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A02 matthew adams_keynote_paperless

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Keynote Speaker - Paperless Archaeology
Dr. Matthew Adams, Director, Albright Institute of Archaeological Research

Published in: Technology
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A02 matthew adams_keynote_paperless

  1. 1. Paperless Archaeology on the Matthew J. Adams W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in collaboration with Michael Ashley, Center for Digital Archaeology Adam B. Prins, Durham University
  2. 2. The Jezreel Valley Regional Project (JVRP) is a long-term, multi-disciplinary survey and excavation project investigating the history of human activity in the Jezreel Valley from the Paleolithic through the Ottoman period. This project strives for a total history of the region using the tools and theoretical approaches of such disciplines as archaeology, anthropology, geography, history, ethnography, and the natural sciences, within an organizational framework provided by landscape archaeology. @jezreelvalleyrp
  3. 3. Total Archaeology Regional scale Unprecedented aspirations for total archaeology Field work, research, publication
  4. 4. The JVRP Vision A central repository for all data concerning the valley. Historical, Archaeological, Geological, Environmental data A suite of tools for research and field work. Utilizing the latest technology and keeping up with it going forward. Publishing data and interpretations online. Sharing data with stakeholders: from IAA to local community Fully digital, adaptable, using off the shelf equipment, specialist-free and inexpensive. Fun to use and look cool.
  5. 5. The Challenges Multiscaler: site > region 100's of sites, scores of excavations, dozens of surveys Enormous bibliography Scattered historical sources in multiple languages Variances in disciplinary methods and standards Tons of analog data, very little digitized Analog tools still used in fieldwork
  6. 6. Traditional Analog Tools of the Archaeologist Notebooks, Sketches, Technical Drawings, Photographs Spatial and contextual information from an archaeological site Disconnect between the field work and analysis Digitization vs. born digital
  7. 7. Paperless Archaeology Reinvent archaeological method and recording so that all data is born digital Allows on-the-fly data processing, interpretation, and publication Analysis can happen in the moment and inform the next moment of field work.
  8. 8. Paperless JVRP Field Work Digital acquisition of spatial data Total Stations 3D Models Digital recording-keeping Context Records, notes, etc. Digital media Photographs Audio and Video Everything must find its way into the database upon birth
  9. 9. Born Digital Spatial Data
  10. 10. UAV Imagery Video Other sensors
  11. 11. Model on Sketchfab 3D Modeling at the Locus Level
  12. 12. “Time lapse” Excavation Sequence Final situation of excavation square CV81 at Legio, the Roman Legionary Camp of the VI Roman Legion “Legio VI Ferrata,” Northern Israel.
  13. 13. Uses of the Digital 3D Models 3D manipulable record of the excavation High-accuracy representations Visualizations (hillshades, slope models etc.) Reconstructed photos Models for accurate 3D reconstruction Deriving traditional plan and sections Public engagement with “real” archaeology
  14. 14. Born Digital Data Needs a Home
  15. 15. Codifi
  16. 16. Codifi is designed to augment/replace paper based recording and rapidly accelerate data entry while providing a solid ‘born- archival’ workflow for documents, images, video and geo-spatial information.
  17. 17. Codifi Configurable for any organization Multiple projects, sites Windows, Mac, iOS JVRP Tel Megiddo East (2013) Legio (2013, 2015)
  18. 18. Dashboard Modular Code Actions and Places JVRP Survey Support Excavation Process
  19. 19. Selects Clear pop-up for anticipated entity (sites, areas) Legio 2015 Hidden Areas reduced confusion and sped up fieldwork
  20. 20. The Grid Active squares oriented to real coordinate space Touch interface JVRP Areas B and C include orthophotos generated in field in near-real time (same day)
  21. 21. Loci Loci in Area by locus # Heads up status JVRP Provided cross check with GIS
  22. 22. Locus Sheet Tabbed interface follows workflow Controlled vocabularies, auto- naming, calculations reduces errors JVRP Relations to previous seasons Required no training to use (intuitive)
  23. 23. Soil Science Accommodates multiple sedimentology, such as Munsell Real time feedback and color coding JVRP Streamlined terms met with JVRP wide concepts of sedimentology
  24. 24. Materials New in 2015, touch interface for artifacts and samples 2 click mantra JVRP Experimentation and User Experience testing results in 80- 90% time savings and dramatic reduction in errors
  25. 25. Materials Programmable to specific materials of site or research objectives JVRP Ordered by most found
  26. 26. Materials Easy to read label creator forges exactly what to write on the physical tag Auto numbering by locus JVRP Experimentations with QR codes and label printers show major potential
  27. 27. Media Field media recording on iPad Document Photos Audio Video Auto geo-location Drag/Drop dSLR and other media on PC/Mac JVRP Field recorders created daily videos, working shots, opening and closing photos Full Archival Workflow in lab for ca. 10,000 items
  28. 28. Workflow and Archiving Add any media Auto geo-location Drag/Drop dSLR and other media on PC/Mac JVRP Orthophotos, drawings, reports, archival photos added and archived
  29. 29. 3D Web Viewer 3D HTML-5 viewer via SketchFab Works on all platforms (PC/Mac, iOS) JVRP 3D models per locus to assist in drawing, interpretation, visitor experience Web based GIS for survey
  30. 30. Field Report Up to the moment reporting Locus status Checklist Easy export to diaries JVRP Field recorders copies field reports to daily diaries and could finish entry on 20 min bus ride to kibbutz
  31. 31. Web Integration Google Docs for Diaries JVRP Each supervisor kept digital diary, shared with core team via GDocs Aggregate of all information in Codifi saves time and provided cross check
  32. 32. What happens after fieldwork?
  33. 33. Reports Dynamic Outputs as Reports Charts Datasets XML Auto geo-location Drag/Drop dSLR and other media on PC/Mac JVRP Field recorders created daily diaries, working shots, opening and closing shots Full Archival Workflow in lab for ca. 10,000 items
  34. 34. Codifi Core Principles Codifi allows everyone to work the way you want. Do archaeology the way you think it should be done. Codifi bends to accommodate human processing while maintaining archival data standards.
  35. 35. – I s r a e l f i n k e l s t e i n “ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATION DATA DO NOT FIT NEATLY INTO THE FRAMEWORK OF ANY STANDARD DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DBMS)”
  36. 36. CIDOC CRM + CODIFI Doerr, Theodoridou - “CRMdig: A generic digital provenance model for scientific observation" CIDOC Conceptual model of real world processed Powerful but challenging to implement Codifi Rooted in CIDOC model Essential super-class structure emphasizes archival practice Compatible and extensible Award winning, peer reviewed model* * Best Paper, 10th Vast International Symposium On Virtual Reality, Archeology And Cultural Heritage, published in 2011, Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH)
  37. 37. Codifi Entities Codifi Concepts People, Media and Things, encountered in Places through Events. Flexible, but structured Based on archival data standards that are internationally guided but locally implemented
  38. 38. and the web?
  39. 39. Barriers to Web Publishing Cost Web publishing generally requires high levels of technical skill in order to do well Centralized tools and platforms often “homogenize” individual projects and research objectives in order to create a consistent, often branded experience Web publishing is often a huge amount of effort perceived low value of digital publishing in contrast to traditional, paper publishing in peer-reviewed journals Requirements for differential access to data - governmental/agency reporting, protection of sensitive information (site locations, for example), embargo for scholastic advancement, personal/private content Fiduciary responsibility for long term preservation and access to content
  40. 40. Needs Collaborative Environment - more than a website Should integrate harmoniously with fieldwork Should be beautiful, enjoyable, personalized experience for each project Should make it possible to connect content from any project or source
  41. 41. Codifi Connects Culture
  42. 42. Welcome to Codifi Connect Introducing Codifi Connect, the secure web platform that adapts to you. With Codifi connect, you create curated collections of results of your archaeological and cultural heritage projects and can publish them on your own, secure hosted platform to share in your terms. Finally, there’s a platform designed for and by cultural heritage professionals that empowers us to share our rich data, media and stories by understanding the complexities of real world permissions and negotiations.
  43. 43. examples
  44. 44. Collector Donors provide postcards, photos, objects for scanning in ‘Roadshows’ Team digitizes, uses Codifi to add all key data and prepare for publishing online Two sides to every story - online, both sides of cards are presented (Codifi can handle any amount of media)
  45. 45. Connect Unique website Curated experience Direct upload from Codifi Managed through differential access with fine grain controls Multi-lingual
  46. 46. Codifi Connect is in private beta Safe online place for digital cultural heritage Secure data centers, archival services Full control over how you share your data, media, results Available in 2016
  47. 47. Codifi JVRP Centralizes the entire archaeological process of field work, finds processing, analysis, interpretation, publication, data curation.

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