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Estimation of the costs of work-related injuries and diseases in five countries

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10th International Conference on the Prevention of Accidents at Work 2019

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Estimation of the costs of work-related injuries and diseases in five countries

  1. 1. Safety and health at work is everyone’s concern. It’s good for you. It’s good for business. Estimation of the costs of work-related injuries and diseases in five countries WOS 2019, Wien Dietmar Elsler, Prevention and Research Unit, EU-OSHA
  2. 2. 2 http://osha.europa.eu Background of EU-OSHA activity on costs and benefits of OSH  Strategic background • Europe 2020 Strategy: More and better jobs • European Commission Strategic Framework on Health and Safety at Work 2014-2020 • EU-OSHA Multi Annual Strategic Programme 2014-2020  Objectives • Provide policy makers with relevant information on the economic impact of poor or non-OSH at macro level. • Highlight contribution of OSH to improving productivity and competitiveness and thus increase the OSH motivation of enterprises • Raise awareness about the costs of non-OSH among policy makers outside the field of OSH.
  3. 3. 3 http://osha.europa.eu Global estimate 2017: global 3.9 % and EU28 3.3% of GDP
  4. 4. 4 http://osha.europa.eu Mortality: deaths resulting from work-related injury and illness (number of fatalities) https://visualisation.osha.europa.eu/osh-costs#!/
  5. 5. 5 http://osha.europa.eu EU estimates – Analysis by illnesses Main work-related illnesses and DALY (Years of life lost and lived with disability) per 100,000 workers (EU28 + Iceland and Norway)
  6. 6. 6 http://osha.europa.eu Cancer is the biggest killer with most fatal cases per year in EU28, followed by Circulatory illnesses. Also, Cancer has the highest DALY (Years of Life Lost or Years lived with Disability) Main work-related illnesses and injuries resulting in death and in DALY
  7. 7. 7 http://osha.europa.eu Cost estimation 2019 – % of GDP by country (without intangible costs) Poland 5.0% GDP Germany 2.7% GDP Finland 2.3% GDP The Netherlands 2.7% GDP Italy 4.0% GDP Country GDP Total Cost (In million) Finland 2.3% € 4,846 Germany 2.7% € 81,572 The Netherlands 2.7% € 18,605 Italy 4.0% € 67,452 Poland 5.0% € 21,470
  8. 8. 8 http://osha.europa.eu Cost estimation 2019 – costs by stakeholder 63% 61% 73% 67% 79% 22% 20% 15% 20% 11% 15% 19% 13% 13% 10% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Finland Germany Netherland Italy Poland Worker Employer Society
  9. 9. 9 http://osha.europa.eu Cost estimation 2019 - definition of cost categories Direct costs • Healthcare costs (society/insurer) • Overhead costs (society/insurer) • Informal care giving (worker/family) • Out of pocket costs healthcare products (worker/family) Indirect costs • Wages and Salaries (worker, society) • Payroll/fringe benefits (worker/family) • Employer adjustment costs (employer) • Insurance administration costs (society/insurer) • Home production losses (worker/family) • Presenteeism (employer) Intangible costs • Monetary value of Quality Adjusted Life Years (worker/family)
  10. 10. 10 http://osha.europa.eu Bottom-up model – type of costs by country Finland Direct cost Indirect cost Intangible cost Germany Direct cost Indirect cost Intangible cost The Netherlands Direct cost Indirect cost Intangible cost Italy Direct cost Indirect cost Intangible cost Poland Direct cost Indirect cost Intangible cost
  11. 11. 11 http://osha.europa.eu Bottom-up model – per case and per employed person €2,479.00 €2,664.00 €2,855.00 €4,667.00 €2,722.00 €0 €500 €1,000 €1,500 €2,000 €2,500 €3,000 €3,500 €4,000 €4,500 €5,000 Per employed person
  12. 12. 12 http://osha.europa.eu Conclusions  The cost to society is significant for the EU EURO 476 billion, 3,3% of GDP  The main cost driver is work-related cancer, followed by MSDs  Workers and their families have the highest burden of all stakeholders  Promote positive business case for OSH at •Enterprise level •Society level
  13. 13. 13 http://osha.europa.eu Dr. Dietmar Elsler Project Manager European Agency for Safety and Health at Work http://osha.europa.eu/ E-mail: elsler@osha.europa.eu

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