e-Research 2.0 Taking the measure of Web 2.0 in e-Research Eric T. Meyer, Lucy Power, Ralph Schroeder discussing work of t...
Overview <ul><li>Science 2.0/Open Science </li></ul><ul><li>GeoVue </li></ul><ul><li>JOVE </li></ul><ul><li>Science Bloggi...
Open Science / Science 2.0
Open Science / Science 2.0
GeoVUE Virtual London Image Source: Hudson-Smith, Digital Urban Blog at http://digitalurban.blogspot.com/2007/08/ordnance-...
GeoVUE
 
MapTube
 
 
JOVE Characteristics
Geographic Distribution
Geographic Distribution
Science Blogging
Science Blogging Scienceblogs.com Researchblogging.org Postgenomic.org 100% 335 100 135 100 # of posts 9% 31 6% 6 1% 1 24%...
The Pynchon Wiki <ul><li>A Wiki for annotating a contemporary American novel </li></ul><ul><li>A 1085 page novel is annota...
The Pynchon Wiki <ul><li>A notoriously reclusive novelist; </li></ul><ul><li>Author of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gravity’s Rai...
 
 
The Pynchon Wiki: Charting Pynchon Online Activity Anticipation Annotation And what’s next?
Weisenburger vs . the Wiki on Pynchon Comparison of book and wiki annotation efforts Annotation  Size  (no. of words)  Ent...
The Pynchon Wiki: Wiki Edits over Time
The Pynchon Wiki <ul><li>A race to finish the ‘detective work’ </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging amateur contribution and lear...
Science 2.0 and e-Research <ul><li>Technology affordances for generativity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generativity in this cont...
<ul><li>Ability to generate research materials towards a shared resource on the side of input  </li></ul><ul><li>Output is...
Science 2.0 and e-Research Outlook:  Benefits and Challenges <ul><li>Bottom-up driven e-Research generated by user needs <...
 
Oxford e-Social Science (OeSS)  Node of NCeSS @ Oxford Internet Institute University of Oxford Eric T. Meyer Research Fell...
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e-Research 2.0: Taking the measure of Web 2.0 in e-Research

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Paper presented at Oxford e-Research 08, Sept 11-13, 2008.

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e-Research 2.0: Taking the measure of Web 2.0 in e-Research

  1. 1. e-Research 2.0 Taking the measure of Web 2.0 in e-Research Eric T. Meyer, Lucy Power, Ralph Schroeder discussing work of the Oxford e-Social Science (OeSS) Node of NCeSS Oxford Internet Institute University of Oxford Oxford e-Social Science Project
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Science 2.0/Open Science </li></ul><ul><li>GeoVue </li></ul><ul><li>JOVE </li></ul><ul><li>Science Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>The Pynchon Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Science 2.0 and e-Research </li></ul>
  3. 3. Open Science / Science 2.0
  4. 4. Open Science / Science 2.0
  5. 5. GeoVUE Virtual London Image Source: Hudson-Smith, Digital Urban Blog at http://digitalurban.blogspot.com/2007/08/ordnance-survey-and-google-statements.html
  6. 6. GeoVUE
  7. 8. MapTube
  8. 11. JOVE Characteristics
  9. 12. Geographic Distribution
  10. 13. Geographic Distribution
  11. 14. Science Blogging
  12. 15. Science Blogging Scienceblogs.com Researchblogging.org Postgenomic.org 100% 335 100 135 100 # of posts 9% 31 6% 6 1% 1 24% 24 Photo-Multimedia 3% 9 3% 3 3% 4 2% 2 Other 14% 46 8% 8 18% 24 14% 14 Blog response 5% 17 10% 10 1% 2 5% 5 Own work 7% 23 11% 11 5% 7 5% 5 Academia 22% 73 16% 16 23% 31 26% 26 Academic 41% 136 46% 46 49% 66 24% 24 News Totals Researchblogging Postgenomic ScienceBlogs Coding
  13. 16. The Pynchon Wiki <ul><li>A Wiki for annotating a contemporary American novel </li></ul><ul><li>A 1085 page novel is annotated between November 2006 and early 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>The equivalent single author annotation in book form takes longer than a decade </li></ul><ul><li>A flexible, highly motivating, distributed collaborative effort – a model for other forms of online collaboration? </li></ul>
  14. 17. The Pynchon Wiki <ul><li>A notoriously reclusive novelist; </li></ul><ul><li>Author of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gravity’s Rainbow, annotated in book form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Against the Day, annotated in Wiki form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arcana integral to story-lines </li></ul></ul>
  15. 20. The Pynchon Wiki: Charting Pynchon Online Activity Anticipation Annotation And what’s next?
  16. 21. Weisenburger vs . the Wiki on Pynchon Comparison of book and wiki annotation efforts Annotation Size (no. of words) Entries (topical + alphabetical + page-by-page) Contibutors Book Form Annotation: Weisenburger’s Gravity’s Rainbow 162000 904 1 (22) Wiki: Against the Day 455057 120 + 1358 + 4067 235
  17. 22. The Pynchon Wiki: Wiki Edits over Time
  18. 23. The Pynchon Wiki <ul><li>A race to finish the ‘detective work’ </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging amateur contribution and learning from other contributors </li></ul><ul><li>A model for self-organized collaboration? </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Finalization’ of reference work or endless discussion? </li></ul><ul><li>Reshaping how scholarly resources are distributed, and how we collaborate </li></ul>
  19. 24. Science 2.0 and e-Research <ul><li>Technology affordances for generativity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generativity in this context includes content creation, flexible use, accessibility, ability to distribute </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutional ties are generally weakened </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing existing information and behavioural patterns or building analogues is much easier than expecting profound changes in outlook and behaviour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easier to hook into existing communities in ways they understand to make their work easier, better, faster, cooler, more accessible, more widely distributed, more measurable, more sharable, more collaborative, more community-oriented </li></ul></ul>
  20. 25. <ul><li>Ability to generate research materials towards a shared resource on the side of input </li></ul><ul><li>Output is online, accessible and open to revision or more input </li></ul><ul><li>Off-the-shelf technology is used and only informal ‘institutions’ are generated or involved </li></ul><ul><li>Contributions, technology and dissemination are thus bottom-up and ‘open’, including outside academia </li></ul>Science 2.0 and e-Research
  21. 26. Science 2.0 and e-Research Outlook: Benefits and Challenges <ul><li>Bottom-up driven e-Research generated by user needs </li></ul><ul><li>Large-scale involvement by research communities, including non-academics </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Open’ research, harnessing the ‘wealth of networks’ (user-generated content) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of recognition for tool development and contributions to resources </li></ul><ul><li>Blurring boundaries between science and non-science and lack of quality control </li></ul><ul><li>Diffuseness of ‘research’, visibility in the midst of attention deluge </li></ul>
  22. 28. Oxford e-Social Science (OeSS) Node of NCeSS @ Oxford Internet Institute University of Oxford Eric T. Meyer Research Fellow [email_address] http://people.oii.ox.ac.uk/meyer Lucy Power DPhil Student [email_address] http://people.oii.ox.ac.uk/power/ Ralph Schroeder James Martin Research Fellow [email_address] http://people.oii.ox.ac.uk/schroeder Oxford e-Social Science Project

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