The Russian Consonant Sounds

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Reading Rules for the Russian consonants.

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The Russian Consonant Sounds

  1. 1. Russian Consonant Sounds by Eugenia Vlasova http://properrussian.com
  2. 2. The Russian consonant sounds can be voiced or voiceless, hard or soft
  3. 3. Russian Consonant Sounds Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless Б В Г Д Ж З Л М Н Р Б' В' Г' Д' З' Й Л' М' Н' Р' К П С Т Ф Х Ц Ш К' П' С' Т' Ф' Х' Ч Щ
  4. 4. Paired consonants Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ББ' ПП'
  5. 5. Paired consonants Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ВВ' ФФ'
  6. 6. Paired consonants Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ГГ' КК'
  7. 7. Paired consonants Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ДД' ТТ'
  8. 8. Paired consonants Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ЗЗ' СС'
  9. 9. Always Hard Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless Ж— Ш—
  10. 10. Always Hard and Voiceless Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless —— Ц—
  11. 11. Always Soft and Voiced Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless —Й ——
  12. 12. Always Voiceless Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless —— ХХ'
  13. 13. Always Soft and Voiceless Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless —— —Ч
  14. 14. No Voiceless pairs Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ЛЛ' ——
  15. 15. No Voiceless pairs Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ММ' ——
  16. 16. No Voiceless pairs Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless НН' ——
  17. 17. No Voiceless pairs Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless РР' ——
  18. 18. Reading Rules A character represents a soft consonant sound if it is followed by any of these letters: Ь, И, Е, Ё, Ю, Я
  19. 19. Reading Rules otherwise, the character represents a hard consonant sound
  20. 20. Reading Rules Ж, Ш, Ц are always hard
  21. 21. Reading Rules Щand Ч are always soft
  22. 22. Reading Rules A voiced consonant turns into a voiceless one when: ● is the last letter of a word ● is followed by a voiceless consonant
  23. 23. Thank you For more information, visit http://properrussian.com

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