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Aborigines and settlers in port phillip

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Aborigines and settlers in Port Phillip District

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Aborigines and settlers in port phillip

  1. 1. Aborigines and Settlers in Port Phillip - What was the relationship between the land, daily life, cultural and social practices of the Aboriginal communities across Port Phillip? - What was the impact of European farming practices and attitudes to land ownership on cultural practices, traditional food sources and foot-gathering techniques of Aboriginal communities? - In which ways did Aboriginal communities respond to the changes brought by the Europeans?
  2. 2. Date - 33 Communities - 10 languages - numerous dialects Highly ordered societies - Laws of kinship, ritual, social rules and customs Knowledge held by elders Marriages arranged - Strengthen alliances, access to food and resources Conflicts were mostly about people not property - 4 loose ‘confederations’ - - Kulin - Mara - Kurnai - Wotjo
  3. 3. Population: 20,000 generally accepted as Indigenous population of Port Phillip before european settlement. However, it is widely accepted that the population would have dropped before settlement. Influenza, measles, tuberculosis and venereal disease By 1853 the population had declined by 80% Population
  4. 4. Frontier Deaths 2000 Aboriginal deaths by frontier violence in the district 59 Europeans Displacement caused Indigenous conflict with other tribes
  5. 5. Settler impact on the country Establishing runs, building huts, shelters polluting water sources introducing cloved animals such as sheep, cattle and horses. New grasses Plant life Threatened traditional food sources Murrnong (yam daisy) - staple sources - Sheep eat, dig up roots Burning off Number of possums declining: Traditional clothes
  6. 6. Murrnong (Yam Daisy) Who knew you could eat a pretty flower like me?
  7. 7. We are hoofed animals - Our hooves ruin the ground and dig up roots We like to eat plants, flowers and grass. We don’t mean to ruin the environment but we can’t help it when there’s 1000’s of us What’s a pastoral economy again?
  8. 8. The Protectorate 1833 African Slave Trade Banned 1837: The Port Phillip Aboriginal Protectorate was set up Chief Protector George Augustus Robinson 4 protectors: Job to make contact and persuade groups to abandon their country and settle on reserves. Badly funded from the start, protectors were ill-equipped and poorly resourced. Failure blamed on the ‘failings of Aborigines’ rather than actions of Europeans
  9. 9. Resistance and Violence Cultural Clashes Broome describes the Aboriginal people not only as victims, but also as voyages in a new world, who responded in different ways to the arrival and settlement of the strangers. Revenge Sorcery Attacks on property
  10. 10. Native Police Formed in 1842 by Governor La Trobe
  11. 11. AboriginalWorkers
  12. 12. The Gold Rush New Opportunities Work Attracted to the Gold Rush
  13. 13. Select Report into Aborigines 10 years after rate abandonment of the protectorate scheme - 1860 - Board of Aborigines Aboriginal reserves set up and funded By 1869 - quarter of Aborigines were living on mission stations
  14. 14. Christianity and Missions

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