from Author) [CC BY-SA 3.0
Post-apartheid, two strands of policy –
liberation rhetoric, Afrocentric, public
benefit…
Dan Brown CC2.0
And neo-liberal policy driven by the
Mineral-Energy Complex, which the
ANC accommodated, resulting in an
economistic appro...
…as the Minister of Higher Education
and Training confirms
The results were perverse…
We have tended to base our scholarly
publishing policy on the potential for
increased impact in ‘mainstream’
‘internationa...
Attribution Some rights reserved by Will Clayton
…a competitive
system in which the
rules are weighted
agains the
developi...
… the real
problem has
to do with
promotion
and reward
systems…
AttributionNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by ayo...
..particularly our reliance on the ISI
Impact Factor…
… and the sums of money paid from
government to universities for
publication in ‘accredited’
publications..
AttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by emily_mas
Real impact?
…a system in which ‘mainstream’
(i.e publishable in the index)
=
‘relevant to the English-speaking
global North’
Guédon, J...
… the other two-thirds of the world is
‘local’.
No known copyright restrictions
http://www.flickr.com/photos/adactio/ CC attribution licence
Is this a case of fatal
tunnel vision?
…or
is OA providing a solution?
The beginning of Open Access, in Budapest in
2002…
…OA policy has moved steadily into
the mainstream…
Attribution Some rights reserved by James Cridland
…was taken up slowly in South Africa,
but was seen as an answer..
...with a vision of the
power of regional
open networked
science…
Attribution Some rights reserved by Anthony_Joel
… and a human rights
approach more
appropriate to our
constitution…
AttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some right...
Our universities, in particular, should be
directing their research focus to address the
development and social needs of o...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/adactio/ CC attribution licence
Is this STILL a case of
tunnel vision?
…we offer technical platforms as the
solution but the scaffolding is lacking
.. In a situation in which we need to
pay attention to digital librarian skills,
the availability of technical skills and
...
… in institutions hammered by successive
policy changes…
AttributionNoncommercialShare Alike Some rights reserved by Peter...
…including two decades of World Bank
and IMF denigration of the value of
higher education as a driver of
economic growth a...
In the UK in particular, OA has become
a spat between the green..
The green route…
and the gold…
AttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by ENOUGH Project
… or the ‘gold route’ of open
access jo...
AttributionNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by Tambako the Jaguar
In SA the SciELO approach of publicly
funded and resourced platforms has
paid dividends…
SciELO and SciELO South Africa
have been incorporated into the
Web of Science
Alperin et al., 2008, Open access and schola...
… but there is
a problem…
AttributionNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by ayomide!
Formal publishing
is only the tip of
the iceberg -
Attribution Some rights reserved by natalielucier
…at the same time as we seek
development impact for our research
production…
Michelle Willmers: Willmers_Altmetricsimpact_2012-1.pdf
Something we have in fact delivered on for
a long time…
.. through high quality, rigorous,
development-focused research units
not properly recognised in the
research reward syste...
…although in South Africa we have
demonstrated the power of open
social science book publishing through
the Human Science ...
…whose books were downloaded in
their hundreds every month, were
used as educational resources, and
were downloaded in eve...
… this has now been undone by an
adminstration that thinks tht
scholarly publishing makes money
in Africa…
AttributionShar...
The development of Open Education
Resources is now being supported by
government in Open and Distance
Learning
The answer from Open UCT was ‘Open
Everything’…
… which might also provide
answers to the chronic problems of
cross-border trade in books and
publications…
Eve Gray
Senior Research Associate
IP Law Unit
University of Cape Town
Blog: www.gray-area.co.za
Twitter: graysouth
Readings
Seeking Impact and Visbility: Scholarly Communication in Southern
Africa http://open.uct.ac.za/handle/11427/2310
...
Contextualizing  Policy Developments in Open  Knowledge in South Africa
Contextualizing  Policy Developments in Open  Knowledge in South Africa
Contextualizing  Policy Developments in Open  Knowledge in South Africa
Contextualizing  Policy Developments in Open  Knowledge in South Africa
Contextualizing  Policy Developments in Open  Knowledge in South Africa
Contextualizing  Policy Developments in Open  Knowledge in South Africa
Contextualizing  Policy Developments in Open  Knowledge in South Africa
Contextualizing  Policy Developments in Open  Knowledge in South Africa
Contextualizing  Policy Developments in Open  Knowledge in South Africa
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Contextualizing Policy Developments in Open Knowledge in South Africa

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A Keynote Speech presented at the Ex Libris National Libraries Workshop held during the 2015 IFLA World Information ans Library Congress in Cape Town

Published in: Education

Contextualizing Policy Developments in Open Knowledge in South Africa

  1. 1. Dealing in Disruption Contextualizing Policy Developments for Open Knowledge in South Africa National Library – Ex Libris Annual Meeting 19 August 2015 Cape Town Contextualizing Policy Developments in Open Knowledge in South Africa Photo: Michael Horwitz- CC-BY-NC
  2. 2. How do we orient ourselves?
  3. 3. We live on a huge continent
  4. 4. but have a tiny share of scientific output
  5. 5. Science Research - 2001 http://www.worldmapper.org 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan).
  6. 6. Geographically? The nearest landfall?
  7. 7. Where are we? Photo Turismo Bahia CC-BY-SA
  8. 8. Brazil with its SciELO platform is now the second biggest producer of OA journals in the world Alperin et al., 2008, Open access and scholarly publishing in Latin America: ten flavours and a few reflections revista.ibict.br/liinc/index.php/liinc/article/vie
  9. 9. With support from the Department of Science and Technology, the Academy of Science runs an open access journal platform, Scielo South Africa
  10. 10. Who were our traditional trading partners?
  11. 11. Photo – SA Tourism
  12. 12. A long trade history between gold- producing S and E African communities, Arabia and India
  13. 13. Ghandi’s printing press on Tolstoy Farm near Durban reached across continents..
  14. 14. AttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by daniel.d.slee Colonial history and neo-colonial heritage? Politically?
  15. 15. ..more rigid IP regimes and the neo- colonial prohibition against parallel importation, plus USPTO Special 301 reports targeting India have kept SA’s gaze firmly North…
  16. 16. The liberation struggle was driven substantially by student movements, was reliant on protest publishing, music and art…
  17. 17. By Paul Weinberg (direct donation to Wikimedia Commons from Author) [CC BY-SA 3.0
  18. 18. Post-apartheid, two strands of policy – liberation rhetoric, Afrocentric, public benefit…
  19. 19. Dan Brown CC2.0
  20. 20. And neo-liberal policy driven by the Mineral-Energy Complex, which the ANC accommodated, resulting in an economistic approach to publication and a market approach to research impact…
  21. 21. …as the Minister of Higher Education and Training confirms
  22. 22. The results were perverse…
  23. 23. We have tended to base our scholarly publishing policy on the potential for increased impact in ‘mainstream’ ‘international’ journals..
  24. 24. Attribution Some rights reserved by Will Clayton …a competitive system in which the rules are weighted agains the developing world…
  25. 25. … the real problem has to do with promotion and reward systems… AttributionNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by ayomide!
  26. 26. ..particularly our reliance on the ISI Impact Factor…
  27. 27. … and the sums of money paid from government to universities for publication in ‘accredited’ publications..
  28. 28. AttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by emily_mas Real impact?
  29. 29. …a system in which ‘mainstream’ (i.e publishable in the index) = ‘relevant to the English-speaking global North’ Guédon, J. Open Access and the divide between “mainstream” and “peripheral” science, 2008. In Como gerir e qualificar revistas científicas (forthcoming , in Portuguese). (In Press) [Book Chapter].
  30. 30. … the other two-thirds of the world is ‘local’. No known copyright restrictions
  31. 31. http://www.flickr.com/photos/adactio/ CC attribution licence Is this a case of fatal tunnel vision?
  32. 32. …or is OA providing a solution?
  33. 33. The beginning of Open Access, in Budapest in 2002…
  34. 34. …OA policy has moved steadily into the mainstream…
  35. 35. Attribution Some rights reserved by James Cridland
  36. 36. …was taken up slowly in South Africa, but was seen as an answer..
  37. 37. ...with a vision of the power of regional open networked science… Attribution Some rights reserved by Anthony_Joel
  38. 38. … and a human rights approach more appropriate to our constitution… AttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by riac
  39. 39. Our universities, in particular, should be directing their research focus to address the development and social needs of our communities. The impact of their research should be measured by how much difference it makes to the needs of our communities, rather than by just how many international citations researchers receive in their publications. Blade Nzimande, SA Minster of Higher Education and Training, Women in Science Awards. 2010
  40. 40. http://www.flickr.com/photos/adactio/ CC attribution licence Is this STILL a case of tunnel vision?
  41. 41. …we offer technical platforms as the solution but the scaffolding is lacking
  42. 42. .. In a situation in which we need to pay attention to digital librarian skills, the availability of technical skills and infrastructure..
  43. 43. … in institutions hammered by successive policy changes… AttributionNoncommercialShare Alike Some rights reserved by Peter Curbishley
  44. 44. …including two decades of World Bank and IMF denigration of the value of higher education as a driver of economic growth and social development
  45. 45. In the UK in particular, OA has become a spat between the green..
  46. 46. The green route…
  47. 47. and the gold…
  48. 48. AttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by ENOUGH Project … or the ‘gold route’ of open access journal publishing…
  49. 49. AttributionNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by Tambako the Jaguar
  50. 50. In SA the SciELO approach of publicly funded and resourced platforms has paid dividends…
  51. 51. SciELO and SciELO South Africa have been incorporated into the Web of Science Alperin et al., 2008, Open access and scholarly publishing in Latin America: ten flavours and a few reflections revista.ibict.br/liinc/index.php/liinc/article/vie
  52. 52. … but there is a problem… AttributionNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by ayomide!
  53. 53. Formal publishing is only the tip of the iceberg - Attribution Some rights reserved by natalielucier
  54. 54. …at the same time as we seek development impact for our research production…
  55. 55. Michelle Willmers: Willmers_Altmetricsimpact_2012-1.pdf
  56. 56. Something we have in fact delivered on for a long time…
  57. 57. .. through high quality, rigorous, development-focused research units not properly recognised in the research reward systems…
  58. 58. …although in South Africa we have demonstrated the power of open social science book publishing through the Human Science Research Council…
  59. 59. …whose books were downloaded in their hundreds every month, were used as educational resources, and were downloaded in every country in the world, except Greenland
  60. 60. … this has now been undone by an adminstration that thinks tht scholarly publishing makes money in Africa… AttributionShare Alike Some rights reserved by 401(K) 2012
  61. 61. The development of Open Education Resources is now being supported by government in Open and Distance Learning
  62. 62. The answer from Open UCT was ‘Open Everything’…
  63. 63. … which might also provide answers to the chronic problems of cross-border trade in books and publications…
  64. 64. Eve Gray Senior Research Associate IP Law Unit University of Cape Town Blog: www.gray-area.co.za Twitter: graysouth
  65. 65. Readings Seeking Impact and Visbility: Scholarly Communication in Southern Africa http://open.uct.ac.za/handle/11427/2310 The full list of SCAP reports can be found on Open UCT: open.uct.ac.za and search on scap. SciELO South Africa: www.scielo.org.za Guédon, J. Open Access and the divide between “mainstream” and “peripheral” science, 2008. In Como gerir e qualificar revistas científicas [Book Chapter]. Links The True Size of Africa: http://static02.mediaite.com/geekosystem/uploads/2010/10/true- size-of-africa.jpg; http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2010/11/cartography

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