disclaimer
photo by wilbanks, cc
“rebbelib”, “stick chart” or “shell chart”
      Marshall Islands, circa 1900
“mattang” - smaller, square charts
used to teach the principles of navigating by ocean swells
shells represent islands
curved and diagonal lines represent ocean swells
             Captain Winkler, 1901
Mapping infrastructure
Rand McNally Area and population of the world 1890.
      (mapping political geography, statistics)
Map of telegraph connections
1891 Stielers Hand-Atlas, Plate No. 5
Steamship routes, American Express Company, circa 1900
detail from Rand, Mc.Nally & Co's official railroad map of the United States with portions
  of the Dominion of Canada, the...
19th Century
                                   Infrastructure




1838 - Regular transatlantic shipping
1865 - London and...
Foreign born population
  in US in 1890 - 14.8%
         in 2006 - 12.5%

       Global migration
         in 1913 - 10%
 ...
detail from opte project map of the internet




steamship routes                   container ship routes
canals          ...
Lagos, Nigeria - estimated population of 8,100,000
expectation of geographic maps:
a level of detail that may brush up against privacy concerns

what do we expect from maps ...
Donna Cox, Robert Patterson, NSFNET, 1992
From Martin Dodge’s “An Atlas of Cyberspaces”
Opte project
January 2005
Opte - apparently dead since 2005
Atlas of Cyberspaces - ran 1997 - 2004
Cheswick and Burche Internet Mapping
Project - no...
Pan-European Oil & Gas Map, Petroleum Economist
cryptome.org’s maps at
   eyeball-series.org
Sean Gorman
Sean Gorman
Sean Gorman
“He should turn it in to his professor, get his grade -- and
then they both should burn it,” said Richard Clar...
the security concern:
people want maps of infrastructure
       so they can break it

           my concern:
     we only ...
infrastructure is invisible until it breaks
        how does this color our
    understanding of infrastructure?
A Gall/Spurzheim phrenelogical chart
          from Brain & Mind, 1997
Phineas Gage
   1823 - 1860

Cavendish,Vermont
September 13, 1848
PET scans

Track marked oxygen or
  glucose to determine
 structures used during
     certain activities

Mapping infrastr...
understanding globalization
 requires us to map flow
 as well as infrastructure
by Zurich University of Applied Sciences
    using data from Flightstats.com
“In Transit” from Cabspotting
Stamen Design, using data from Yellow Cab
When does mapping flow become surveillance?
(When you can use Google to put a pinpoint on my truck?)
mapping one box...
versus mapping all of them
Can we intuit shipping routes from pirate attacks?
         Live Pirate Map, ICC/IMB 2008
infrastructure maps: what could happen

flow maps: what does happen

intent maps: what people actually want
infrastructure means flow <> intent
infrastructure doesn’t always match flow
understanding global flow is an opportunity
to build infrastructure, and to make money
Daniel Cohen
“Imaginary Globalization”
Cohen: global stuff blinds
us to how local our
economies actually are.

“The Friedman fallacy”

What else do we
overestima...
flickr photo by L’Hibou, cc


what would we learn from an atlas of connection?
made with the GeoCommons maker (geocommons.com)
healthmap.org - MIT/Harvard collaboration
drc.ushahidi.com
photo by bass_nroll                                    photo by metled_snowball




                                      ...
map flow as well as infrastructure



Electric Power Transmission, 1974. Congressional Research Service.
photo bysubpop77



      map who and what we know, what we pay attention to




photo by tracyshaun                      ...
what would an atlas of connection
     tell us about ourselves?
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
Mapping Globalization
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Mapping Globalization

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A Berkman Lunch talk by Ethan Zuckerman, January 27, 2009

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Mapping Globalization

  1. 1. disclaimer
  2. 2. photo by wilbanks, cc
  3. 3. “rebbelib”, “stick chart” or “shell chart” Marshall Islands, circa 1900
  4. 4. “mattang” - smaller, square charts used to teach the principles of navigating by ocean swells
  5. 5. shells represent islands curved and diagonal lines represent ocean swells Captain Winkler, 1901
  6. 6. Mapping infrastructure
  7. 7. Rand McNally Area and population of the world 1890. (mapping political geography, statistics)
  8. 8. Map of telegraph connections 1891 Stielers Hand-Atlas, Plate No. 5
  9. 9. Steamship routes, American Express Company, circa 1900
  10. 10. detail from Rand, Mc.Nally & Co's official railroad map of the United States with portions of the Dominion of Canada, the Republic of Mexico, and the West Indies, circa 1893
  11. 11. 19th Century Infrastructure 1838 - Regular transatlantic shipping 1865 - London and Bombay connected by telegraph 1869 - Suez Canal opens 1869 - Connection of US transcontinental railway 1871 - Advent of refrigerated shipping 1898 - Chicago Mercantile Exchange founded
  12. 12. Foreign born population in US in 1890 - 14.8% in 2006 - 12.5% Global migration in 1913 - 10% in 2005 - 2% mobile versus immobile migration
  13. 13. detail from opte project map of the internet steamship routes container ship routes canals airplane routes railroads oil and gas pipelines telegraph cables telecommunication cables electrical grid integrated financial markets multinational corporations migration
  14. 14. Lagos, Nigeria - estimated population of 8,100,000
  15. 15. expectation of geographic maps: a level of detail that may brush up against privacy concerns what do we expect from maps of infrastructure?
  16. 16. Donna Cox, Robert Patterson, NSFNET, 1992 From Martin Dodge’s “An Atlas of Cyberspaces”
  17. 17. Opte project January 2005
  18. 18. Opte - apparently dead since 2005 Atlas of Cyberspaces - ran 1997 - 2004 Cheswick and Burche Internet Mapping Project - now Lumeta, maps available via mail, on request
  19. 19. Pan-European Oil & Gas Map, Petroleum Economist
  20. 20. cryptome.org’s maps at eyeball-series.org
  21. 21. Sean Gorman
  22. 22. Sean Gorman
  23. 23. Sean Gorman “He should turn it in to his professor, get his grade -- and then they both should burn it,” said Richard Clarke, former White House cyberterrorism chief.
  24. 24. the security concern: people want maps of infrastructure so they can break it my concern: we only pay attention to infrastructure when it breaks
  25. 25. infrastructure is invisible until it breaks how does this color our understanding of infrastructure?
  26. 26. A Gall/Spurzheim phrenelogical chart from Brain & Mind, 1997
  27. 27. Phineas Gage 1823 - 1860 Cavendish,Vermont September 13, 1848
  28. 28. PET scans Track marked oxygen or glucose to determine structures used during certain activities Mapping infrastructure by mapping the flow of oxygen or blood
  29. 29. understanding globalization requires us to map flow as well as infrastructure
  30. 30. by Zurich University of Applied Sciences using data from Flightstats.com
  31. 31. “In Transit” from Cabspotting Stamen Design, using data from Yellow Cab
  32. 32. When does mapping flow become surveillance? (When you can use Google to put a pinpoint on my truck?)
  33. 33. mapping one box... versus mapping all of them
  34. 34. Can we intuit shipping routes from pirate attacks? Live Pirate Map, ICC/IMB 2008
  35. 35. infrastructure maps: what could happen flow maps: what does happen intent maps: what people actually want
  36. 36. infrastructure means flow <> intent
  37. 37. infrastructure doesn’t always match flow
  38. 38. understanding global flow is an opportunity to build infrastructure, and to make money
  39. 39. Daniel Cohen “Imaginary Globalization”
  40. 40. Cohen: global stuff blinds us to how local our economies actually are. “The Friedman fallacy” What else do we overestimate?
  41. 41. flickr photo by L’Hibou, cc what would we learn from an atlas of connection?
  42. 42. made with the GeoCommons maker (geocommons.com)
  43. 43. healthmap.org - MIT/Harvard collaboration
  44. 44. drc.ushahidi.com
  45. 45. photo by bass_nroll photo by metled_snowball photo by droïd identify and map the infrastructures we depend on photo by rickz photo by xeni
  46. 46. map flow as well as infrastructure Electric Power Transmission, 1974. Congressional Research Service.
  47. 47. photo bysubpop77 map who and what we know, what we pay attention to photo by tracyshaun photo by inju
  48. 48. what would an atlas of connection tell us about ourselves?

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