4 energy sources

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4 energy sources

  1. 1. Energy Sources
  2. 2. <ul><li>Nonrenewable resource- resources that can not be replaced by natural processes as quickly as they are used up. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Fossil fuels…once they’re used up…no more. </li></ul><ul><li>USA uses more energy than any other country in the world </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Energy Usage Breakdown </li></ul><ul><li>20% energy- Residential (heat/cool, lights, appliances) </li></ul><ul><li>27% energy- Transportation (power cars, trucks, and aircrafts) </li></ul><ul><li>16% energy- Business (heat/cool and light businesses) </li></ul><ul><li>37% energy- Industrial (manufacture products and food) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Sources of Energy </li></ul><ul><li>85% Fossil Fuels </li></ul><ul><li>-39% Petroleum (oil) </li></ul><ul><li>-23% Coal </li></ul><ul><li>-23% Natural Gas </li></ul><ul><li>8% Nuclear Energy </li></ul><ul><li>4% Hydroelectric </li></ul><ul><li>3% Biomass or other sources </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Fossil fuels- fuels formed from decaying remains of ancient plants and animals. The energy in fossil fuels is more concentrated. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: 1kg of coal releases 2-3 times more energy as 1kg of wood. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>There are 3 forms of fossil fuels </li></ul><ul><li>1. Coal- Solid </li></ul><ul><li>2. Petroleum (oil)- Liquid </li></ul><ul><li>3. Natural gas- Gas </li></ul><ul><li>Petroleum- highly flammable liquid form of fossil fuel. It produces energy, plastics, synthetic fibers, oil and asphalt. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Top Oil Producers 2,010 Iraq 15   2,122 Algeria 14   2,167 Brazil 13   2,443 Nigeria 12   2,678 Kuwait 11   2,786 Norway 10   2,806 Venezuela 9   2,945 United Arab Emirates 8   3,287 Canada 7   3,710 Mexico 6   3,856 China 5   4,149 Iran 4   8,331 United States 3   9,675 Russia 2   10,665 Saudi Arabia 1   Production Country Rank
  8. 9. Top Oil Consumers   1,655 Iran 15   1,743 Italy 14   1,812 United Kingdom 13   1,981 France 12   2,070 Saudi Arabia 11   2,078 Mexico 10   2,180 Korea, South 9   2,255 Brazil 8   2,297 Canada 7   2,658 India 6   2,692 Germany 5   2,830 Russia 4   5,198 Japan 3   7,235 China 2   20,687 United States 1   Consumption Country Rank
  9. 10. <ul><li>Natural Gas- gas form of fossil fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>-Mostly methane (CH 4 ) but also propane (C 3 H 8 ) and butane (C 4 H 10 ). </li></ul><ul><li>-Natural gas contains more energy than petroleum or coal. </li></ul>
  10. 11. World’s Natural Gas
  11. 13. <ul><li>Coal- Solid form of Fossil Fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>-Contains more impurities so there are more pollutants released when burned. </li></ul><ul><li>-Most abundant fossil fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>-Coal mines were once sites of ancient swamps. </li></ul>
  12. 14. Coal output in 2005

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