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Promoting Geospatial Education in Europe

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Slides from a Directions Magazine webinar where Karl Donert explores the challenges facing Europe in the development of geospatial education. He explores how open data, open science and open education are key to future economic and social policies. Then the value of open geospatial information is described and this is confirmed through the GI-Learner and YouthMetre Projects that Karl is involved in. The identify the importance of open data and the need for geospatial thinking.
The presentation looks at Knowledge 2050 a European policy report on Europe's future needs.

Published in: Education
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Promoting Geospatial Education in Europe

  1. 1. Karl Donert, President EUROGEO, Consultant: Director: European Centre of Excellence: digital-earth.eu eurogeomail@yahoo.co.uk March 15 2017 Promoting Geospatial Education In Europe
  2. 2. EUROGEO • European Association of Geographers • Legally based in Belgium • International NGO – established 1979 by the European Commission to network geographers • A professional association for geographers, geo- scientists and related areas • Developed further by the HERODOT (Bologna Process) Network for higher education in Europe
  3. 3. EUROGEO Aims Advance the status of geography: • organise events / activities for members • produce publications • support geographers • identify and promote good practise • research, give advice on geography • lobby at national and international levels • make recommendations on policies
  4. 4. • Networking: Digital-earth.eu • Tools: I-Use, YouthMetre • Training: iGuess • Education: Spatial Citizenship • Curriculum: GI Learner • Careers: GeoSkills Plus EUROGEO: geospatial education initiatives
  5. 5. Benefits of the Geospatial Industry http://opendatabarometer.org/
  6. 6. Dashboard on Open Data in Europe, http://www.europeandataportal.eu/en/dashboard .
  7. 7. Dashboard on Open Data in Europe, http://www.europeandataportal.eu/en/dashboard .
  8. 8. Dashboard on Open Data in Europe, http://www.europeandataportal.eu/en/dashboard .
  9. 9. Open Science
  10. 10. Open Education
  11. 11. State of Geospatial: enabling a Digital Europe Geospatial sector 2017
  12. 12. Stakeholder Expert Workshop http://tinyurl.com/GWF-geocap2014
  13. 13. What if ….. • citizens remain unaware the geospatial sector exists • best students hijacked by non-geospatial industry • lack of a qualifications profile is THE key limiting factor in further geospatial sector development • not enough graduates to meet needs • potential for more efficient economy and society not developed
  14. 14. • use the users and involve geo-industry more (public/private) • raise awareness with education decision makers • network key organisations - share knowledge and information • bridge the gap between technical, policy, education experts • establish THINK TANK - leaders forum from industry-education-NGOs-policy
  15. 15. • broad, effective PR for geospatial professions • common (European) qualifications, benchmarks, curriculum • find ways to cluster / sustain good education projects • create exciting education with geospatial • support continued rise of open in education ...
  16. 16. Beware: The Next Revolution? Gakstatter E. (2014), Will the Next Industrial Revolution Be Bigger than the First? Will Geospatial Technology be Part of It?, Geospatial Solutions, http://tinyurl.com/qxhohom Waves of innovation, after Kondratiev (1925) Cloud Computing
  17. 17. Option A: European Success • universities are thriving in strong partnerships with regional institutions. • education is ‘in’ … to solve global problems • automation and data-intensive science • from open science to radical open science • Smart cities as growing laboratories of democracy
  18. 18. Option B: Europe misses out • automation and globalisation • rich core and weak periphery in Europe • mass unemployment • social exclusion • discontent • three threats: structural unemployment and inequality, funding shortfalls, and a skills crisis
  19. 19. Three broad principles Principles to guide thinking about what Europe’s knowledge institutions and governance must do: Principle 1: An open knowledge system in Europe Principle 2: Flexibility and experimentation in innovation Principle 3: European-level cooperation
  20. 20. 1: An open knowledge system • Promote open access to data and data literacy • European Knowledge Space, knowledge pool • on-line framework open to all citizens for research, analysis, debate and sharing • integrated framework of policies, incentives and ICT tools for sharing • rethink intellectual property
  21. 21. 2: Flexibility and experimentation in innovation • greater freedom of action • stronger regional innovation ecosystems, urban place-based knowledge triangles • support autonomy of universities, research funds, new types of education • experimentation in the economy and society • experimentation in social, environmental policy
  22. 22. 3: European-level cooperation • coordination role for policy, regulation, support, education • single knowledge market – research area, research for good • link knowledge-related policy with cohesion and social welfare – unemployment, participation • update educational curricula and certification for an age of fast-changing jobs • identify inspiring Grand Projects for 2050 and ambitious global goals
  23. 23. European Commission (2015), Creating Value Through Open Data http://tinyurl.com/j6qypoe Empower the work force … a skills gap … supply side workforce shortage … government responsibility
  24. 24. European Commission (2015), Creating Value Through Open Data http://tinyurl.com/j6qypoe
  25. 25. • bb Bratislava eSkills Declaration http://tinyurl.com/zlck4a6 • Foster digital skills training programmes • Harness industry-led education • Accelerate labour mobility for digital jobs • National Digital Skills and Jobs Coalitions
  26. 26. • bb Bratislava eSkills Declaration, 2016 http://tinyurl.com/zlck4a6 • Raise awareness of key enabling technologies in the digital single market and digital career opportunities • Maturing the ICT profession • EU funds dedicated to upskilling initiatives and training platforms • Encourage better gender balance
  27. 27. • guarantee fast Internet everywhere • make fastest connections in schools, and other major places where people gather • provide free wi-fi in cities around the EU • desperate plea for better technology education
  28. 28. GI Learner Project • A project to develop geospatial thinking learning lines in secondary schools • http://www.gilearner.ugent.be/
  29. 29. GI Learner Context • To help meet mismatch between workforce demand and labour supply in GI occupation sector. • Due to students leaving high school or university without necessary skills and knowledge. • Big problem for companies, also for society where students finish their studies but don’t find a job.
  30. 30. What is a learning line? A learning line is an educational term that refers to the construction of knowledge and skills throughout the whole curriculum. This learning line reflects an increasing level of complexity, ranging from easy (more basic skills and knowledge) to difficult. Zwartjes, L., 2014. The need for a learning line for spatial thinking using GIS in education. Innovative Learning Geography in Europe: New Challenge for the 21st Century, pp.39-62. Literature Review
  31. 31. Learning Line examples learning lines Fieldwork Working with images Working with maps Working with statistics Creation of knowledge Level 1 Perception – knowledge of facts Level 2 Analysis – selection of relevant geographic information Level 3 Structure – looking for complex connections and relationships Level 4 Application – thinking problem solving Literature Review
  32. 32. Geospatial thinking Ten geospatial thinking competences proposed: 1. Critically read, interpret cartographic and other visualisations in different media 2. Be aware of geographic information and its representation through GI and GIS. 3. Visually communicate geographic information 4. Describe and use examples of GI applications in daily life and in society
  33. 33. Ten geospatial thinking competences proposed: 5. Use (freely available) GI interfaces 6. Carry out own (primary) data capture 7. Be able to identify and evaluate (secondary) data 8. Examine interrelationships 9. Synthesise meaning from analysis 10.Reflect and act with knowledge Geospatial thinking
  34. 34. How to empower youth to become engaged & make an impact on EU youth policy? http://www.youthmetre.eu Professor Karl Donert, President EUROGEO
  35. 35. http://eryica.org/page/principles-online-youth-information
  36. 36. Data & Policy Making • better-informed evidence-based policy decisions • collective decision-making processes • understanding what is relevant to the public • monitor and assess the policy effectiveness • complex skills required • public need to take control of their own data
  37. 37. http://youthmetre.eu/youthmetre/
  38. 38. Wanting to set up own business, but not able to
  39. 39. Temporary contracts
  40. 40. • spatial technology a critical tool for identifying and addressing key societal challenges • geospatially-driven smart communities • cities that will change the way we live • GIS an evidence-based tool for decision-making Directions Magazine https://t.co/dTy7r6EJdW
  41. 41. Smart Navigable Cities • Forecast rapid urban growth • Challenges of urban mobility • Security and privacy issues • Citizens need data and information literacy • Only as ‘smart’ as the people operating the cities
  42. 42. • “urban geo-data gap” • challenge to keep up with population growth and land expansion / change • Global Platform for Sustainable Cities (GPSC) • satellite-based approaches • HABITAT III
  43. 43. GeoCapabilities What sort of geo-education: • develops knowledge that empowers individuals to identify, select and make informed, defensible choices about how to live (for the best) • is based on participation, citizenship and sustainability? http://www.geocapabilities.org
  44. 44. GIS in Schools https://blogs.esri.com/esri/esri-insider/2016/12/01/esri-pledges-to-help-boost-digital-skills-in-europe/
  45. 45. University Education 2017 School Education 2017 Geospatial sector 2017 Where is Geospatial Education in Europe 2017? State of GIS: enabling a Digital Europe
  46. 46. Enabling Geospatial In Europe: some recommendations • Common public message – media – investment = valuation of the sector • Long-term commitment …… from stakeholders • Education a priority (including research) • EC engagement on skills, qualifications • Funding ….. support from industry/EC “What happens if we don’t develop geospatial education ?”
  47. 47. Karl Donert eurogeomail@yahoo.co.uk @karldonert

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