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Hw questions taxes


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Hw questions taxes

  1. 1. Name_________________________________ Date__________ Homework questions: Pages 167 – 170. 1. Why did Prime Minister Grenville ask Parliament to tax the colonies? To pay for war debt. French and Indian War and for standing army in the ORV. 2. What was the Sugar Act and how was it different than other duties or taxes? A tax on molasses and sugar imported by the colonies. Passed to raise maoney rather than to control trade.3. How did parliament make life more difficult for the colonists? Colonists couldn’t print their own money. British courts had more power and no juries. 4. What did James Otis and Samuel Adams say about taxation? “No taxation without representation”. Colonists can’t be taxed without consent. 5. How does Grenville respond to complaints about the Sugar Act and why does he think it is fair? Grenville repeals the Sugar Act and replaces it with the Stamp Act – a tax on paper (legal documents, newspapers, etc.). Thought fair because British citizens paid similar taxes in England. This was a direct tax. 6. What were the series of resolutions that Patrick Henry presented to the House of Burgesses in Virginia? The Stamp Act violated the rights of colonists as British citizens as did no trial by jury. 7. What was the Stamp Act congress? What did it ask Parliament to do? Was it successful? The Congress was when delegates from 9 colonies met in NY and asked Parliament to repeal the Stamp Act because it violated rights and liberties. Colonists boycott until it is repealed. 8. Describe Parliament’s response to the repealing of the Stamp Act. Parliament and the King issue the Declaratory Act – Parliament made the rules, not the colonists!
  2. 2. Name ______________________________________ Homework questions: Pages 171 – 175. 1. The Townsend Acts placed taxes on which items? What did these taxes violate? Placed taxes on glass, lead, paint, paper and tea. It was a violation because it was paying for a standing army in peacetime. 2. Describe how Britain enforced these acts. Writs of Assistance were given to tax collectors which were blank search warrants used to look for smuggled goods. 3. How did the colonists respond to the Townsend Acts? Colonists respond by boycotting, protesting, attacking tax collectors – tar and feathering. 4. Describe why British soldiers arrived in Boston in October 1768. To restore order between colonists and tax collectors and to quiet riots and protests. 5. What did colonists believe was the reason why the British sent troops? British sent troops to silence the colonists from protesting against the government. 6. Describe what happened on March 5, 1770. The Boston Massacre. Colonists and soldiers break out into a fight, several colonists are killed. Colonists successfully use it as propaganda to get people to turn against the king. 7. What did Parliament do to reduce tensions in the colonies? Repeals all of the Townshend Acts (taxes) except for the tax on tea. 8. Why did colonists have fear and worry after the tea Act was passed in 1773? They thought the British East India Company would gain a monopoly on tea and put the colonial tea merchants out of business with their cheap prices. 9. Describe how the colonists protested the tax on tea. By dumping the tea into the Boston harbor - The Boston tea Party 10. How did Parliament punish Massachusetts? Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts.
  3. 3. 11. What were the five effects of the Intolerable Acts? The five effects were: • • • • • Closed Boston harbor Boston’s charter cancelled (right to self gov’t) Had to travel to Britain for trials King appoints General Gage as the governor of Boston Allowed quartering of troops in all British colonies 12. What did the British hope these Acts would do? The British hoped that it would bring back order to make Massachusetts an example.