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The introduction of learning in creativity

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Topic 1

  1. 1. Developing Your Creative Skills Topic 1: General Methodology (I) Semester 2 (May – Aug 2010) Prepared by: Ms. Eunice Ooi
  2. 2. Definition of Learning <ul><li>To acquire knowledge of or skill in by study, instruction, or experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to learn french; to learn to ski </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To become informed of or acquainted with; ascertain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to learn the truth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To memorize </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He learned the poem so he could recite it at the dinner </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To gain (a habit, mannerism, etc.) by experience, exposure to example, or the like; acquire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She learned patience from her father. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>1. Purposeful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning is an individual process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Result of experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The student can learn only from personal experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A person's knowledge is a result of experience, and no two people have had identical experiences. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even when observing the same event, two people react differently; they learn different things from it, according to the manner in which the situation affects their individual needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Previous experience conditions a person to respond to some things and to ignore others </li></ul></ul>Four Characteristics of Learning
  4. 4. Four Characteristics of Learning <ul><li>3. Multifaceted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students may learn much more than expected if they fully exercise their minds and feelings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning process may include verbal elements, conceptual elements, perceptual elements, emotional elements, and problem solving elements all taking place at once. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>While learning the subject at hand, students may be learning other thins as well </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Four Characteristics of Learning <ul><li>4. Active process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All learning is by experience, but learning takes place in different forms and in varying degrees of richness and depth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It require handwork, experience, and alert in learning process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People do not learn in sleeping and passive mod </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Teaching to Learning Styles <ul><li>Auditory Learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Able to recall what they hear and will prefer oral instructions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They learn by listening and speaking . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These enjoy talking and interviewing . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are phonetic readers who enjoy oral reading, choral reading, and listening to recorded books. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They learn best by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>interviewing, debating </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>participating on a panel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>giving oral reports </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>participating in oral discussions of written material </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Teaching to Learning Styles <ul><li>Visual Learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Able to recall what they see and will prefer written instructions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are sight readers who enjoy reading silently . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They learn best by : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>computer graphics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>maps, graphs, charts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cartoons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>posters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>diagrams </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>graphic organizers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>text with a lot of pictures </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Teaching to Learning Styles <ul><li>Tactile Learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn best by touching. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They understand directions that they write and will learn best through manipulatives . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try using the Language Experience Approach (LEA) when teaching these students to read. These students will also benefit from whole language approaches to reading. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They learn best by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>drawing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>playing board games </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>making dioramas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>making models </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>following instructions to make something </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Teaching to Learning Styles <ul><li>Kinesthetic Learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also learn by touching or manipulating objects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to involve their whole body in learning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember material best if they act it out. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They learn best by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>playing games that involve their whole body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>movement activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>making models </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>following instructions to make something </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>setting up experiments </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Teaching to Learning Styles <ul><li>Global Learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They are spontaneous and intuitive. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not like to be bored. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information needs to be presented in an interesting manner using attractive materials. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperative learning strategies and holistic reading methods work well with these learners. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They learn best by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>choral reading </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>recorded books </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>story writing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>computer programs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>games </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>group activities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Teaching to Learning Styles <ul><li>Analytic Learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan and organize their work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on details and are logical. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are phonetic readers and prefer to work individually on activity sheets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperative learning strategies and holistic reading methods work well with these learners. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They learn best when: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>information is presented in sequential steps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>lessons are structured and teacher-directed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>goals are clear </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>requirements are spelled out </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Class Activities <ul><li>Give FIVE (5) examples of activities which will be benefiting students of EACH of the different learning styles. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Learning Style Inventory <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>