Global Tourism
Managing Tourism Impacts
Ensuring Sustainability
By the end of this lesson
You should be able to:
1. Explain what sustainable tourism is.
2. Evaluate
the
strategies
of
sus...
Sustainable Tourism
• It refers to :
– Tourism that respects both local people and
the traveller, cultural heritage and th...
3 Elements of Sustainable Tourism
1. Make optimal use of environmental resources
that constitute a key element in tourism
...
3 Elements of Sustainable Tourism
2. Respect the socio-cultural authenticity of host
communities, conserve their built and...
3 Elements of Sustainable Tourism
3. Ensure
viable,
long
term
economic
operations, providing socio-economic benefits to
al...
Extended Activity
• Stakeholders of tourism must work
together and respect each other for
sustainable tourism to be succes...
Strategies of Sustainable Tourism
1. Establish Laws and Regulations
2. Promoting Ecotourism
3. Promoting Community Based T...
Establish Laws and Regulations
• Refers to the setting up of guidelines or
restrictions by planning authorities
• This is ...
Establish Laws and Regulations
• Law of wildlife conservation in
Costa Rica
• Tourists prohibited from taking
plants and f...
Establish Laws and Regulations
• Photographs of
certain sections of the
sacred aboriginal
landmark of Uluru
(Ayers Rock) a...
Establish Laws and Regulations
Problems
• Not all tourists conform to the
environmentally-friendly guidelines as
many feel...
Promoting Ecotourism
• Ecotourism refers to environmentally
responsible travel to relatively undisturbed
natural areas tha...
Promoting Ecotourism
• Sea-Canoe
ecotourism
Company
(Phuket) limits tourist
numbers to 64 per
day in consideration
of
the
...
Promoting Ecotourism
Problems
• Tour operators driven by profits may fail to
conduct
tourist
activities
following
ecotouri...
Promoting Community Based
Tourism

• Refers to the development and management
of tourism that includes, consults and benef...
Promoting Community Based
Tourism
• National
Tourism
Authority of Laos
consults
the
communities of the
Phou Khao Khouay
na...
Promoting Community Based
Tourism
Problems
• Many community-based tourism projects
have also failed due to improper
manage...
What are Level Descriptor
Questions?
• Level Descriptor Questions require
students to EVALUATE various strategies
employed...
PDEA+/- Format
• Designed to help students structure their
answers to answer level descriptor
questions

P  Point
D  Des...
Level Descriptor Questions
Level 1 (0 – 3 marks)
•No reference to named example(s)
•Answer limited to descriptions of meas...
Level Descriptor Questions
Level 2 (4 – 6 marks)
• Reference to named example(s) e.g. Law
of wildlife conservation in Cost...
Level Descriptor Questions
Level 3 (7 – 8 marks)
•L2/6 + Balanced argument
•Award L3/7 for L2/6 + balanced argument
that w...
How to get LEVEL 3
1.Show a balanced argument
• Evaluate the strategies you have
discussed based on ONE common
factor
 Co...
How to get LEVEL 3
2. Understand that there is no best method
• All strategies discussed above have their
merits and disad...
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6. global tourism sustainable tourism

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6. global tourism sustainable tourism

  1. 1. Global Tourism Managing Tourism Impacts Ensuring Sustainability
  2. 2. By the end of this lesson You should be able to: 1. Explain what sustainable tourism is. 2. Evaluate the strategies of sustainable tourism.
  3. 3. Sustainable Tourism • It refers to : – Tourism that respects both local people and the traveller, cultural heritage and the environment. (UNESCO) – tourism activity that can be maintained over the long term because it results in a net benefit for the social, economic, natural and cultural environments of the area in which it takes place.
  4. 4. 3 Elements of Sustainable Tourism 1. Make optimal use of environmental resources that constitute a key element in tourism development, maintaining essential ecological processes and helping to conserve natural heritage and biodiversity.
  5. 5. 3 Elements of Sustainable Tourism 2. Respect the socio-cultural authenticity of host communities, conserve their built and living cultural heritage and traditional values, and contribute to inter-cultural understanding and tolerance.
  6. 6. 3 Elements of Sustainable Tourism 3. Ensure viable, long term economic operations, providing socio-economic benefits to all stakeholders that are fairly distributed, including stable employment and income earning opportunities and social services to host communities, and contributing to poverty alleviation.
  7. 7. Extended Activity • Stakeholders of tourism must work together and respect each other for sustainable tourism to be successful • Each stakeholder can also play their part in making tourism more sustainable • In your groups, think of how your role can help make tourism more sustainable
  8. 8. Strategies of Sustainable Tourism 1. Establish Laws and Regulations 2. Promoting Ecotourism 3. Promoting Community Based Tourism
  9. 9. Establish Laws and Regulations • Refers to the setting up of guidelines or restrictions by planning authorities • This is to deter tourists from irresponsible behaviour • Environmental damage would be minimised and local cultures and traditions would be respected through such law enforcements
  10. 10. Establish Laws and Regulations • Law of wildlife conservation in Costa Rica • Tourists prohibited from taking plants and flowers • Tourists also prohibited from feeding wild animals to prevent them from being dependent on humans for food
  11. 11. Establish Laws and Regulations • Photographs of certain sections of the sacred aboriginal landmark of Uluru (Ayers Rock) are not allowed to be taken as a sign of respect to the aboriginal culture and tradition
  12. 12. Establish Laws and Regulations Problems • Not all tourists conform to the environmentally-friendly guidelines as many feel the use or overuse of resources is justifiable with payment • Tourists may also feel self-important and show little respect for local cultures and traditions, hence creating disharmony among the local society
  13. 13. Promoting Ecotourism • Ecotourism refers to environmentally responsible travel to relatively undisturbed natural areas that promotes conservation and improves the well-being of locals • Practicing ecotourism will allow tourists to enjoy the experience of being in natural environments, promote conservation and ensure that the locals benefit economically
  14. 14. Promoting Ecotourism • Sea-Canoe ecotourism Company (Phuket) limits tourist numbers to 64 per day in consideration of the carrying capacity of the ecologically sensitive region
  15. 15. Promoting Ecotourism Problems • Tour operators driven by profits may fail to conduct tourist activities following ecotourism guidelines hence end up degrading the environment
  16. 16. Promoting Community Based Tourism • Refers to the development and management of tourism that includes, consults and benefits the local community, especially in the context of rural villages and indigenous people • Giving the locals control over tourist activities will allow the local community to contribute their intimate knowledge of the local environment to tourism projects and help manage the negative impact of tourism
  17. 17. Promoting Community Based Tourism • National Tourism Authority of Laos consults the communities of the Phou Khao Khouay nature reserves in Laos before making decisions on various tourist projects
  18. 18. Promoting Community Based Tourism Problems • Many community-based tourism projects have also failed due to improper management and poor accessibility. • A survey of 200 CBT projects in Latin America reflected only 5% occupancy for most accommodations.
  19. 19. What are Level Descriptor Questions? • Level Descriptor Questions require students to EVALUATE various strategies employed to create sustainable tourism • Important to understand effectiveness and limitation of each strategy • An authentic example must also be provided for each of the strategy discussed
  20. 20. PDEA+/- Format • Designed to help students structure their answers to answer level descriptor questions P  Point D  Describe E  Explanation A+  Effectiveness A-  Limitations
  21. 21. Level Descriptor Questions Level 1 (0 – 3 marks) •No reference to named example(s) •Answer limited to descriptions of measures only •No evaluation OR one-sided evaluation of measures only •Award L1/1 for simple listing of measures only •Award L1/2 for answer that describes measures only •Award L1/3 for answer that evaluates measures without the use of examples
  22. 22. Level Descriptor Questions Level 2 (4 – 6 marks) • Reference to named example(s) e.g. Law of wildlife conservation in Costa Rica •At least ONE balanced evaluation of ONE measure •Award L2/4 for answer that evaluates ONE measure only •Award L2/5 for answer that evaluates ONE measure and describes ONE other measure •Award L2/6 for answer that evaluates TWO measures
  23. 23. Level Descriptor Questions Level 3 (7 – 8 marks) •L2/6 + Balanced argument •Award L3/7 for L2/6 + balanced argument that weighs level of success of measure OR reflect understanding that there is no one best method to ensure sustainable tourism and it depends on where strategies are implemented •Award L3/8 for L2/6 + balanced argument that weighs level of success of measure AND reflect understanding that there is no one best method to ensure sustainable tourism and it depends on where strategies are implemented
  24. 24. How to get LEVEL 3 1.Show a balanced argument • Evaluate the strategies you have discussed based on ONE common factor  Cost  Feasibility  Dependability/ Longevity of Strategy  The list goes on….
  25. 25. How to get LEVEL 3 2. Understand that there is no best method • All strategies discussed above have their merits and disadvantages and there is no one most successful/best method. • Countries attempting to implement such measures need to consider the local situation and available resources before implementing a one-best or a set of bestexecutable methods that best addresses the needs of the area in question.

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