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Analyzing the Learning Potentialof Informal Learning Websites with              Emerging Technology              Anyone ca...
Background: Extreme learning?We are living in an age of open education where anyone can now learnanything from anyone else...
Methodology                                                             Locating WebsitesDeveloping of Coding scheme      ...
Extreme Learning CodingScheme         Criteria                                               DefinitionContent Richness   ...
Findings Average Web Site Rating According to Criteria and Category                              Category Average         ...
Findings                           Category Comparison in Each Criteria5.004.003.002.001.00       1.Content   2.Functional...
Findings: 1. Language Learning The average score of language category (2.89) In language education websites, the highest...
Livemocha: http://www.livemocha.com                                      Connection with People                  Home     ...
Chinese Pod: http://chinesepod.com                                        Mobile Support                  Home            ...
BBC Learning English:http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish                                                    ...
Findings: 2.Outdoor / Adventure Learning The average score of Outdoor / Adventure Learning  category: 3.01/5.0 The highe...
Earthducation: http://lt.umn.edu/earthducation                                                   Field Update             ...
Jon Bowermaster :http://www.jonbowermaster.com                                Blog                         Home           ...
Findings: 3. Social Change / Global Learning The average score of Social Change/Global  learning: 2.96/5.0 The highest s...
iCivics: http://www.icivics.org                                   Social Games                       Home                 ...
Findings: 4. Virtual Education The average score of Virtual Education category:  3.15/5.0 The highest score: potential f...
Khan Academy:   http://www.khanacademy.org                                             Assessment            Home         ...
MIT Open Courseware:http://ocw.mit.edu                            Video Lecture                     Home                  ...
Open Yale Courses:http://open.yale.edu                               Video Lectures                       Home            ...
Findings: 5. Learning portal The average score of Learning Portal: 2.76/5.0 The highest score: the content richness (3.1...
MERLOT: http://www.merlot.org                                Learning Materials                  Home                     ...
Findings: 6. Shared online video The average score of Shared Online Video category:  3.25/5.0 The highest score: the fun...
Academic Earth: http://academicearth.org/                                            Sorted by Subject                    ...
Discovery News Videos:http://news.discovery.com/videos/                                    Sorted by Subject              ...
Q&A      Thank you!                           Contact information      Abdullah Altuwaijri: aaltuwai@indiana.edu          ...
Reference​Bonk, C. J. (2009). The world is open: How Web technology is revolutionizing education. San Francisco, CA: Josse...
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  1. 1. Analyzing the Learning Potentialof Informal Learning Websites with Emerging Technology Anyone can learn anywhere at anytime Abdullah Altuwaijri, Indiana University Minkyoung Kim, Indiana University Eulho Jung, Indiana University Yurong Wang, Indiana University
  2. 2. Background: Extreme learning?We are living in an age of open education where anyone can now learnanything from anyone else at any time (Bonk, 2009) Informal and non-traditional learning exploring how people learn or teach with technology outside of traditional educational settings A wide range of disciplines: Adventure Learning, Virtual Education, Social Change, Global Learning, and Language Learning Today, there is much educational hope and opportunity on the Web to personalize and individualize learning on a moment-to-moment basis
  3. 3. Methodology Locating WebsitesDeveloping of Coding scheme Under Five Categories: 305(1) content richness (1) Language Learning: 63(2) the functionality of the technology (2) Outdoor/adventure(3) the extent of technology integration learning: 51(4) the novelty of the technology (3) Social change/global learning: 57(5) the uniqueness of the learning environment/learning (4) Virtual education: 57(6) the potential for learning (5) Learning Portals: 38(7) the potential for being life changing and (6) Shared Online Video: 39(8) the scalability of the audience Evaluating the identified websites Ratings were made on each Web site based on the eight criteria using a 5- point Likert scale (1 is low; 5 is high).
  4. 4. Extreme Learning CodingScheme Criteria DefinitionContent Richness This criterion deals with how much information the Website, resource, or project contains on the topic chosen, how adequately it fulfills the purpose of learning, and whether the information is credible and up-to-date or not.Functionality of This criterion deals with the ease of access, navigation, and use of the Website,Technology resource, or project and whether it contains effective and appropriately employed technology to serve the stated learning purpose.Extent of Technology This criterion deals with the range, amount, and types of technologies employedIntegration including issues of interaction, collaboration, and information collection, contribution, and community through such technology.Novelty of Technology This criterion deals with whether the Website, resource, or project contains emerging, unusual, or novel technologies.Uniqueness of Learning The Website, resource, or project serves the purpose of learning in a non-Environment / Learning traditional, unique, or extreme learning environment, which is highly different from traditional classroom settings.Potential for Learning This criterion deals with whether the Website, resource, or project enables and provides learning activities or learning opportunities for the target audience to achieve the intended learning goals.Potential for Life This criterion deals with whether the Website, resource, or project influences orChanging improves the quality of life and extends or changes the perspective of the world for the intended audience.Scalability of Audience This criterion deals with the potential impact of the Website, resource, or project including the possibility to broaden the size and scope of its potential intended audience.
  5. 5. Findings Average Web Site Rating According to Criteria and Category Category Average 5.00 4.00 3.15 3.25 2.89 3.01 2.68 2.76 3.00 2.00 1.00
  6. 6. Findings Category Comparison in Each Criteria5.004.003.002.001.00 1.Content 2.Functionality 3.Extent of 4.Novelty of 5.Uniqueness 6.Potential for 7.Potential for 8.Scalability of Richness of Technology Technology Technology of Learning Learning Life Changing Audience Integration Environment / Learning Language Outdoor / Environ. / Adventure SC / Global Virtual Education Learning Portals Shared Online Video
  7. 7. Findings: 1. Language Learning The average score of language category (2.89) In language education websites, the highest score on potential for learning (3.1) The lowest score was on potential for life changing (2.63) 4 coolest sites: BBC Learning English, Chinese Pod, Englishpod, Live Mocha
  8. 8. Livemocha: http://www.livemocha.com Connection with People Home Lessons
  9. 9. Chinese Pod: http://chinesepod.com Mobile Support Home Various Tool Supports
  10. 10. BBC Learning English:http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish Topics from Everyday Life Home Assessment Tool
  11. 11. Findings: 2.Outdoor / Adventure Learning The average score of Outdoor / Adventure Learning category: 3.01/5.0 The highest score: Uniqueness of the learning environment/learning (3.65) The lowest score was novelty of technology (2.57) Four coolest sites: Earthducation, Explore, Jon Bowermaster, Nautilus Live
  12. 12. Earthducation: http://lt.umn.edu/earthducation Field Update Home Focused on Real Issue
  13. 13. Jon Bowermaster :http://www.jonbowermaster.com Blog Home Videos
  14. 14. Findings: 3. Social Change / Global Learning The average score of Social Change/Global learning: 2.96/5.0 The highest score: potential for life changing (2.93) One coolest site: iCivics
  15. 15. iCivics: http://www.icivics.org Social Games Home Resources for teachers
  16. 16. Findings: 4. Virtual Education The average score of Virtual Education category: 3.15/5.0 The highest score: potential for learning (3.39) The lowest score was on novelty of technology (2.82) Nine coolest websites: Ed Tech talk, Florida Virtual School, John Hopkins OpenCourseWare, Khan Academy, MIT OpenCourseWare, MIT OpenCourseWare Highlights for High School, NASA for Educators, Open University UK-OPenLearn, Smithsonian.
  17. 17. Khan Academy: http://www.khanacademy.org Assessment Home Lessons
  18. 18. MIT Open Courseware:http://ocw.mit.edu Video Lecture Home Assignments
  19. 19. Open Yale Courses:http://open.yale.edu Video Lectures Home Downloadable Resources
  20. 20. Findings: 5. Learning portal The average score of Learning Portal: 2.76/5.0 The highest score: the content richness (3.19) The lowest score was on novelty of technology (2.49) The coolest website: MERLOT
  21. 21. MERLOT: http://www.merlot.org Learning Materials Home Community of Interest
  22. 22. Findings: 6. Shared online video The average score of Shared Online Video category: 3.25/5.0 The highest score: the functionality of technology (3.41) The lowest score was on novelty of technology (3.00) Six coolest websites: Academic Earth, Discovery News Video, Explo.tv, Link TV, National Geographic Education, Wonder How To Videos.
  23. 23. Academic Earth: http://academicearth.org/ Sorted by Subject Home Involved Universities
  24. 24. Discovery News Videos:http://news.discovery.com/videos/ Sorted by Subject Home Involved Universities
  25. 25. Q&A Thank you! Contact information Abdullah Altuwaijri: aaltuwai@indiana.edu Minkyoung Kim: kimmink@indiana.edu Eulho Jung: euljung@indiana.edu Yurong Wang: yurwang@indiana.edu
  26. 26. Reference​Bonk, C. J. (2009). The world is open: How Web technology is revolutionizing education. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Bonk, C. J., Kirkley, J., Hara, N., & Dennen, V. (2000, April). Advances in pedagogy: Finding the instructor in post-secondary online learning. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational ResearchAssociation, New Orleans, LA.Iiyoshi, T., & Kumar, M. S. V. (2008). Opening up education: The collective advancement of education through opentechnology, open content, and open knowledge. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Kong, K. (2009). A comparison of the linguistic and interactional features of language learning websites andtextbooks. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 22(1), 31-55.Kartal, E., & Uzun, L. (2010). The Internet, language learning, and international dialogue: Constructing onlineforeign language learning websites. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 11(2), 90-107. Veletsianos, G., & Klanthous, I. (2009). A review of adventure learning. International Review of Research in Openand Distance Learning, 10(6), 84-105.Warschauer, M., & Kern, R. (eds.) (2000). Network-based language teaching: Concepts and practice.Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.​Zaidel, M., & Luo, X. (2010). Effectiveness of multimedia elements in computer supported instruction: Analysis of personalization effects, students performances and costs. Journal of College Teaching & Learning, 7(2), 11-16.

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