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H2 alon strassman_ebooksaccessibility

e-Books accessibility at the National Library of Israel by
Alon Strassman, CIO, NLI

pdf file of the presentation at the

EVA/Minerva Jerusalem International Conference on Digitisation of Culture,
Jerusalem, The Jerusalem Van Leer Institute, 12-13 November 2013
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H2 alon strassman_ebooksaccessibility

  1. 1. Digital Books In the National library Challenges, Plans & Status Nov, 2013
  2. 2. Hebrew Books - Vision The National Library of Israel vision is to undertake the Hebrew Bookshelf, making the entire body of relevant Hebrew texts from the period of Mt. Sinai to the present day readily available over the Internet. Content Technology The National Library of Israel
  3. 3. Dead Sea Scrolls Genizah (fragments) The Hebrew Book Manuscripts Printed Books WHAT IS THE HEBREW BOOK?
  4. 4. The Book of Moses According to Tradition, Just before the revelation at Sinai, Moses wrote everything that had transpired up until that point. Moses would transcribe each of these portions as a small scroll. Shortly before his death, he combined all these portions to form the Torah that we have today.
  5. 5. Book of Moses Deposited in Temple According to tradition, before his death, Moses wrote 13 Torah scrolls. Twelve of these were given to the 12 tribes. The thirteenth was placed in the Ark of the Covenant. This was eventually deposited in the Holy of Holies in the Temple.
  6. 6. The Dead Sea Scrolls The most ancient Torah scrolls have been found near the Dead Sea, in Israel. They are known to be the Dead Sea Scrolls. Some of the scrolls are more than two thousand years old!
  7. 7. The Cairo Bible After the Dead Sea Scrolls, the earliest dated Hebrew manuscript is a Bible which was found in the Cairo Karaite Synagogue from the year 895.
  8. 8. Hebrew Manuscripts around the world Additionally, experts estimate that there are about 75,000 Hebrew books in manuscript form.
  9. 9. Hebrew Printed Books In 1440, Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press. By 1455, Gutenberg was able to print his Bible. The first Hebrew book was printed in 1470
  10. 10. How many Hebrew printed books are there? The Hebrew Bibliography Project associated with the National Library of Israel, has registered 141,000 books, published between 1470 and 1960. However, the unique number is much smaller (< 100,000), since many books have been published several times.
  11. 11. So, how many books? We estimate that about 250,000 additional unique Hebrew books have been published since 1960. Overall, about 350,000 unique Hebrew books have been published since the invention of printing press.
  12. 12. National library Current Plan  50,000 Hebrew manuscripts  50,000 books from 15th-20th centuries  Several thousands copyrighted books
  13. 13. The Hebrew Book: Potential Sources
  14. 14. Microfilm was the best way to preserve copies of manuscripts. But the quality and accessibility are very poor.
  15. 15. ‫‪Digital Programs‬‬ ‫פרויקטים דיגיטליים‬
  16. 16. Create a Logical Thesaurus & Modern Dictionary  Create a Logical Thesaurus enabling one to search for related ideas rather than specific terms or key words.  Create a modern dictionary which will help in translating Biblical and Rabbinic Hebrew into Modern Hebrew. Modern Dictionary Logical Thesaurus Digital Books Accessible Hebrew Books
  17. 17. What features will be included with each book? o Digitized text o Modern Hebrew Dictionary o Modern Lexicon of Concepts o Hierarchical Breakup of Book’s Structure o Full Index o Search Engine o Bibliography (accurate metadata)
  18. 18. ‫לאדינו‬ ‫צרפתית‬ ‫אמהרית‬ ‫פולנית‬ ‫אנגלית‬ ‫הספרות‬ ‫התלמודית‬ ‫קבלה‬ ‫ופילוסופיה‬ ‫אידיש‬ ‫איטלקית‬ ‫שירה, פיוט‬ ‫ויצירות‬ ‫החול‬ ‫הספרות‬ ‫הרבנית‬ ‫הונגרית‬ ‫ערבית‬ ‫ארמית‬ ‫רוסית‬ ‫גרמנית‬
  19. 19. ‫חומרים‬ ‫מתווכים‬
  20. 20. ‫תצלומים‬ ‫חומר‬ ‫מוסיקאלי‬ ‫אפמרה‬ ‫כתבי יד‬ ‫תעוד‬ ‫וידאו/אודיו‬ ‫מפות‬ ‫חומר‬ ‫ארכיוני‬ ‫עיתונות‬ ‫פורמטים‬ ‫ספרים‬
  21. 21. Viewer – Multi platform use
  22. 22. ‫מחקר קהלים‬ ‫משתמשים‬ ‫הצורך‬ ‫• מקורות מידע לעבודות‬ ‫תלמידים‬ ‫סטודנטים‬ ‫מורים‬ ‫חוקרים‬ ‫• עיון במידע מגוון בתחום‬ ‫• העשרת הידע‬ ‫• עניין ראשוני בתחומים‬ ‫ומונחים שונים‬ ‫• העשרת הידע‬ ‫• מעקב אחר נושאי עניין‬ ‫אישיים‬ ‫ניתוח ‪TASC‬‬ ‫• אנציקלופדיות‬ ‫• לימוד עצמאי בתחומים • ספרי לימוד ומחקר‬ ‫שונים‬ ‫• תוכניות לימודיות –‬ ‫מט"ח, סנונית, או"פ‬ ‫• הכנה לבחינות‬ ‫• אתרי אינטרנט‬ ‫• התעדכנות במחקרים‬ ‫חדשים‬ ‫קהל רחב‬ ‫מקורות מידע‬ ‫• מגזינים מקצועיים‬ ‫• ספרי עיון ומחקר‬ ‫• אתרי אינטרנט‬ ‫מקצועיים‬ ‫• אנציקלופדיות‬ ‫ולקסיקונים‬ ‫• ספרי עיון וקריאה‬ ‫• אתרי אינטרנט‬ ‫הקושי בשימוש‬ ‫• התרוצצות בין‬ ‫ספריות כלליות‬ ‫ומקצועיות‬ ‫• גישה מוגבלת‬ ‫• רמת חומר ירודה‬ ‫• התרוצצות בין‬ ‫ספריות‬ ‫• הגבלות השאלה‬ ‫בספריות‬ ‫• איתור החומרים‬ ‫והאתרים הרלבנטיים‬ ‫• נגישות נמוכה‬ ‫לספריות‬ ‫• עלות גבוהה‬ ‫ברכישת התכנים‬ ‫הרלבנטיים‬ ‫• קושי באיתור חומר‬ ‫איכותי‬
  23. 23. Content (My) Actions (Do) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • My Shelf My Lists My Books My Comments My Groups My Friends My recommendations Read Together Work Together Publish Together Teacher-Student Model Community Model Learning Aids Activity Board
  24. 24. Thank You Questions: