The present-subjunctive


Published on

Published in: Education, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The present-subjunctive

  1. 1. El presente delSubjuntivo
  2. 2. The IndicativeUp to now you have beenusing verbs in theindicative mood, which isused to talk about facts oractual events.
  3. 3. The IndicativeAprendo francés para miviaje.
  4. 4. The SubjunctiveSpanish has another wayof using verbs called thesubjunctive mood.
  5. 5. The SubjunctiveWe use it to say what oneperson does or doesn’twant, tell, suggest, orrecommend someone elseto do.
  6. 6. The SubjunctiveWe form the presentsubjunctive of most verbsthe same way we formnegative tú commands,Usted and Ustedescommands..
  7. 7. The SubjunctiveWe drop the -o of thepresent-tense indicative yoform and add thesubjunctive endings.
  8. 8. The SubjunctiveFor -ar verbs:e, es, e, emos, éis, enFor -er/-ir verbs:a, as, a, amos, áis, an
  9. 9. Irregular Subjunctive VerbsAs with commands, ifthere is a stem change allforms will change in thesubjunctive except for thenosotros and vosotrosforms.
  10. 10. Sembrar – to plantsiembresiembressiembresembremossembréissiembren
  11. 11. Irregular Subjunctive VerbsAs in negative commands,irregular verbs that add a“g” to the stem in thepresent-tense yo form alsohave a “g” in the presentsubjunctive.
  12. 12. Irregular Subjunctive Verbscaersedecirhacerponersalirtenertraer
  13. 13. Irregular Subjunctive Verbshacer hag-o hagatener teng-o tenga
  14. 14. Tener – to havetengatengastengatengamosTengáistengan
  15. 15. The SubjunctiveThe present subjunctive hasthe same spelling changes inany verb with an irregular yoform. (just like negative túcommands, Usted andUstedes commands.
  16. 16. CONOCER – to knowconozcaconozcasconozcaconozcamosconozcáisconozcan
  17. 17. Irregular Subjunctive VerbsAlso verbs ending in –car,-gar, and –zar have a spellchange in order tomaintain the originalsound.
  18. 18. Irregular Subjunctive Verbsbuscar busco busquepagar pago paguecruzar cruzo cruce
  19. 19. Irregular Subjunctive VerbsD – Dar (Dé, des, dé, demos deis den)I – IR (vaya, vayas vaya, vayamos, vayáis, vayan)S – Ser (Sea, seas, sea, seamos, seáis, sean)H – Haber (haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayáis, hayan)E – Estar (esté, estés, esté, estemos, estéis, estén)S – Saber (sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepáis, sepan)
  20. 20. When to use Subjunctive1. A sentence thatincludes the subjunctiveform has two partsconnected by the wordque.For example:
  21. 21. The SubjunctiveQuiero que tú superes losobstáculos.I want you to overcomeobstacles.
  22. 22. 2. A verb of Volition(what may or may not happen):W – Wishes, WantsE – Emotions, feelingsI – Impersonal ExpressionsR – Requests, RecommendationsD – Doubt, Denial, DisagreementO – Ojalá (I hope to God)
  23. 23. The SubjunctiveSugiero que bebas aguaantes de correr.I suggest that you drinkwater before running.
  24. 24. The SubjunctiveEl entrenador exige quelos atletas estiren losmúsculos.The trainer demands thatthe athletes stretch theirmuscles.
  25. 25. The SubjunctiveEs necesario que protejas el medioambiente.It’s necessary that you protect theenvironment.Es importante que los jóvenessolucionen los problemas.It’s important that the young peoplesolve problems.
  26. 26. 3. A change of subjectNote that the subjunctivesentences have two parts,each with a differentsubject, connected by theword que:
  27. 27. 2 ClausesElla sugiere que yo aprenda francésIndependentclause(stands on itsown)Subject > VerbSeparatedby theword“que”Dependent clause (can’tstand on its own)Begins with the word“que.”IndicativeVerbSubjunctiveVerb
  28. 28. The SubjunctiveThe first subject uses thepresent indicative verb (ofvolition) + que and the secondsubject uses the presentsubjunctive verb (what shouldhappen).
  29. 29. The SubjunctiveVerbs that are often follewed byque + subjunctive:DecirInsistir enNecesitarPermitirPreferir (e > ie)ProhibirQuerer (e > ie)Recomendar (e > ie)Sugerir (e > ie)
  30. 30. PRACTICEEs necesario que tú _________ (hacer) latarea.Mi madre quiere que yo _______ (sacar)buenas notas.Es preciso que tú ________(beber) muchaagua todos los días.Ojalá que la actividad no _______(ser)plantar árboleshagassaquebebassea