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National territory


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National territory

  1. 1. National Territory
  2. 2. As embodied in the Constitution, the Philippine national territory embraces LAND, WATER, and AERIAL DOMAINS.
  3. 3. In view of the series of land claims on the cluster of islands in the South China Sea by neighboring Asian countries such as Vietnam, China, Taiwan, Malaysia, and the Philippines, the concept national territory has become a crucial issue.
  4. 4. The Philippine lawmakers, for one, rallied on the specific definitions of the country’s territorial rights.
  5. 5. As a consequence, the Philippine area of jurisdiction has been increased with the government’s territorial claim to the Kalayaan (Spratly) Islands, considered part of Palawan.
  6. 6. This is based in the archipelago doctrine that draws straight baselines joining the outermost islands of the archipelago.
  7. 7. Archipelago Doctrine O The proponent was Arturo M. Tolentino, a Filipino lawmaker, and it won general acceptance from other nations through the 1982 treaty (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea).
  8. 8. On the country’s territorial waters, the traditional belt of safety around the country has been widened from 3 miles to 12 miles.
  9. 9. TOPOGRAPHY the study and mapping of the features on the surface of land, including natural features such as mountains and rivers and constructed features such as highways and railroads
  10. 10. Topographically, the Philippines is a land of rugged physical features. Its terrain is a combination of a series of mountain ranges, hills, volcanoes, plains, and waterfalls. The country’s landforms are interspersed with rivers, bays, and an extensive coastline. Along its seacoasts are numerous bays, harbors, and gulfs.
  11. 11. A. Landforms Luzon has the longest continuous ranges in the Philippines. It has 3 large mountain ranges: a) Caraballo del Sur b) Caraballos Occidentales c) Sierra Madre
  12. 12. a) Caraballo del Sur Has its highest peak in the borders of Abra, Ilocos Norte, and Cagayan
  13. 13. b) Caraballos Occidentales Split into the Cordillera Norte and Cordillera Central and traverse the region west of the Cagayan River
  14. 14. c) Sierra Madre Also known as Pacific Coast Range, Sierra Madre crosses the island from Baler, Aurora to Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, and Cagayan.
  15. 15. The four distinct ranges of Mindanao: a) Surigao b) Butuan c) Central Western Range d) Western Range
  16. 16. a) Surigao Range: traverse the contours of the Pacific Coast
  17. 17. a) Butuan Range: extends to the south and forms the watershed of the Agusan River (E) and Pulangui River (W)
  18. 18. c) Central Western Range: Mt. Apo is the highest of the central western ranges. It is the highest point in the Philippines (9,692 ft)
  19. 19. d) Western Range: originates west of Iligan Bay and ends on the shore of Basilan Strait
  20. 20. Mountain range in the Visayas: a) Negros Range b) Panay Island (separates Iloilo, Capiz, and Aklan)
  21. 21. VOLCANOES a) Iraya in Batanes Island
  22. 22. b) Taal in Batangas Smallest in the World
  23. 23. c) Banahaw in Quezon Province
  24. 24. d) Mayon in Albay, Bicol
  25. 25. Most active and known as the country’s most perfectly cone-shaped volcano.
  26. 26. e) Makaturing in Lanao
  27. 27. f) Apo in Davao
  28. 28. g) Hibok-Hibok in Camiguin
  29. 29. h) Pinatubo in Zambales
  30. 30. i) Mt. Pulag in Benguet Luzon’s highest peak and the country’s second highest.