RULE OF LAW DAY Welcome to Mr. Wren
Rule of Law <ul><li>In America, no one is above the law and no one is below it: </li></ul><ul><li>No one is above the law ...
Criminal Offenses vs Civil Offenses <ul><li>Criminal Offenses~  </li></ul><ul><li>A court determines </li></ul><ul><li>whe...
<ul><li>Criminal procedure in felony cases ~  </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT ARE MY RIGHTS THROUGH THIS PROCEDURE?? </li></ul><ul>...
Juvenile Cases <ul><li>Judges have greater latitude in handling juvenile cases. </li></ul><ul><li>Juveniles who commit ser...
Procedure for Civil Cases <ul><li>Plaintiff files a complaint.  </li></ul><ul><li>(where do you file a complaint?  How muc...
Federal vs State Court <ul><li>FEDERAL COURTS </li></ul><ul><li>This court system deals with federal crimes that have been...
Court System in Virginia <ul><li>VA Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>  VA Court of Appeals </li></ul><ul><li>    Circuit Co...
Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court (Albemarle County & Charlottesville City)
General District Court (City of Charlottesville)
Circuit Court  (City of Charlottesville)
VA Court of Appeals &  VA Supreme Court VA COURT OF APPEALS VA SUPREME COURT
QUESTIONS??
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Rule of Law Day

881 views

Published on

Talking points for VA Bar Assoc. Rule of Law Day

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
881
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Rule of Law Day

  1. 1. RULE OF LAW DAY Welcome to Mr. Wren
  2. 2. Rule of Law <ul><li>In America, no one is above the law and no one is below it: </li></ul><ul><li>No one is above the law means that if you don’t follow the law, there are consequences. This includes government officials. </li></ul><ul><li>No one is beneath the law means the law protects our individual freedoms granted by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. </li></ul><ul><li>These rights are enforced by our judges and courts. </li></ul><ul><li>The law ensures that you will be treated fairly and equally if you break the law by giving you a fair trial (due process). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Criminal Offenses vs Civil Offenses <ul><li>Criminal Offenses~ </li></ul><ul><li>A court determines </li></ul><ul><li>whether a person accused </li></ul><ul><li>of breaking the law is </li></ul><ul><li>guilty or not guilty of a </li></ul><ul><li>misdemeanor or a felony. </li></ul>Civil Offenses - Civil law seeks to resolve non-criminal disputes such as disagreements over the meaning of contracts, property ownership, divorce, child custody, and damages for personal and property damage.
  4. 4. <ul><li>Criminal procedure in felony cases ~ </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT ARE MY RIGHTS THROUGH THIS PROCEDURE?? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 1) Arrest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A person accused of a crime may be arrested if the police have probable cause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(MIRANDA RIGHTS, WARRANTS, FALSE ARREST) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 2) Bail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The accused may be committed to jail or released on bail. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(How long can they keep you? How is bail determined? What is the most they can ask for?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 3) Arraignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The case proceeds to an arraignment where probable cause is reviewed, the defendant may be appointed an attorney, and a plea is entered. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Appointed lawyer? Pleas?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 4) Trial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A court date is set and trail conducted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Pleading the 5 th , Double Jeopardy) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 5) Appeal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A guilty verdict may be appealed to the Court of Appeals or directly to the Supreme Court in certain cases. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(How long does it take? What about Civil cases?) </li></ul></ul>Criminal Procedure
  5. 5. Juvenile Cases <ul><li>Judges have greater latitude in handling juvenile cases. </li></ul><ul><li>Juveniles who commit serious crimes can be tried as adults </li></ul>
  6. 6. Procedure for Civil Cases <ul><li>Plaintiff files a complaint. </li></ul><ul><li>(where do you file a complaint? How much does it cost?) </li></ul><ul><li>Case is heard by a judge or jury. </li></ul><ul><li>Case can be appealed. </li></ul><ul><li>(how much does it cost to appeal? How long does it take?) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Federal vs State Court <ul><li>FEDERAL COURTS </li></ul><ul><li>This court system deals with federal crimes that have been committed. </li></ul><ul><li>STATE COURTS </li></ul><ul><li>This court system deals with local and state crimes that have been committed. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Court System in Virginia <ul><li>VA Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li> VA Court of Appeals </li></ul><ul><li> Circuit Court </li></ul><ul><li>General District Court </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court </li></ul>
  9. 9. Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court (Albemarle County & Charlottesville City)
  10. 10. General District Court (City of Charlottesville)
  11. 11. Circuit Court (City of Charlottesville)
  12. 12. VA Court of Appeals & VA Supreme Court VA COURT OF APPEALS VA SUPREME COURT
  13. 13. QUESTIONS??

×