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Russian Alphabet


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Learn the Russian alphabet easy.

Russian Alphabet

  1. 1. Russian Alphabet Learning Russian Characters
  2. 2. А К Х Б Л Ц В М Ч Г Н Ш Д О Щ Е П Ъ Ё Р Ы Ж С Ь З Т Э И У Ю Й Ф Я Russian Characters look weird
  3. 3. But not all Russian characters are unfamiliar to you! The Russian alphabet has a whole six letters which are the same in the English alphabet. A E K M O T
  4. 4. A looks and sounds like A in English A is like a in father Анастасия, великая княжна (Anastasia, Grand Duchess) – the youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. A protagonist of animated musical film Anastasia
  5. 5. E looks and sounds like E in English E is like ye in yet or let Ельцин, Борис (Yeltsin, Boris) – the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999. (source:
  6. 6. K looks and sounds like K in English К is like k in kitten Киев (Kiev) — the capital and the largest city of Ukraine (photo by Elke Wetzig)
  7. 7. M looks and sounds like M in English M is like m in mom Москва (Moscow) is the capital and the most populous city of Russia. Photo by villamon os/villamon/
  8. 8. O looks and sounds like O in English O is like o in holly Ольга (Saint Olga) was a ruler of Kievan Rus as a regent (945-c. 963) for her son, Svyatoslav.
  9. 9. T looks and sounds like T in English T is like t in top Толсто́й, Лeв Никола́евич (Tolstoy, Leo) — a Russian writer
  10. 10. Same sound — different character Some characters look funny, but you already know sounds that they represent!
  11. 11. Б is like B Б is like b in boy Блины (Bliny) — pancakes. Blini are thicker pancakes made from wheat flour, butter, eggs, milk, and yeast added to the batter. Photo by Andrei Zmievski, andreiz/
  12. 12. Г is like G Г is like G like Google Горбачёв, Михаил Сергеевич (Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeyevich) — the last head of state of the USSR, serving from 1988 until its collapse in 1991 Photo by Вени Марковски
  13. 13. З is like Z З is like z in zoo Зебра (Zebra) — Zebras are African equids best known for their distinctive black and white stripes. Photo by Crazy Souza, caochopp/
  14. 14. И is like I (ee) И is like i in little or ee in feel Индия (India) — a country in South Asia that shares an extensive economic, defence and technological relationship with Russia Photo by Dave dwrawlinson e/dave_raw_lin_son/
  15. 15. Й is like y Й is like y in yes Йод (Iodine) — a chemical element widely used in Russia in first aid kit as a disinfectant
  16. 16. Л is like L Л is like l in lamp Ленин, Владимир (Lenin, Vladimir) — a Russian Marxist revolutionary and communist politician who led the October Revolution of 1917.
  17. 17. П is like P П is like p in pizza Пирожки (Pirozhki) — generic word for individual-sized baked or fried buns stuffed with a variety of fillings.
  18. 18. Ф is like F Ф is like f in finish Фаберже, Карл (Fabergé, Peter Carl) — a Russian jeweller, best known for the famous Fabergé eggs. Photo by José Antonio Alonso /fotoblasete/
  19. 19. Same character — different sound Some characters look familiar, but have different sounds. They may be confusing!
  20. 20. В is like V В is like v in victory Водка (Vodka) — a distilled beverage and one of the world's most popular liquors. Photo by maksskam /maksskam/
  21. 21. Д is like D Д is like d in daughter Достоевский (Dostoyevsky) — a famous Russian novelist Portrait of Dostoyevsky by Vassily Perov
  22. 22. С is like S С is like S in Sun Спутник (Sputnik) — the first Earth-orbiting artificial satellite.
  23. 23. H is like N ● H is like n in now Николай II (Nicholas II) — the last Emperor of Russia
  24. 24. Р is like R Р is like r in red Россия (Russia) — the largest country in the world, covering more than a ninth of the Earth's land area.
  25. 25. У is like U (OO) У is like u is super or oo in look Уланова, Галина (Ulánova, Galina) — frequently cited as being one of the greatest 20th Century ballerinas.
  26. 26. Х is like Kh Х is like ch in Bach (German) Хачатурян, Арам (Khachaturian, Aram) — a Soviet-Armenian composer, his most famous composition is the "Sabre Dance" Photo by Rita Willaert
  27. 27. Unique Russian Characters The rest are specific Russian characters for unique Russian sounds
  28. 28. Ё is like Yo Ё is like yo in York Ёжик в тумане (Yozhik v tumane, Hedgehog in the Fog) — a 1975 Soviet/Russian animated film directed by Yuriy Norshteyn, one of the most popular animations in Russia.
  29. 29. Ж is like Zh Ж is like -sure in pleasure Живаго (Zhivago) — Doctor Zhivago is a 20th century novel by Boris Pasternak.
  30. 30. Ц is like Ts Ц is like ts in cats Царь (Tsar) — a title used in Russia to designate monarchs.
  31. 31. Ч is like Ch Ч is like ch in child Чехов, Антон (Chekhov, Anton) — a Russian short-story writer, playwright and physician, considered to be one of the greatest short-story writers in the history of world literature.
  32. 32. Ш is like Sh Ш is like sh in shut Шаляпин, Фёдор (Shalyapin, Fyodor) — opera singer known for his full-bodied, resonant bass, and expressive vocal ability.
  33. 33. Щ is like Shch Щ is like shch in fresh cheese Щи (Shchi) — a Russian soup with cabbage as the main ingredient.
  34. 34. Ы is like... There's no equivalent for Ы in English. Even if you try to extensively intonate an "i" sound, it might end up sounding like something / like some mutation close to "Ы." There are no words that begin with "Ы" in Russian.
  35. 35. Э is like E Э is like e in pet Эрмитаж (Hermitage) — a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia. One of the largest and oldest museums of the world photo by e/pierlux/
  36. 36. Ю is like Yu Ю is like u in unit Юрий (Yuri) — a common name given to men, equivalent to "George". Famous people: Yuri Gagarin, the first human being in space source:
  37. 37. Я is like Ya Я is like ya in yacht Ялта (Yalta) — a city in Crimea, southern Ukraine, where a wartime meeting between the heads of state from the US, UK, and USSR took place in 1945
  38. 38. Ъ and Ь are mute The last two characters are silent. ● Ъ is a hard sign ● Ь is a soft sign They indicate whether a preceding consonant is hard or soft.
  39. 39. Russian Alphabet А а [ah] К к [k] Х х [kh] Б б [b] Л л [l] Ц ц [ts] В в [v] М м [m] Ч ч [ch] Г г [g] Н н [n] Ш ш [sh] Д д [d] О о [o] Щ щ [chsh] Е е [e] П п [p] ъ [-] Ё ё [yo] Р р [r] ы [yi] Ж ж [zh] С с [s] ь [-] З з [z] Т т [t] Э э [eh] И и [i:] У у [u:] Ю ю [yu] Й й [y] Ф ф [f] Я я [ya]