Socio-Economic Environment in the Rural Areas of the Caribbean  Presentation to ACP-EU Meeting  Brussels July 4,  2007 Al ...
The Agricultural Sector in the Caribbean
Agricultural Contribution <ul><li>Less than 10 per cent of their GDP from the agriculture sector but similar to most SIDS,...
Current Situation - 1 <ul><li>Declining quality of life in the majority of  cases  - especially for agricultural household...
Current Situation - 2 <ul><li>- increasing environmental degradation  - especially soil erosion and loss of  Biodiversity ...
Causes for Decline -1 <ul><li>Globalization  -- loss of preferential markets for traditional commodities and failure to de...
Sugar prices versus Oil prices 1960 – 2005   Source  : Secrétariat de la CNUCED
Causes for Decline  - 2 <ul><li>National Government support to Agriculture  </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Subsidies of th...
Causes for Decline  - 3
The End Result  <ul><li>This has resulted in a decline in growth from 1.3 percent in the period  1970 through 1980 to nega...
Reversing The Current Situation -1 <ul><li>New paradigm for rural development that give priority to value added rather tha...
Reversing the Current Situation - 2 <ul><li>Increased support for education – changes in the HDR policy of some OECD count...
SIDS Rural Development Issues Population Issues Energy Issue Environment Issue Food Issue Water Issue 21st  Century
<ul><li>Thank You  </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Socio-Economic Environment in the Rural Areas of the Caribbean

3,980 views

Published on

By Al Binger, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre
Brussels, 4 July 2007

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,980
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
34
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
67
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Socio-Economic Environment in the Rural Areas of the Caribbean

  1. 1. Socio-Economic Environment in the Rural Areas of the Caribbean Presentation to ACP-EU Meeting Brussels July 4, 2007 Al Binger Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre
  2. 2. The Agricultural Sector in the Caribbean
  3. 3. Agricultural Contribution <ul><li>Less than 10 per cent of their GDP from the agriculture sector but similar to most SIDS, approximately 31 per cent of employment. Agriculture GDP, in fiscal 2005, fell slightly to US$803 million (from US$807.7 the previous year). Agriculture, in general, and sugar in particular, is important in the economies in the region. Based on the proportion of the population in agriculture, Haiti is the most agrarian with 62 per cent. </li></ul><ul><li>The least agrarian populations are found in Barbados (4 per cent) and Trinidad and Tobago (9 per cent). Countries with intermediate agricultural populations are Cuba (16 per cent), Dominican Republic (17 per cent), Jamaica (20 per cent) and St. Kitts and Nevis (24 per cent). The contribution of the agricultural sector to GDP is largest in Haiti (29 per cent), the Dominican Republic (11 per cent), roughly 6 per cent (in Barbados, Cuba, and Jamaica), and only 1 per cent in Trinidad and Tobago </li></ul>
  4. 4. Current Situation - 1 <ul><li>Declining quality of life in the majority of cases - especially for agricultural households reflected in: </li></ul><ul><li>- declining ability for households to educate children, afford heath care </li></ul><ul><li>- large numbers of rural communities are still without potable water </li></ul><ul><li>- very poor road infrastructure – resulting in expense transportation cost </li></ul>
  5. 5. Current Situation - 2 <ul><li>- increasing environmental degradation - especially soil erosion and loss of Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>- High levels of un- under-employment </li></ul><ul><li>- increased in criminal activity </li></ul><ul><li>- poor attitude of the Youths </li></ul><ul><li>- increasing pregnancy of among young female </li></ul>
  6. 6. Causes for Decline -1 <ul><li>Globalization -- loss of preferential markets for traditional commodities and failure to develop timely replacements </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing Costs of Inputs relative to agricultural products – energy, chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Decline in international assistance --more than 5) percent reduction in ODA to SIDS in the decade of the 1990’s </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sugar prices versus Oil prices 1960 – 2005 Source : Secrétariat de la CNUCED
  8. 8. Causes for Decline - 2 <ul><li>National Government support to Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Subsidies of the OECD countries </li></ul><ul><li>Changing weather systems ..a result of increased climate variability </li></ul><ul><li>Economies of Scale which result in the majority of countries being high cost producers </li></ul><ul><li>Declining Commodity Prices and international terms of trade </li></ul>
  9. 9. Causes for Decline - 3
  10. 10. The End Result <ul><li>This has resulted in a decline in growth from 1.3 percent in the period 1970 through 1980 to negative O.1 during the period 1990 to 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>The situation would be a lot worse if not for remittances – which in the case of some countries is far and away the largest source of funds. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reversing The Current Situation -1 <ul><li>New paradigm for rural development that give priority to value added rather than commodities – diversification of the rural economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Making the WTO rules support rather than hinder rural development in SIDS – cannot have the same rule for big as small economies </li></ul><ul><li>Ending agricultural subsidies that resulting in dumping over production of OECD farmers on the world market </li></ul><ul><li>Vastly improved system of Governance for SIDS – accountable, reducing corruption and political hand outs </li></ul>
  12. 12. Reversing the Current Situation - 2 <ul><li>Increased support for education – changes in the HDR policy of some OECD countries </li></ul><ul><li>Effective mechanisms for technology transfers </li></ul><ul><li>Regional rather than individual policies to guide rural development - identifying regional markets –e.g. energy </li></ul><ul><li>Increased effectiveness of ODA – less flying of the flag, and more listening .. true partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Collective action to address climate change </li></ul>
  13. 13. SIDS Rural Development Issues Population Issues Energy Issue Environment Issue Food Issue Water Issue 21st Century
  14. 14. <ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>

×