Open Source Science         Ahmed Saeed       Research AssistantEgypt-Japan University for Science    and Technology (E-JU...
What if science was closed ...
Scientific Openness History● Disputations● Anagrams  "The mother of love imitates shapes of Cynthia" Galileo Galilei      ...
Scientific Endeavor● Have an idea● Collect data● Develop the idea and get results● Publish your work
400 YEARS LATER ...
Scientific Endeavor● Have an idea● Collect data● Develop the idea and get results● Publish your work
Open Scientific Endeavors● Open Innovation● Citizen Science   ○ Using Your Brain(Gaming)   ○ Using Your Computer (e.g. SET...
Open Innovation● InnoCentive (http://www.innocentive.com/)    ○ Challenges the public to solve problems provided by      l...
Open Innovation● InnoCentive (http://www.innocentive.com/)    ○ Challenges the public to solve problems provided by      l...
Open Innovation● PolyMath Project (http://polymathprojects.org/)   ○ "Is Massively Collaborative Math Possible ?" Tim Gowers
Open Innovation● PolyMath Project (http://polymathprojects.org/)   ○ "Is Massively Collaborative Math Possible ?" Tim Gowe...
Citizen ScienceA term used for projects or ongoing program of scientific workin which individual volunteers or networks of...
Citizen ScienceUsing Your Brain (Gaming) ● FoldIt, Solve Puzzles for Science (http://fold.it/portal/)    ○ A computer game...
Citizen ScienceUsing Your Computer ● SETI@Home, Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (http:   //setiathome.berkeley.e...
Citizen ScienceOnline Collaboration Sites ● Science for Citizens (http://scienceforcitizens.net/)    ○ Enable and encourag...
Open Source Scientific SoftwareA lot of communities and research centers are producing such                      software ...
Open Access, Open Data, ...● Open Access refers to unrestricted online access to articles  published in scholarly journals...
Conclusion● The current popular scientific methodology is OLD !● Different initiatives are suggested to change that includ...
References● Wikipedia, 2011.● Michael Nielsens Blog.● A Short History of Science Writing, http://www.scitext.com/history.p...
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Open source science

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Those slides present an introduction to open science and gives examples of how the openness of the scientific communities can give a huge push to the scientific progress

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Open source science

  1. 1. Open Source Science Ahmed Saeed Research AssistantEgypt-Japan University for Science and Technology (E-JUST)
  2. 2. What if science was closed ...
  3. 3. Scientific Openness History● Disputations● Anagrams "The mother of love imitates shapes of Cynthia" Galileo Galilei ● The mother of love -> Venus ● Cynthia (goddess of the moon) -> Moon● Journals (1600s) Peer Reviews and Citations
  4. 4. Scientific Endeavor● Have an idea● Collect data● Develop the idea and get results● Publish your work
  5. 5. 400 YEARS LATER ...
  6. 6. Scientific Endeavor● Have an idea● Collect data● Develop the idea and get results● Publish your work
  7. 7. Open Scientific Endeavors● Open Innovation● Citizen Science ○ Using Your Brain(Gaming) ○ Using Your Computer (e.g. SETI@Home) ○ Online Collaboration Sites● Open Source Scientific Software● Open Access, Open Data, ...
  8. 8. Open Innovation● InnoCentive (http://www.innocentive.com/) ○ Challenges the public to solve problems provided by large organizations for a reward
  9. 9. Open Innovation● InnoCentive (http://www.innocentive.com/) ○ Challenges the public to solve problems provided by large organizations for a reward ○ A Simple detection of DNA sequences in unconventional field was thought impossible Solved after 4 weeks of being published at InnoCentive
  10. 10. Open Innovation● PolyMath Project (http://polymathprojects.org/) ○ "Is Massively Collaborative Math Possible ?" Tim Gowers
  11. 11. Open Innovation● PolyMath Project (http://polymathprojects.org/) ○ "Is Massively Collaborative Math Possible ?" Tim Gowers ○ 40 people collaborated in the course of 7 weeks and found a new proof for a mathematical problem and calculated bounds for the same problem
  12. 12. Citizen ScienceA term used for projects or ongoing program of scientific workin which individual volunteers or networks of volunteers, manyof whom may have no specific scientific training, perform ormanage research-related tasks such as observation,measurement, or computation.
  13. 13. Citizen ScienceUsing Your Brain (Gaming) ● FoldIt, Solve Puzzles for Science (http://fold.it/portal/) ○ A computer game enabling you to contribute to important scientific research ○ It attempts to predict the structure of a protein by taking advantage of humans puzzle-solving intuitions and having people play competitively to fold the best proteins.
  14. 14. Citizen ScienceUsing Your Computer ● SETI@Home, Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (http: //setiathome.berkeley.edu/) ○ Internet-based public volunteer computing project that is used to analyze radio signals, searching for signs of extra terrestrial intelligence.
  15. 15. Citizen ScienceOnline Collaboration Sites ● Science for Citizens (http://scienceforcitizens.net/) ○ Enable and encourage people to learn about, participate in, and contribute to science. ○ Inspire greater appreciation and promote a better understanding of science and technology among the general public. ○ Create a shared space where scientists can talk with citizens interested in working on or learning about their research projects.
  16. 16. Open Source Scientific SoftwareA lot of communities and research centers are producing such software including (NASA, MIT, Bell Labs, Ubuntu Science, SciPy, ....)
  17. 17. Open Access, Open Data, ...● Open Access refers to unrestricted online access to articles published in scholarly journals, and also increasingly to book chapters or monographs.● Open Data is the idea that certain data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control.● Other initiatives and movements are growing
  18. 18. Conclusion● The current popular scientific methodology is OLD !● Different initiatives are suggested to change that including ○ Open Innovation ○ Citizen Science ○ Open Source Scientific Software ○ Open Data ○ Open Access● And most importantly there are ways for non-scientists to participate in advancing human knowledge thanks to openness concepts
  19. 19. References● Wikipedia, 2011.● Michael Nielsens Blog.● A Short History of Science Writing, http://www.scitext.com/history.php● Open Source Science: A New Model for Innovation, http: //hbswk.hbs.edu/item/5544.html● The Future of Science is Open, http://3quarksdaily.blogs. com/3quarksdaily/2006/10/the_future_of_s_1.html

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