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World wartwo2


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World wartwo2

  1. 1. World War TwoSo much for ‘The War to End All Wars’..Friday, 10 May 13
  2. 2. History of Hitler.....Friday, 10 May 13
  3. 3. Leader of theNAZI party- Wrote Mein Kampf in1925/26Friday, 10 May 13
  4. 4. National Socialist German Workers’ Party (1920 - 45)German Workers Party (1919 - 1920)Shortened to NAZI party from the German wordNationalsozialistFar right RacismAnti-communistHitler elected chancellor in 1933 by presidentPaulVon HindenburgFriday, 10 May 13
  5. 5. What does this mean?When Hitler was appointed Chancellor, Hindenburg signedthe ‘enabling act’ whichbasically allowed Hitler to have dictorial power withoutlegal objectionAt this point, Hitler started the process of re-grouping andre-building his nation by breaking rules of the treaty ofVersaillesSuch as....Friday, 10 May 13
  6. 6. Germany’s new ‘Fuehrer’ - Leaderbroke the rules of the treaty ofVersailles by:*Creating an Airforce*Reintroducing conscription*Sending troops into the Rhineland, Austria and theSudetenland (Czechoslovakia)*Making a pact with Italy to create the Berlin-RomeAxis (the new power in Europe)Why didn’t the other nations intervene duringthese years (1933 - 39)?Friday, 10 May 13
  7. 7. *Because many thought the terms of thetreaty were unreasonableand*Because the other nations were feeling threatenedby Communism (Russian Communism) andthought that the support of Germany to fight Communismcould be needed.Friday, 10 May 13
  8. 8. The Start of the War.....World War two started when....Germany invaded.......on the 1st of September 1939Friday, 10 May 13
  9. 9. 3rd September 1939.....Neville Chamberlain announced that...due to hitler refusing to withdraw hisforces from Poland........was now at war with Germany.Friday, 10 May 13
  10. 10. After this...also declared war...Friday, 10 May 13
  11. 11. &Declared Neutrality....But we know it doesn’t stay this way....Friday, 10 May 13
  12. 12. Timeline:- September 1, Germany invade Poland- September 3, Britain and France declare war on Germany- The Battle of the Atlantic begins (Longest lasting WWII battle)19391940- Auschwitz established- Germany invades France, Belgium, the Netherlands- Italy declares war on France and Great Britain (on the side of the AxisPowers)- France surrenders to Germany1941- Germany invades the Soviet Union (operation Barbarossa)- The Japanese launch sneak attack on Pearl Harbour, Hawaii (Dec 7th)- Germany and Italy declare war on the United States; then the UnitedStates declares war on Germany and ItalyFriday, 10 May 13
  13. 13. 1942- Roosevelt issues Executive Order 9066 - The internment ofJapanese Americans- Guadalcanal Campaign - War in the Pacific1943- Germans surrender at Stalingrad, Soviet Union- Mussolini resigns- Italy surrenders1944- June 6th D-Day- Assassination attempt against Hitler- The Allies liberate Paris1945- Roosevelt dies- Mussolini is hanged- Adolf Hitler Commits suicide with wife Eva Braun- May 7: Germany signs an unconditional surrenderFriday, 10 May 13
  14. 14. Pearl Harbour - A day that shook the world the movie:, 10 May 13
  15. 15. Executive order9066Friday, 10 May 13
  16. 16. But is this the end of the war?.......Friday, 10 May 13
  17. 17. Japan had plans todominate South-East Asiaand was already at war withChina in 1937...Some could say thatWWII officially started at thatpoint...America wantedto make surethat WWIIreallywas they....Friday, 10 May 13
  18. 18. Decided to drop atomic bombs on Japan...Friday, 10 May 13
  19. 19. The first on Hiroshima - August 6th, 1945The second on Nagasaki, August 9th, 1945Friday, 10 May 13
  20. 20. day that shook the world... 6th August , 1945DEATHSDEATHSHIROSHIMAApprox.. 160,000 dead within 4months of bombing (immediatedeaths + post bomb radiation deaths)NAGASAKIApprox.. 80,000 dead within 4months of bombing (immediatedeaths + post bomb radiation deaths)Friday, 10 May 13
  21. 21. America’s bombing of Japan told the worldthat they are a superpower not to be messedwith, and this event started a nuclear arms race. of Atomic Bombs from 1945 - 1998Friday, 10 May 13
  22. 22. Very contested by Historians as to WHY Americadecided to drop bombs on Japan....Many believe that there was no threat from Japan,and that they had already accepted defeatFriday, 10 May 13
  23. 23. 14 Points of Fascism:1. Powerful and continuing expressions of nationalism.2. Disdain for the importance of human rights.3. Identification of enemies/scapegoats as a unifying cause.4. The supremacy of the military/avid militarism.5. Rampant sexism.6. A controlled mass media.7. Obsession with national security.8. Religion and ruling elite tied together9. Power of corporations protected.10. Power of labor suppressed or eliminated11. Disdain and suppression of intellectuals and the arts12. Obsession with crime and punishment.13. Rampant cronyism and corruption.14. Fraudulent elections.Friday, 10 May 13
  24. 24. Friday, 10 May 13
  25. 25. YOUR TASK..In pairs, choose a Fascist leader from the following:Stalin (USSR), Franco (SPAIN), Mussolini (Italy), Suharto( Indonesia), Pinochet (Chile), Somoza (Nicaragua), Idi Amin(Uganda), Pol Pot (Cambodia), Tojo (Japan), Papadopoulos(Greece), Mao Zedong (China), Yakabu Gowon (Nigeria), MengistuHaile Mariam (Ethiopia), Kim Il Sung (North Korea), Ismail EnverPasha (Turkey), Leopold II of Belgium (Belgium)1.2.Compile the Following Information:*Basic Information about the person.*When they ruled and a map of the country*How many people they killed*What their regime entailed of (link back to the 14 points of Fascism).Friday, 10 May 13
  26. 26. CULTURAL MOVEMENTSArt, Music, DanceFriday, 10 May 13
  27. 27. 11. Disdain and suppression of intellectuals and the arts. Intellectualsand the inherent freedom of ideas and expression associated withthem were anathema to these regimes. Intellectual and academicfreedom were considered subversive to national security and thepatriotic ideal. Universities were tightly controlled; politicallyunreliable faculty harassed or eliminated. Unorthodox ideas orexpressions of dissent were strongly attacked, silenced, or crushed.To these regimes, art and literature should servethe national interest or they had no right to exist.Remember point 11 from the 14 points ofFascism...?Friday, 10 May 13
  28. 28. However, the period of time before, duringand after WWII served to provide muchinspiration to artists and musicians, as theyoften used their art to fight the Fascist regime.Friday, 10 May 13
  29. 29. Film Study..... Swing KidsFriday, 10 May 13