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Europeana: how can schools use it?


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Europeana: how can schools use it?

  1. 1. Tens of millions of cultural digital objects available through Europeana: how can they be used by schools? EMINENT Conference, Rome 5 December 2008 Rob Davies, Scientific Co-ordinator EuropeanaLocal
  2. 2. Digital Libraries Initiative (DLI) <ul><li>Flagship project of i2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Letter by six Heads of State and Government to the European Commission (2005) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocated creation of a virtual European library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aiming to make Europe’s cultural and scientific records accessible to all </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Positive response from the Commission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outline strategy: Communication &quot;i2010: Digital Libraries&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication on ‘access to scientific information in the digital age’ (2007) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Focus of the DLI <ul><li>Make Europe's rich and diverse cultural and scientific heritage easier and more interesting to use online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>for work, leisure and/or study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>books, films, maps, photographs, music, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>combine multicultural and multilingual environments with technological advances and new business models </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two strands: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural heritage: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>build a common European Digital Library </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific heritage : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ensure current and future access for research and innovation purposes (HE: DRIVER) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>EU Vision: access, digitisation, preservation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote competences </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>“ For the users it is not important whether the sources of knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Predecessor infrastructural projects <ul><li>TEL (The European Library) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative platform of 48 CENL national libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managed by The European Library Office, KL Netherlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Object level, standardised metadata, multilingual access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequence of projects ((IST, eContentplus) 2003- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each bringing in more national libraries and advancing technically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metadata/catalogue records – link to digital objects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MICHAEL/MICHAELPLus (2004-8) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Driven mainly by Ministries of Culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e-Ten </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to collection descriptions - link to </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research projects ( FP6/ICT) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DELOS, BRICKS, QVIZ and more </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6.
  7. 7. <ul><li>End of 2006: full collaboration among EU National Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>From 2007 collaboration to be expanded to Archives, Museums and Audiovisual Archives </li></ul><ul><li>November 2007: EDL Foundation in place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>major European associations of archives, audiovisual archives, museums and libraries as founders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2008: 2 million books, films, photographs, manuscripts, and other cultural works accessible through prototype (was actually 3.5 million) </li></ul><ul><li>At least 6 million works by 2010 (will be exceeded) </li></ul>The roadmap to a European Digital Library
  8. 8. EDL Foundation EURBICA FIAT ACE EMF CENL LIBER MICHAEL KB ICOM Europe CERL INA BA European Regional Branch of Intl. Council on Archives Intl. Fed. of Television Archives Association Cinémathèques Europeennes European Museums Forum Conference of European National Librarians Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche Multilingual Inventory of Cultural Heritage in Europe National Library of The Netherlands International Council of Museums Europe Consortium of European Research Libraries Institut Audiovisuel, France Bundesarchiv, Germany
  9. 9. <ul><li>Thematic Network: Europeana.Net (2007-9) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large scale voluntary effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by KB, Netherlands </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Establish trust between the institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Create organisational structure for Europeana </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huge EC commitment (eContentplus, ICT PSP, FP) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tackle domain interoperability issues (standards) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Item or object level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prototype </li></ul><ul><ul><li>digitised content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>timeline based discovery, faceted browsing, personalisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>launched to Council of Ministers 19/20 November </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>huge demand, crashed on first day, to be relaunched mid-December </li></ul></ul>Europeana
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Infrastructure <ul><li>Support sensible levels of aggregation (digital libraries, national cultural portals etc) for harvesting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>vary variable starting points across Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implement Europeana specifications and tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>harvesting OAI-PMH compliant repositories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>map existing metadata to Europeana Metadata Application Profile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>identify easy processes/tools for transforming metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>local vocabularies ‘SKOSified’ to enrich semantics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>objects remain on original sites </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12.
  13. 13. EuropeanaLocal (2008-11) <ul><li>Best Practice Network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>improve interoperability of digital content held by regional and local museums, libraries and archives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>prove the value of local/regionally sourced content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>large-scale pilot implementation: 27 countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>200+ collections, take on 100 more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>estimated 20 million items identified initially </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local content for integrated Europeana prototype service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>treasures held at local or regional level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>local collections held by libraries, museums and archives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>visual material high in the mix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>public domain ‘cultural’ records held by archives etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote content contribution from local users/communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>more digitisation needed for representation of all localities </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Europeana content holders
  15. 15. EuropeanaLocal types of partner <ul><li>EDLFoundation </li></ul><ul><li>1 Ministry of Culture (as aggregators of local content) </li></ul><ul><li>2 national libraries (“) </li></ul><ul><li>2 national museums (“) </li></ul><ul><li>3 national cultural agencies (“) </li></ul><ul><li>5 regional cultural authorities </li></ul><ul><li>7 public libraries </li></ul><ul><li>1 local museum </li></ul><ul><li>1 research foundation </li></ul><ul><li>1 regional digital library provider </li></ul><ul><li>7 private sector organisations </li></ul>
  16. 16. Open Archive Initiative
  17. 17. Europeana Semantic Elements (ESE) <ul><li>Metadata defined to match specific functionality of prototype </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixture of simple DC plus some qualifiers + 2 new elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>’ User tag’: public tags created by registered users </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No full Europeana ‘application profile’ proposed yet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>data used with existing schemas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TEL application profile, DC (simple, qualified), MODS,METS. EAD, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mapping and conversion done centrally at Europeana for prototype </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Longer term scalabiity: prognosis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will require decentralisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>automation of metadata conversion either at aggregator or central level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unmissable opportunity for Europe-wide interoperability </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Metadata enrichment Mainly manually entered but also process text to look for person names Similar technology as is applied by search engines, extracting keywords and assigning relevance according to frequency Coverage is specified in any number of ways such as geographical names, administrative entities and coordinates. Need geo-metadata Difficult to get disambiguous temporal metadata but possible
  19. 19. Future …. <ul><li>Europeana VI delivers first release early 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions/aggregators use ESE till then </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate complementary infrastructure and standards </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Object Modelling, Semantics, RSS/|ATOM, Language, Place/geography, Social networks, Collection identification, Persistent identifiers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rights expression (C20 black hole) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Sustainability plan/business model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual cost projection 2010 onwards = 3.6 million EUR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EC projects + national ministries + site revenue (reuse) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. OAI-ORE <ul><li>Object Reuse and Exchange (OAI-ORE) specs – Oct 17 </li></ul><ul><li>Object surrogates </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage core web architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ applications and services that can visualize, preserve, transfer, summarize, and improve access to the aggregations that people use on Web daily’’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potentially interactive – not just one way like OAI-PMH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enriched metadata available in return to content suppliers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Run in parallel with OAI-PMH </li></ul>
  21. 21. Re-use of Europeana content <ul><li>Make content available to other service providers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tourism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>education (formal, non-formal e.g. museums) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>family history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>humanities research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>publishing/media industries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>through other search engines and services on the web </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commercial and non-commercial re-users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Income stream needed for sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>what is the value added by Europeana worth? </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. ICT PSP Workprogramme 2009 <ul><li>Objective 2.5 – Use of cultural material for education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding instrument - Pilot B </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>January 2009 call date, May 2009 deadline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improve availability and relevance of cultural content for lifelong learning use in multicultural/multilingual contexts </li></ul><ul><li>Better exploitation of cultural heritage by education systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used by pupils and students in everyday learning activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Content which is included/to be included in Europeana </li></ul><ul><ul><li>critical mass to demonstrate impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify quantity and quality of content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deal with rights/IPR </li></ul>
  23. 23. Europeana-LRE interaction? <ul><li>Search service which educators can use to identify useful content (objects, packaged content) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Segmented/’curated’ to assist the teacher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum relevance? (Who, What, Where, When) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Travels well’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality/rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How would LRE ingest metadata? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harvesting/reharvesting infrastructure? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS ‘channels’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APIs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metadata enrichment for educational use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum vocabularies, Learning Object specifics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture24 (UK) funded by the DoE to provide service for schools  </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>rob.davies@mdrpartners com </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li> </li></ul>