Global  Gender  GAP (World  Economic  Forum)
Pay  Gap
Pay Gap in Belgium ? <ul><li>Hourly salary for full time work in the private sector: 30% </li></ul><ul><li>with age </li><...
The glass  ceiling
France : Position of Women The rate of activities of fathers never goes under 90%. That of mother falls 60% with 2 childre...
France : Position of Women <ul><li>10 companies of CAC 40 have a fixed rate of objectives in relation to gender balance.  ...
- 5% 5-10% 10-15% 15-20% +20% Women presents on the boards of directors of companies quoted on the stock exchange.
The glass  ceiling <ul><li>    = Obstacles that stand in the way of promoting women </li></ul><ul><li>Inequality in family...
Female  Entrepreneurs
Female Entrepreneurs <ul><li>30%  of people working freelance are Women </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><...
Female  Entrepreneurs <ul><li>M  studying general management (65% to25%) </li></ul><ul><li>W studying marketing (33% to 18...
Let’s use Women’s Talents!
Let’s use Women’s Talents!
Let’s use Women’s Talents!  <ul><li>W (EU):  59% of university graduates </li></ul><ul><li>61% of PhD graduates. </li></ul...
<ul><li>If we achieve absolute equality in the European Union: </li></ul><ul><li>GDP  27% </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in ot...
Objective : Equality How can we get there?
Initiatives <ul><li>Legislation on equality  : Belgium has registered the greatest  improvement  in male/ female equality ...
<ul><li>The more men have positions of responsibilities, the more they have children. This is exactly the opposite for wom...
In practice? <ul><li>RECRUITEMENT : language of advertisements </li></ul><ul><li>PROMOTION : transparent and non-linear ca...
In practice? <ul><li>Work and family responsibilities should be completely shared </li></ul><ul><li>Fathers should invest ...
Conclusions <ul><li>«  In terms of workforce, the second sex will be able to save the economy »,  </li></ul><ul><li>Courri...
<ul><li>Phone: +32 2 346 38 00 or +32 2 346 32 00 </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail:  [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>JUMP offers...
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Femmes emploi final en

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Femmes emploi final en

  1. 3. Global Gender GAP (World Economic Forum)
  2. 4. Pay Gap
  3. 5. Pay Gap in Belgium ? <ul><li>Hourly salary for full time work in the private sector: 30% </li></ul><ul><li>with age </li></ul><ul><li>W : 44,3% M: 7,9% </li></ul><ul><li>working part time </li></ul><ul><li>W (42,6%)   M (24,7%) </li></ul><ul><li> Earning less than 2.000 € gross/month </li></ul>
  4. 6. The glass ceiling
  5. 7. France : Position of Women The rate of activities of fathers never goes under 90%. That of mother falls 60% with 2 children and 37% with 3 children.
  6. 8. France : Position of Women <ul><li>10 companies of CAC 40 have a fixed rate of objectives in relation to gender balance. </li></ul><ul><li>15% of the structure of CAC 40 states that it has no pay gaps between men and women. </li></ul><ul><li>25% of companies are certified with the label of professional equality : the reconciliation between work and family lives </li></ul>
  7. 9. - 5% 5-10% 10-15% 15-20% +20% Women presents on the boards of directors of companies quoted on the stock exchange.
  8. 10. The glass ceiling <ul><li>  = Obstacles that stand in the way of promoting women </li></ul><ul><li>Inequality in family roles </li></ul><ul><li>Prejudice and stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid structures in companies </li></ul><ul><li>International mobility without any concern of the family </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Reticence and difficulties for women to promote themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of female role models </li></ul><ul><li>Company was founded by men for men without any domestic constraints </li></ul>
  9. 11. Female Entrepreneurs
  10. 12. Female Entrepreneurs <ul><li>30% of people working freelance are Women </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Working a lot(50-60h) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth isn’t the aim but creating employment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Areas: care work, services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk-averse </li></ul></ul>Figures UCM and ICHEC PME
  11. 13. Female Entrepreneurs <ul><li>M studying general management (65% to25%) </li></ul><ul><li>W studying marketing (33% to 18%). </li></ul><ul><li>Response to the question « why are you entrepreneur ? » </li></ul><ul><ul><li>« desire to be my own boss » </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>« ability to channel my passion » </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>« earn more money » especially M(25%) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>W : 36% consider « the sense of responsibility » as important </li></ul><ul><li>10% M </li></ul><ul><li>Figures UCM and ICHEC PME </li></ul>
  12. 14. Let’s use Women’s Talents!
  13. 15. Let’s use Women’s Talents!
  14. 16. Let’s use Women’s Talents! <ul><li>W (EU): 59% of university graduates </li></ul><ul><li>61% of PhD graduates. </li></ul><ul><li>In Belgium, even if they succeed on the whole better than boys, there are less than 15% of girls in the IT and engineers colleges. </li></ul><ul><li>The number of women in director positions in private companies has increased from 3.7% in 2001 to 4.8% in 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>80% of buying decisions are made by women. </li></ul><ul><li>The USA and the Scandinavian countries have a positive correlation between the rate of activity of professional women and the increased birth rates. </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>If we achieve absolute equality in the European Union: </li></ul><ul><li>GDP 27% </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in other countries : </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium: 26% </li></ul><ul><li>Germany: 29 % </li></ul><ul><li>Italy : 32% </li></ul><ul><li>The Netherlands: 40% </li></ul><ul><li>Gender equality, economic growth and employment </li></ul><ul><li>Asa Löfström (Summer - 2009) </li></ul>Let’s use Women’s Talents !
  16. 18. Objective : Equality How can we get there?
  17. 19. Initiatives <ul><li>Legislation on equality : Belgium has registered the greatest improvement in male/ female equality stakes in parliament during these past 10 years (from 12 to 35% of women). </li></ul><ul><li>Norway has imposed a 40% minimum rate of women on boards of directors . => objective achieved </li></ul><ul><li>20 January 2010 : France voted a law to reach 40% of women on boards of directors within 6 years </li></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>The more men have positions of responsibilities, the more they have children. This is exactly the opposite for women </li></ul><ul><li>The more the salaries for women are increased and the more their husbands help out in household chores and with the family (the power and the confidence to negotiate at home is successful, recognition and salary earned at work.) </li></ul><ul><li>Women are already flexible in the business world. Therefore companies should change their cultures so that they have more «  gender diversity . » </li></ul>Initiatives
  19. 21. In practice? <ul><li>RECRUITEMENT : language of advertisements </li></ul><ul><li>PROMOTION : transparent and non-linear careers </li></ul><ul><li>GIVE VALUE TO the characteristics of women </li></ul><ul><li>REWARD : motivation, flexibility, not only money and status </li></ul><ul><li>NO equal treatment (except salary) because that reinforces a male dominated culture in companies. </li></ul>
  20. 22. In practice? <ul><li>Work and family responsibilities should be completely shared </li></ul><ul><li>Fathers should invest earlier and spend more time taking care of their children </li></ul><ul><li>Swedish and Icelandic models : M take up to 30% of « maternity » leave. </li></ul><ul><li>[OECD, 2005] </li></ul>
  21. 23. Conclusions <ul><li>«  In terms of workforce, the second sex will be able to save the economy », </li></ul><ul><li>Courrier international, 3 mai 2007 </li></ul>
  22. 24. <ul><li>Phone: +32 2 346 38 00 or +32 2 346 32 00 </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>JUMP offers women practical tools to help them realise their professional and personal aspirations, and supports companies and organisations that wish to promote better gender diversity within their management. </li></ul><ul><li>Blog JUMP : a multilingual Web portal and bi-monthly e- newsletter </li></ul><ul><li>Woman's Academy : workshops for developing professional knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Forum JUMP : an annual event in Brussels for women and companies </li></ul>

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