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C05 chezkie kasnett_digital_futures

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Digital Futures
An in-depth look into the principles and practice of digital projects at cultural heritage institutions with a focus on best practice (He)
Chezkie Kasnett, Digital Projects Manager, National Library of Israel

Published in: Internet
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C05 chezkie kasnett_digital_futures

  1. 1. DIGITAL FUTURES Principles & Best Practice Eva / Minerva 08/11/2015
  2. 2. Raise issues that will allow to make correct decisions  Raise awareness of issues that can make or break a digital project Objective:
  3. 3. Considerations of a Digital Project How to Preserve? Future Uses? Preservation? Who’s the Audience? Access via Internet? How? What to Scan? All Part? What is the Project Objective? Audience Expectations How complete? Effort? If I build it, will they come?
  4. 4. Preservation? Access via Internet? How? Wat is the Project Objective? Audience Expectations
  5. 5. Requirements of a Digital Project Standards Standards Standards
  6. 6. Best Practice for Standardization • Archival standards: ISAD(G), ISDIAH, ISAAR-CPF, DACS…. • Digitization (format, PPI) • File naming • Long-term digital preservation (LTDP) (OAIS, PREMIS) • Data exchange: EAD
  7. 7. PRINT MATERIAL Source Material to Digital File / Microfilm to Digital File Standards for Digital Image Capture Material Type News Papers Manuscripts Books / Documents Jacket Maps Photographs Master / Preservation Images Target File Bi-Tonal Greyscale Color Greyscale Color Bi-Tonal Greyscale Color Color Greyscale Color Color Color Format TIFF TIFF TIFF TIFF TIFF TIFF TIFF TIFF TIFF TIFF TIFF TIFF TIFF Resolution/DPI 300/400 300/400 400-600 300 400-600 300 300 400 300 400 600 600 600 Bit Depth 1-bit 8-bit 24-bit 8-bit 24-bit 1-bit 8-bit 24-bit 24-bit 8-bit 24-bit 24-bit 48-bit Compression None None None None None None None None None None None None None Color Mode - - RGB - RGB - - RGB RGB - RGB RGB RGB Criteria standard Tabloid, magazine standard standard If w images standard standard When high quality required Secondary / Production Images Format TIFF/JPEG2K/ JPEG TIFF/JPEG2K/ JPEG TIFF/JPEG2K TIFF/JPEG2K TIFF/JPEG2K TIFF/JPEG2K/ JPEG TIFF/JPEG2K/ JPEG TIFF/JPEG2K TIFF/JPEG2K TIFF/JPEG2K TIFF/JPEG2K TIFF/JPEG2K TIFF/JPEG2 K Resolution 300 DPI 300 DPI 400 DPI 300 DPI 400-600 DPI 300 DPI 300 DPI 400 DPI 300 DPI 400 DPI 400 DPI 600 DPI 600DPI Compression LZW/ CCITT-4 LZW/ LZW/ LZW/ CCITT-4 LZW/ Image Processing De-skew De-speckle Crop to edge De-Skew De-Speckle Crop De-Skew De-Speckle Crop De-Skew De-Speckle Crop De-Skew Crop Presentation / Access Images Format JPEG/PDF JPEG/PDF JPEG/PDF JPEG JPEG JPEG/PDF JPEG/PDF JPEG/PDF JPEG/PDF JPEG JPEG JPEG JPEG Size Thumbnail Images Format JPEG JPEG JPEG JPEG JPEG JPEG JPEG JPEG JPEG JPEG JPEG JPEG JPEG Size 150x150 ‫בהתאם‬ ‫או‬ ‫לצורך‬ 150x150 ‫בהתאם‬ ‫או‬ ‫לצורך‬ 150x150 ‫בהתאם‬ ‫או‬ ‫לצורך‬ 150x150 ‫בהתאם‬ ‫או‬ ‫לצורך‬ 150x150 ‫בהתאם‬ ‫או‬ ‫לצורך‬ 150x150 ‫בהתאם‬ ‫או‬ ‫לצורך‬ 150x150 ‫בהתאם‬ ‫או‬ ‫לצורך‬ 150x150 ‫בהתאם‬ ‫או‬ ‫לצורך‬ 150x150 ‫בהתאם‬ ‫או‬ ‫לצורך‬ 150x150 ‫בהתאם‬ ‫או‬ ‫לצורך‬ 150x150 ‫בהתאם‬ ‫או‬ ‫לצורך‬ 150x150 ‫בהתאם‬ ‫או‬ ‫לצורך‬ 150x150 ‫בהתאם‬ ‫או‬ ‫לצורך‬
  8. 8. Project # 1 Project # 2 Digitize 100,000 pages Digitize 100,000 pages 6 months 300,000 NIS 14 months 500,000 NIS
  9. 9. 001.Tiff 002.Tiff 003.Tiff 004.Tiff 005.Tiff GF_0015-01_001_0001.Tiff GF_0015-10_001_0002.Tiff GF_0015-10_002_0001.Tiff GF_0015-10_025_0543.Tiff GF_0034-00_001_0002.Tiff
  10. 10. GF_0015-01_001_0001.Tiff GF_0015-10_001_0002.Tiff
  11. 11. 001.Tiff 002.Tiff 189.Tiff Project # 1 Project # 2 Digitize 100,000 pages Digitize 100,000 pages 6 months 300,000 NIS 14 months 500,000 NIS GF_0015-01_001_0001.Tiff GF_0015-01_001_0002.Tiff GF_165-02_005_0189.Tiff
  12. 12. OAIS (Open Archival Information System) A reference model for long-term preservation of digital assets. PREMIS (PREservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies)
  13. 13. Archive Network Israel Project • ISO 1551 (ISIL) - International Standard identifier for archives (link) • Adoption of ISAD(G), ISDIAH • EAD for data exchange between archival institutions – EADi • ‫הפרויקט‬ ‫אתר‬-‫שותפים‬
  14. 14. EADi (EAD-Israel)
  15. 15. Conclusions • Use accepted standards • Implement best practices to ensure best possible • Digitization • Long-term digital preservation • Data sharing and exchange • End-user access
  16. 16. Chezkie Kasnett +972-54-307-5321 chezkiek@nli.org.il
  17. 17. 2 Approaches Take Risks Don’t take risks Risks Trademark Copyright Privacy Slander
  18. 18.  Ensure status of copyright  Adopt a strategy  Perform due-diligence  Document due-diligence  Get permits, agreements in writing!  Control end user usage  Insurance  Know the law  Know who and when to ask How do we minimize risk?
  19. 19. “Reasonable people adapt themselves to the world; Unreasonable people try to change the world to fit their fantasies. Therefore, all progress is thanks to unreasonable people”
  20. 20. Engage the crowd User feedback promotes discussion and thinking So what do we want to know? • What is the size of the audience? • Who is the audience? • Where is the audience? • How does our audience use its time? • How much of this time is dedicated toward being our audience? • What material interests our audience the most? The least?  Feedback  Surveys  Work groups  Monitor the crowd

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