Welcome! Intro self... How many have been in Powell Lib before? As I’ve mentioned before in GE80, this is a very large & confusing library system - 13 libraries; >8 mil. Vols. & it can take lots of time to figure out how it works. In Fall and Winter Quarters I know you got lots of excellent & useful information on various aspects of doing research for papers. I’m hoping that at the end of today’s class you’ll be even more powerful information literate researchers, so you can identify, select & locate the most useful information for your research papers for this class & for other purposes.
¼ sheet w/urls brown 1/2 sheet--how to find... Their research topic worksheets CSA Library map
2 Here’s what we’re going to cover today… Before we start, I just want to do a quick check about RTR…
HOW MANY PEOPLE HAVE DONE THE PRETESTS AND GONE THROUGH SOME OF THE LESSONS IN THE ROAD TO RESEARCH? The Starting Points section covered identifying & focusing a topic & picking a useful article index (steps 1-4) Finding Points covered steps 5 & 6 DOES ANYONE HAVE ANY QUESTIONS ABOUT EITHER OF THESE SECTIONS? Just as a quick review of a couple of key points… … WHERE WOULD YOU LOOK UP UCLA LIBRARY BOOKS? (Catalog) … WHERE WOULD YOU LOOK UP PERIODICAL ARTICLES BY TOPIC? (Periodical index dbs)
Ok-Let’s talk a bit about your res paper assignments for this class. As I understand it, you need to research and write a paper re diversity & gender issues re aging You’ll also need to write an annotated bibliography, due in Week 5 For that you’ll need to find 2 useful references—at least 1 article from key journals in gerontology & geriatrics—must turn in paper copy of article w/annotated bib [JOANN—WANT TO ADD ANYTHING MORE?] For your final paper, you’ll need to find 10 useful references, some of which need to be empirical studies [JOANN—MORE?] Later today we’ll talk about journals, annotations, & empirical studies so you’ll know what they are Let’s begin with the basic steps to doing a research paper
There are 7 basic information research steps … Recursive process… Questions?
-Ok—steps 1-3: picking, narrowing or broadening a topic Thanks for sending me your research paper topics—they look very interesting! -HAS ANYONE ALREADY BEEN LOOKING FOR INFORMATION & FOUND TOO MUCH ON YOUR TOPIC? -HOW ABOUT TOO LITTLE? Let’s start with what to do if you find too little on your topic
Sometimes the words we think of first for a research topic don’t really get us enough information, or they may get us too much information LET’S DO SOME MENTAL MAPPING ABOUT THIS TOPIC Does the quality of life of older women in the United States vary by ethnicity? WHAT ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT WORDS IN THIS TOPIC?
Now, let’s say you searched these words and couldn’t find enough or you found too much? Which other search words could you substitute for some of these words?
Quality of life=> Satisfaction, well being, attitud* Older women=>Senior citizen*, elder* United States=> U.S., California, L.A., Los Angeles, Ethnicity=>ethnic*, minorit* [or pecific ethnic groups—e.g., Latin*, Hispanic*, Asian-American*, African-American*, black* WHY DID I PUT ASTERISKS AT THE ENDS OF SOME OF THESE WORDS? Truncation Symbol!! Very imp tip--can use it in searching to save lots of time ***QUICK TIP—WATCH OUT FOR BRITISH SPELLING—AGEING, BEHAVIOUR Now, if you’re getting too much information on your topic, you can focus your topic using a slightly different method
Let’s help Idolina with her research paper topic… 1st let’s think about a timeframe--Idolina did you have a particular time period in mind that you wanted to study? Now, how about a geographic region? Now the word “older” is pretty broad, so to narrow this topic, what other words could Idolina use in place of “older”? In this topic, Idolina is comparing 2 groups, women and white men—is it white women, Idolina? And what about “white”? WHAT WOULD BE ANOTHER WORD FOR “WHITE”? Caucasian And if you get too many results when searching under either WHITE or CAUCASIAN, WHAT WOULD BE SOME OTHER SUB-GROUPS UNDER “WHITE”? That would be another way to focus Ok, so Idolina, now you’re armed with some help for ways to focus your topic And for everyone, if you get too few results, when you search, plug in DEATH, DEAD, DYING with OR betw these words WHAT SHOULD YOU DO IF YOU GET TOO MANY RESULTS WHEN YOU USE ALL 3 OF THESE WORDS? Leave 1 out
I’m going to give each of you back a copy of your topic worksheet I’d like you to circle the key concepts Then I’d like you to work with the person next to you to come up with 1 narrower & 1 broader word for the words you circled Later you’ll be using those words to search for articles 2 min.
22 QUESTIONS? Ok—Let’s go on now and talk about the differences between magazines and journals It’s confusing to a lot of people
THESE ARE JOURNALS, BUT WHAT IS A JOURNAL & HOW IS IT DIFFERENT FROM A MAGAZINE? HOLD UP A MAGAZINE & A JOURNAL… Which one of these is a journal? WHAT MAKES THIS A JOURNAL? This issue contains some of the academic conversations going on in this field.
ACADEMIC CONVERSATIONS are going on all around you in academia--some are silent, some oral -WHAT ARE THESE CONVERSATIONS? -Scholars &quot;talk” and argue about their research silently in articles, book reviews, essays, & books, and orally at conferences, and present evidence to support their views -Other scholars respond, to agree or disagree, and also submit evidence to support their views =>By doing a research paper, you’re entering into the conversation of a field, learning who are the main conversants, what are the main arguments & where you can find information about them, pro, con, reviews of the literature, and so on
What’s the key point here? Scholars select & submit evidence to support their views, and they publish their articles in journals. But journals don’t just publish everything that’s submitted to them. Here’s how the process works…
=> PUB CYCLE/TIME LAG (due to: PEER REVIEW) -Article submitted to journal -Editor sends out to a few experts in the field for review, on editorial board of journal -These “peers” don’t know who wrote the article--they critique the content, the research process, the evidence -Options: reject, send back for improvement or to answer questions, publish -Can go on for some time This is called the peer review process. Sometimes the articles are called “refereed”. =>Effort to ensure quality & rigor, based on knowledge of experts in field… Why should you care? Instructors like Professor Damron-Rodriguez want you to use scholarly journal articles for your papers & peer-reviewed journals are more scholarly and respected than those that are not
OK--now you know about journals & the peer review process, but you also need to find EMPIRICAL studies WHAT DOES EMPIRICAL MEAN? EMPIRICAL= “Derived from observation or experiment rather than speculation or theory.” Colman Dictionary of Psychology BF 31 C65 2006. Now, how do you find useful journal articles on your topic, both empirical and others? One effective method is to use article indexes or DATABASES.
There are a few freely available databases, like PubMed—HAS ANYONE HEARD OF PUBMED? There are also many hundreds of licensed or subscription databases to choose from, but how do you find them? let’s take a look… UCLA LIBRARY HOME PAGE/ARTICLE DATABASES… I’ve also tried to make it easier for you by creating a research guide with links to the most useful databases for this class. http://guides.library.ucla.edu/GE80 Let’s take a look at it… Click on the tab for finding articles Scroll down to see article databases that might be useful for your papers… Many look & work differently from each other when you search them—quick look at a few… Academic Search Complete—show dbs; Anthropology Plus; Web of Science—show dbs…
-Let’s start with PsycInfo -It indexes 1300 js in psychology & related fields, like JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGY, & JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, as well as book chapters, books, dissertations & conf proceedings -very wide range of topics; back to 1806! -Save time by picking a db useful for your paper Check: topics covered, types of items indexed & timeframe
18 HAS ANYONE USED PSYCINFO OR OTHER CSA databases? -In this system, in fact, you can search several important databases at once Let’s add some more dbs: pais international, soc abs 1 ST tip: always try the Advanced search: lets you limit in many different ways Read screen for tips—e.g., truncation ; look for link to Help
Now, let’s help Natasha look for articles for her topic—Social variation in how Alzheimer’s disease is treated in China and the U.S. Keep in mind, Natasha, that this topic may be too broad, geographically, and you may need to think about some kind of timeframe for it But let’s try searching Change to ANYWHERE ANYWHERE: alzheimer* and ANYWHERE view* OR attitud* AND ANYWHERE china Add a row:AND ANYWHERE: cultur* OR social WHY DID I PUT AN ASTERISK AT THE END OF SOME WORDS? SCROLL DOWN & CLICK ON METHODOLOGY: Empirical study [LIMIT FOR PSYCINFO]; click on AND & run search (119 total; 114 PEER REV; 1 PAIS, 98 PSYCH, 20, SOC ABS)
Click on Peer Reviewed Journals tab (114) Sort by RELEVANCE WHAT DO WE HAVE ON THIS PAGE—WHAT’S IMPORTANT TO NOTICE, TOP TO BOTTOM? Titles of articles, Journal name, date of pub, brief abstract, descriptors WHAT DO THESE MEAN? References, Cited by Let’s take a look— CLICK ON title for #7 Constructing Alzheimer 's: Narratives of lost identities, confusion and loneliness in old age. Author Hinton, W. Ladson 1 ; Levkoff, Sue Culture , Medicine and Psychiatry. Special Issue: Aging, ethnicity, and dementia: Family caregiving. Vol 23(4), Dec 1999, pp. 453-475 GO TO REFERENCES—55 REFERENCES BACK TO TOP: cited by 35 later articles Select descriptors: ALZEHEIMER’S and CHINESE CULTURAL GROUPS (23; 22 PR J’S)
HOW DO YOU GET COPIES OF THESE ARTICLES? GO TO #13: A strengths perspective in working with people with Alzheimer’s disease Source: Dementia: the International Journal of Social Research & Practice Vol 4(3), Oct 2005, pp. 434-441 UC-eLinks is the key! Can also email copies of online articles—SELECT APA 5 TH EDITION If not online or in paper –use REQUEST to get a FREE COPY! DON’T PAY FOR ARTICLES!
Now let’s go to #8 of PR journals in the results we just got ( Survival of ethnic Chinese with Alzheimer's disease: A 5-year longitudinal study in Taiwan.. ) look at the abstract, & talk about annotations… 1st, WHAT’S AN ABSTRACT? Summary of item-- DO YOU SEE ANYTHING JUDGMENTAL IN THIS ABSTRACT? DOES IT SAY THAT ANYTHING IS GOOD OR BAD? IT’S DESCRIPTIVE, and this is an important part of an annotation Another important part of an annotation is some evaluative comment--your judgment on an item
Let’s go to a free site called Internet Public Library 2 & see if we can find a librarian who’s been judgmental about something…www.ipl.org That’s sort of against the rules--we’re supposed to be objective… Search: POLITICAL SATIRE Look at Capitol Steps – click on the magnifying glass icon: CAN YOU FIND A JUDGMENT, A WORD THAT GIVES AN OPINION & EVALUATES THE SITE? Capitol Steps: Excellent political satire Annotations consist of BOTH description and evaluation REMEMBER: Write your annotation in your own words! DO NOT COPY & PASTE ABSTRACTS
22 QUESTIONS about annotations?
Now, just 1 more thing before you search for articles on your own… For your annotated bibs, you’ll need to cite them in APA style DOES ANYONE KNOW WHAT APA STANDS FOR? American Psychological Assoc. AND HAS ANYONE STRUGGLED WITH TRYING TO DO CITATIONS CORRECTLY FOR A BIB? Well, I can tell you about some tools that will make citing much easier: KnightCite (ueses APA 5 th ed) SourceAid (uses APA 5 th ed) Both are free websites…
OK--so I hope you’ve learned how to save time and effort in information research. We talked about Your assignments Topic Narrowing/Broadening Identified, located, evaluated articles Annotating & Citing References Remember to think critically about information & even databases And… If you forget any of this, or need help…
, ask at a reference desk, send an email message, phone, or chat live with a librarian online! Thanks so much...
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GE80C Students Welcome to College Library! Esther Grassian College Library Spring 2010
Empirical <ul><li>“ Derived from observation or experiment rather than speculation or theory.” (Colman, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Colman, A. M. (2006). Dictionary of psychology (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. </li></ul>
Finding Databases <ul><li>UCLA Library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequently Used DBs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DBs by Subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DBs A-Z </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GE80 Research Guide for Class </li></ul>