Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
What happens to the 4 River Civilizations? When civilizations meet.
Indo-Europeans Migrate <ul><li>Groups of nomadic people from the Caucus Mtn. steppes driven from Mesopotamia and Indus Val...
Mesopotamia and Egypt <ul><li>Hittites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 BCE: Occupy Anatolia (Turkey). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Mesopotamia <ul><li>Minoans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 -1400 BCE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived on Crete, seafaring. <...
Mesopotamia <ul><li>Phoenicians: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1100 BCE: Take over from the Minoans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Su...
Indus Valley <ul><li>Aryans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 BCE: Settle in the Northwest Indus Valley. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
China <ul><li>Nothing! </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geography. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stable political...
The Birth of World Religions A metaphor for when civilizations meet.
Proof <ul><li>Given:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World religions resulted from more sophisticated civilization, trade, and inte...
Hinduism <ul><li>Date of Origin:1200 – 700 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Origin: India/Aryan Invasion </li></ul><ul><li>F...
Hinduism <ul><li>1600 – 1000 BCE: Aryan invasions. </li></ul><ul><li>1500 – 1000 BCE: Vedic Age: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pol...
Hinduism <ul><li>1000 – 600 BCE: Epic Age: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poltical: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Village organiza...
Judaism <ul><li>Date of Origin: 1200 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Origin: Mediterranean, Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Found...
Judaism <ul><li>1200 BCE: The Jews settle in Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Lose and regain independence several times: </li></...
Buddhism <ul><li>Date of Origin: 500 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Origin: India    China, East Asia </li></ul><ul><li>F...
Buddhism <ul><li>563 BCE: Indian prince named Siddartha Gautama born. </li></ul><ul><li>Brahman opposition. </li></ul><ul>...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

What Happened To The 4 River Civilizations

1,261 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

What Happened To The 4 River Civilizations

  1. 1. What happens to the 4 River Civilizations? When civilizations meet.
  2. 2. Indo-Europeans Migrate <ul><li>Groups of nomadic people from the Caucus Mtn. steppes driven from Mesopotamia and Indus Valley. </li></ul><ul><li>Settle in Eastern and Western Europe, India. </li></ul><ul><li>Why? We don’t know. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mesopotamia and Egypt <ul><li>Hittites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 BCE: Occupy Anatolia (Turkey). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1650 BCE: Hattusas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupy Babylon, struggle with the Egyptians. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Borrow. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chariots – iron ore and lumber </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1190 BCE: Fall. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Mesopotamia <ul><li>Minoans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 -1400 BCE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived on Crete, seafaring. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate trade (between Asia Minor [Turkey], Europe, and the Middle East). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1470 BCE: Earthquake </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Mesopotamia <ul><li>Phoenicians: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1100 BCE: Take over from the Minoans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superior traders, merchant vessels. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect Africa, Europe, and Asia. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Indus Valley <ul><li>Aryans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 BCE: Settle in the Northwest Indus Valley. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vedas – sacred literature. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caste System: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brahmins, warriors, landowners, peasants or traders. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Varna. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1000 BCE: Arrive in India; Magadha. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 BCE: Magadha is modern India. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. China <ul><li>Nothing! </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geography. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stable political, social, and economic landscape. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shang  Zhou lasts until 256 BCE. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Birth of World Religions A metaphor for when civilizations meet.
  9. 9. Proof <ul><li>Given: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World religions resulted from more sophisticated civilization, trade, and intermingling of the 4 River Civilizations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious beliefs are non-material culture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious icons and edifices are material culture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious texts are primary sources. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Then: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World religions can tell us the political, economic, and cultural events, individuals, and ideas from their historical time period. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Hinduism <ul><li>Date of Origin:1200 – 700 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Origin: India/Aryan Invasion </li></ul><ul><li>Founders: Multiple founders. </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holy Book: Vedas, Puranas, among others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reincarnation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enlightenment is achieved if you are free from earthly desires. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom from earthly desires comes from a lifetime of worship, knowledge, and virtuous acts. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Hinduism <ul><li>1600 – 1000 BCE: Aryan invasions. </li></ul><ul><li>1500 – 1000 BCE: Vedic Age: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expand to the Ganges Valley. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sanskrit. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vedas. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1028: Rig-Veda. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Hinduism <ul><li>1000 – 600 BCE: Epic Age: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poltical: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Village organization: Chiefs  patriarch  children. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Villages responsible for defense and regulation. Caste system? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mahabrata, Ramanya, and the Upanishads. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Caste system (varnas): Aryans vs. indigenous? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Caste system </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Judaism <ul><li>Date of Origin: 1200 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Origin: Mediterranean, Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Founders: Abraham. </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holy Book: The Torah. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One god. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People are accountable for their sins. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People serve god by studying the Torah and living by its teaching. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Judaism <ul><li>1200 BCE: The Jews settle in Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Lose and regain independence several times: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abraham – Canaan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egypt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moses and Exodus. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>63 BCE: Romans seize the state outright. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Buddhism <ul><li>Date of Origin: 500 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Origin: India  China, East Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Founder: Siddharatha Gautama, The Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holy Book: Perfection of Wisdom Sutra, among others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People achieve nirvana (complete peace and happiness) by eliminating their attachment to worldly things. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nirvana is reached by following the eightfold path: </li></ul></ul>Right livelihood. Right endeavor. Right mindfulness Right meditation. Right views. Right aspiration. Right speech. Right conduct.
  16. 16. Buddhism <ul><li>563 BCE: Indian prince named Siddartha Gautama born. </li></ul><ul><li>Brahman opposition. </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism adapts with mysticism. </li></ul><ul><li>Spread to southeast Asia, Sri Lanka. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian pockets. </li></ul>

×