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  1. 1.  Wildlife includes all non-domesticated plants, animals and other organisms.  Domesticating wild plant and animal species for human benefit has occurred many times all.  This has effects are all over the planet, and has a major impact on the environment, both positive and negative
  2. 2.  Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems.  Deserts, rain forests, plains, and other areas including the most developed urban sites, all have distinct forms of wildlife.  But today most of the wildlife around the world is affected by human activities  This has been a reason for debate throughout recorded history. BACK TO HOME
  3. 3.  Wildlife of India is a mix of species of diverse origins.  The regions rich and diverse wildlife is preserved in numerous national parks and wildlife sanctuaries across the country.  Since India is home to a number of rare and threatened animal species, wildlife management in the country is essential to preserve these species.
  4. 4.  According to one study, India along with mega diverse countries and is home to about 60-70% of the world’s biodiversity.  India, lying within the Indomalaya ecozone, is home to about 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of avian, 6.2% of reptilian, and 6.0% of flowering plant species.
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  6. 6.  The need for conservation of wildlife in India is often questioned because of the apparently incorrect priority in the face of direct poverty of the people.  Many rare species of animals that are only found in India are getting extinct day by day.  Examples are Bengal tigers, Asiatic lions found in India, many species of reptiles etc
  7. 7.  Wildlife Protection Act The Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 refers to as weeping package of legislation enacted in 1972 by the Government of India.  The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters connected there with or ancillary or incidental thereto.  The act came in action in 1972 , and thereafter increased the protection of wildlife to higher level BACK TO HOME
  8. 8.  The framework was then setup to formulate a project for tiger conservation with an ecological approach.  Launched on April 1, 1973, Project Tiger has become one of the most successful conservation ventures in modern history.  The project aims at tiger conservation in specially constituted tiger reserves which are representative of various bio-geographical regions falling within India.  Today, there are 39 Project Tiger wildlife reserves in India covering an area more than of 37,761 km². BACK TO HOME
  9. 9.  Sunderbans  Gulf of Mannar  The Nilgiris  Nanda Devi  Nokrek  Great Nicobar  Manas  Simlipal  Dihang Dibang  Dibru Saikhowa  Agasthyamalai  Kanchenjunga  Pachmarhi  Achanakmar- Amarkantak  Kachchh M A P
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  12. 12. BACK TO HOME The exploitation of land and forest resources by humans along with hunting and trapping for food and sport has led to the extinction of many species in India in recent times. These species include mammals such as the Indian/Asiatic Cheetah, Wild Zebu, Javan Rhinoceros, and Sumatran Rhinoceros While some of these large mammal species are confirmed extinct, there have been many smaller animal and plant species whose status is harder to determine. Many species have not been seen since their description.
  13. 13.  The challenges to conservation of large mammals in a developing country like India are complex.  The needs of a increasing human population and the consequent growth of the market where India has become part of the expanding global economy has been at the centre of conservation problems of our country.  The protected wildlife areas constitute a mere 3% of the total land mass with ever- increasing pressure on this fragmented landscape. BACK TO HOME
  14. 14.  Public opinion and awareness are two critical factors that will finally make a difference.  Here are outline of some activities that we can consider for awareness and to save forests and wildlife in India. BACK TO HOME
  15. 15.  Try to learn as much as possible about India’s wildlife (from books, the internet, seminars and talks) and about the importance of the ‘Web of Life’.  Get people involved in your cause - in your colony, in your colleges and schools as well as your local MLAs.  Organize trips to local wildlife areas, or botanical gardens and the zoo.  Keep in touch with media people.
  16. 16.  Keep in touch with Forest Department - often they need volunteers for some of their field activities.  Keep in touch with the Honorary Wildlife Warden and conservation NGOs in your area. Offer assistance wherever possible.  In day to day life, remember the six Rs: Refuse Reduce Re-use Reinvent Recycle (paper, plastic etc) Replenish (water-harvesting, planting trees etc) BACK TO HOME
  17. 17.  The natural world is a complex system. Only by understanding how species relate to each other and their environment can we hope to properly protect wildlife and preserve their habitat for the future.  The best scenario would imply integrated community development and wildlife conservation promoted by national park managers and supported by local populations.
  18. 18.  Community-based conservation should give indigenous people the right to limited and sustainable use of natural resources while promoting tolerance towards wildlife, responsible interaction with their natural villagers, appreciate nature’s intrinsic value and agree with the necessity to protect forests and their wildlife inhabitants for future generations.  In order to enhance protected area effectiveness, conservation should be based on sound scientific knowledge, practical local indigenous knowledge and collaboration.
  19. 19.  Also there must be awareness in people for saving animals.  Jawaharlal Nehru had truly said “A country is known by the way it treats its animals”. BACK TO HOME