Before 2015 - during the MDGs Respecting the rights of poor countries and people


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Presentation by Salil Shetty (UN Millennium Campaign) during the High Level Policy Forum - After 2015: Promoting Pro-poor Policy after the MDGs - Brussels, 23 June 2009 -

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Before 2015 - during the MDGs Respecting the rights of poor countries and people

  1. 1. Before 2015 - during the MDGs<br />Respecting the rights of poor countries and people<br />Brussels. 23 June 2009<br />
  2. 2. Millennium Declaration Minus<br />Formulation errors: Mainly donor and state-driven<br />Conceptual errors: technocratic and does not address structural causes of poverty , ignores the ‘how” <br />Normative errors: human rights blind and Goal 8 has no targets – lacks emphasis on justice<br />Errors of omission: Regressed on gender and ignored inequality, governance/political economy issues, climate change, security and financial architecture<br />Execution errors: Perverse incentives, neglects growth & wealth creation<br />
  3. 3. 2000-2009 MDG Scorecard..…<br />The single most durable set of global development commitments by governments – withstood 9/11 and its aftermath<br />Provided a strong human development and poverty focus to all global processes – Monterrey, Paris, Accra, Doha, G8 and now G20<br />Regional bodies embrace MDGs – AU, SAARC, Asean, EU <br />Influenced national planning not only in most poor countries but also several middle income countries like Brazil and Indonesia <br />Counterpoint to Washington consensus<br />
  4. 4. 2000-9 MDG Scorecard….<br />40 countries have had their debts cancelled – big increase in poverty-focussed public expenditure<br />Aid levels have steadily increased – 30% higher than 1992 peak<br />
  5. 5. MDG Outcomes have been very significant<br />Over 300 million people come out of poverty since 2000<br /> 3 million fewer children die - total goes below 10 million per year for the first time<br />&gt; 30 million more children in school<br />2 million people living with HIV have ARV access<br />TB, malaria and access to water: big<br /> advances<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. On most Goals, over 40 developing countries are on track<br />Many very poor countries are on track on several Goals<br /><ul><li>Rwanda
  8. 8. Tanzania
  9. 9. Mali
  10. 10. Zambia
  11. 11. Mozambique
  12. 12. Ghana
  13. 13. Bangladesh
  14. 14. Nepal</li></li></ul><li>Key challenges: 2009-15<br />Economic crisis on top of food and climate crisis creates a cloud of uncertainty<br />Maternal mortality, child nutrition, environment/sanitation are lagging<br />Quality and next level issues, from aid to education<br />Get trade element of Goal 8 unstuck<br />
  15. 15. MDG Achievement – a matter of political choice<br />Total amount given as bail outs in the last year is estimated at $18 trillion – cumulative aid in the last 49 years is 1% of that<br />Total spent on arms in 2008 $1.46 trillion – aid was about $120 billion<br />Resources lost through corruption by leaders of poor countries, often colluding with western governments and corporations, and mindless wars could have more than achieved MDGs<br />
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  17. 17. October 16-18, 2009Stand Up and Take Action<br />
  18. 18. Sept 2010 MDG Review: Agreeing the 2010-15 Action Plan<br />De-aid the MDGs : this will reduce the need to project gloom and doom<br />Move the action to the local: Improve data and analysis at all levels – disaggregated, high frequency, and available in a simple form first to poor communities and local govts<br />Get serious about reporting: From local to national to global<br />
  19. 19. Sept 2010 MDG Review: Agreeing the 2010-15 Action Plan<br />Facilitate lesson learning: Where have we had the greatest successes and why? Sub-national, national and sub-regional<br />Breakthrough Strategies: Based on the above, agree plans at different levels for 2010-15<br />Sao Paolo to Shanghai: Recognise new axis of power<br />
  20. 20. MDG Progress - Poverty<br />
  21. 21. MDG Progress - Education<br />
  22. 22. MDG Progress – Child Health<br />
  23. 23. Why are these countries more on track?<br />Leadership from the top<br />Global MDGs adapted to National Goals<br />Clear Plan, Policies & Strategies<br />MDGs prioritised in the allocation of domestic and external resources in the budget<br />High focus on improving delivery mechanisms for the poor<br />
  24. 24. Why are some countries more on track?<br />e. Greater accountability and transparency at all levels – more citizen engagement<br />More media and public debate <br />International donors line up behind national priorities<br />
  25. 25. Gap between rich and poor is growing<br />