Multimedia Journalism Applications & ArgumentsSpeed, mobility, and News 2.0:digital dilemmas in journalism
News 2.0 News 2.0 Mobile Interactive Applications What can we do with multimedia? Arguments What should we do with multimedia? Political economy of News 2.0 Social, cultural, ethical, legal issues
The changing newsroomThe analogue newsroom is now a museum piece.Not only has the gender balance and dress code changed significantly, thelanguage and practices of the old newsroom are as dead as the Dodo.Copy is no longer „spiked‟; the „morgue‟ is now a Google away and individualworkstations have replaced the long backbench where the old-fashionedsub-editors used to work.The convergence newsroom is a totally different beast.
The newsroom of now Wheels in motion As more news organisations develop their newsroom models to deal with convergence, the traditional long room shape with desks in rows has been replaced by the true hub style. •Editorial functions are managed from the hub •Editors and senior staff operate as a team •Reporters are assigned workspaces according to their function •Writers are together •Video producers and reporters must have a quiet and sound-proof space for editing •Voice booths and interview studios are clustered along the outside walls •Access to studios must be efficient both electronically and physically •All content is stored on a central server
Multimedia = Multi-discipline Who’s who in the digital zoo? These are some of the new job descriptions that are emerging in the integrated newsroom: •Multimedia Producer •Video Editor •Database Developer •Software Developer •Flash Journalist •Design Technologist
Mobility & Speed 24 hour news cycle Need to be first on-the-scene First with the news Multiple sources 57 channels and nothing on When too much news is barely enough Trust / Credibility / Ethics Citizen journalism, eye-witness accounts
News as conversation News 2.0 More commercial channels include audience feedback (good, bad, ugly) More independent channels + social media Blogs Twitter Facebook No longer just an audience
Applications Multimedia journalism – screen-based Image-rich, slideshows, video Quick turn-around Editing is important Smaller, lighter, faster HD quality for not much money Close to the action Adapted to smart phones Easy to share
New news needs new methods Social media is a channel for distribution, but also news selection, news gathering and news research Key applications to consider and integrate Facebook iGoogle or similar browser/home page application Twitter and various „tweetdeck‟ applications Location-based services
Mobile Applications Good video smart phone Digital HD + expansion card Smart phone editing app Link clips, embed audio, add titles Video-streaming app Live upload and streaming Share to social media Liveblogging Keyboard app or notepad
Professional Applications News 2.0: the newsroom never sleeps Live crosses – camera-to-webstream Backpack journalism Field editing with Final Cut etc Rapid deployment Difficult circumstances upskilling/ de-skilling/ re-skilling?
Digital story-tellingAs that world becomes moreconnected through the Internet,the importance of learning to usedigital tools to share your ideas,your vision, your storiesbecomes all the more critical. Miguel Ghulin – Around the corner blog Uses multi-media resources Text Video Audio Slideshows Flash
User-generated news-like content UGNC takes many different forms Accidental journalist Eye-witness Recording events as they unfold Aftermath reporting Political purposes Activist use of social media Citizen Journalism Commercial Propaganda Advertorial Viral marketing Stunts
SohaibAlthar has become an unlikely folk hero since his tweetsabout this event were discovered. Overnight, he has gained45000 followers and been added to over 300+ lists.He‟s received calls and emails from all over the world to givehis account of what happened in Abbottabad.Althar provided an invaluable insight on an international eventjust by using Twitter like 200 million users do every day.
Arguments Definitions of what a journalist is are contested Profile of journalists working in news industry is changing Types of jobs for journalists are changing Is UGNC and “the people we used to call the audience” undermining the credibility and power of the mainstream media?
Citizen Journalist A conscious link between citizenship and journalistic sense-making Activist-journalist Advocacy journalism Mass movement media Organised Seemingly disorganised Spontaneous – not journalism?
Techno-legal time-gap What we can do – tools are available to surveill and store and recover digital data What is regulated What is sanctioned by the law
The Ethico-legal Paradox All the grey areas Online privacy and invasions of privacy BSA / Press Council / Privacy Commission Ongoing discussion about regulation and self-regulation Issues of territorial and global jurisdiction Defamation / Contempt of court / Copyright
The Herald on Sunday wanted to speak directly with Sperling. Wefound her through Facebook - and anyone using the website shouldbe aware of how we did it.Picture editor Chris Marriner obtained access to her Facebook pagethrough one of Sperlings online "friends". Facebooks privacyfunction allow users to leapfrog through peoples social networks.This gave us access to her online musings, updates on life andphotographs of her family. David Fisher, Herald on Sunday http://www.nzherald.co.nz/technology/news/article.cfm?c_id=5&objectid= 10668011
Three months ago, when controversial financier Mark Hotchinvanished to Hawaii, all media were desperate to find his holidayhome.A photograph was posted on Facebook from someone whovisited Hotchin. It didnt show much - the view from the house, apool in the foreground and the headland across the bay.Photographer Jason Dorday pulled up satellite images fromGoogle Earth and crawled the coastline until he found theheadland that matched. That identified the beach - and a trawl ofmansions advertised for rent on that coast included photographsshowing the same distinctive pool. David Fisher, Herald on Sunday http://www.nzherald.co.nz/technology/news/article.cfm?c_id=5&objectid= 10668011
News 2.0 the news industry is seen to be failing our democratic ideals journalists are low on international surveys of people we trust the professional ethos of journalism is under threat from UGC the commodity form of news is no longer providing the profits it once did
News navigator a navigator‟s most important role is to facilitate a discussion about the news a navigator has to be a talented reporter, analyst, convener and multimedia “super-journo.”
Ethics is still important Learn more about privacy. You can find a lot of information about people online, especially via social networking sites, but think carefully about the consequences. And bear in mind that it cuts both ways, if you do not do it carefully, your online research could compromise your sources.
Now more than ever, we need professional journaliststo help distinguish the wheat of reliable news andcredible opinion from the chaff of information, rumorand propaganda that clogs the Internet, and to helpcreate the next-generation vehicles for onlinejournalism. Doug Millison, The journalist of tomorrow, 1999