Mesopotamia

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Mesopotamia

  1. 1. Four River Civilizations
  2. 2. Four River Valleys <ul><li>Tigris and Euphrates </li></ul><ul><li>Nile </li></ul><ul><li>Indus </li></ul><ul><li>Huang </li></ul>
  3. 3. How does geography contribute to… <ul><li>Governmental structures (power, rulers) </li></ul><ul><li>Economic structures (trade, agriculture) </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure (buildings, canals, roads) </li></ul><ul><li>Societal structures (religion, art, writing) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sumerians and Mesopotamia <ul><li>3500 BCE: Move into the fertile crescent. </li></ul><ul><li>Present-day Iraq. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Government <ul><li>King – hereditary (passed down from father to son). </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles – land owners from patriarchal families (power passes down through the male). </li></ul><ul><li>“The People” don’t participate. </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Code (see Hammurabi)! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Economy <ul><li>Farmers and city-builders. </li></ul><ul><li>Use rivers. </li></ul><ul><li>Plow. </li></ul><ul><li>Cuneiform for payments. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Infrastructure <ul><li>Arch. </li></ul><ul><li>Canals and ditches. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Society <ul><li>Writing before 3000BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Clock, circle. </li></ul><ul><li>Literature, hymns to the gods. </li></ul>
  9. 9. So… <ul><li>Sumeria has no natural barriers and is open to invaders. </li></ul><ul><li>1700 BCE Hammurabi (Syrian) brings Mesopotamia under one rule – Babylon. </li></ul><ul><li>Writes the first known legal code. </li></ul>

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