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Chpt. 17.3- Domains and Kingdoms


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Chpt. 17.3- Domains and Kingdoms

  1. 1. Changing Number of KingdomsChapter 17.3- Domains and Kingdoms
  2. 2. Kingdoms and Domains: Scientists debate how many kingdoms there are.The three-domain system Bacteria Archaea EukaryaThe six-kingdom system Bacteria Archaea Protista Plantae Fungi AnimaliaThe traditional five-kingdom system Monera Protista Plantae Fungi Animalia BioEd Online
  3. 3. Domains There are 3 Domains Bacteria- cells contain cell walls with Peptidoglycan (polymer that has 2 kings of sugar). Archaea- cells contain cell walls without Peptidoglycan. Eukarya- contains Eukaryotic cells. Contains the Kingdoms Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia
  4. 4. Kingdom Bacteria• Unicellular and prokaryotic
  5. 5. Kingdom Archaea• Unicellular and Prokaryotic• Live in some of the most extreme environments you can imagine
  6. 6. Kingdom ProtistaEukaryotic organisms that can beunicellular or multicellular. Has no organs.Ex: plant like protist = algaeEx: animal like protist = protozoansEx: fungus like protist = molds & mildews
  7. 7. Kingdom FungiUnicellular or Multicellular Eukaryotes thatabsorbs nutrients (heterotrophs).Contains chitinEx: Mushrooms
  8. 8. Kingdom PlantaeMulticellular Eukaryotes that are autotrophs.Contains cellulose
  9. 9. Kingdom AnimaliaMulticellular Eukaryotes that areheterotrophs. Has no cell wall.
  10. 10. DOMAIN Bacteria Archaea Eukarya KINGDOM Eubacteria Archaebacteria Protista Fungi Plantae AnimaliaCELL TYPE Prokaryote Prokaryote Eukaryote Eukaryote Eukaryote Eukaryote Cell walls with Cell walls Cell walls of Cell walls of Cell walls of No cell walls or CELL cellulose in chitin cellulose; chloroplasts peptidoglycan withoutSTRUCTURES some; some chloroplasts peptidoglycan have chloroplastsNUMBER OF Most unicellular; Most Multicellular Multicellular Unicellular Unicellular CELLS some colonial; multicellular; some some multicellular unicellular MODE OF Autotroph or Autotroph or Autotroph or Heterotroph Autotroph HeterotrophNUTRITION heterotroph heterotroph heterotroph Streptococcus, Methanogens, Amoeba, Mushrooms, Mosses, ferns, Sponges,EXAMPLES Escherichia coli halophiles Paramecium, yeasts flowering worms, slime molds, plants insects, fishes, giant kelp mammals