10 sustainable tourism


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10 sustainable tourism

  1. 1. Global Tourism Managing Tourism Impacts Ensuring Sustainability
  2. 2. By the end of this lesson You should be able to: 1. Explain what sustainable tourism is. 2. Evaluate the strategies of sustainable tourism.
  3. 3. Oman turtle centre 3
  4. 4. Class work • Define 'conservation of environments • Define ' sustainable tourism' • Explain how tourism can be made sustainable? 4
  5. 5. Sustainable Tourism • It refers to : – Tourism that respects both local people and the traveller, cultural heritage and the environment. (UNESCO) – tourism activity that can be maintained over the long term because it results in a net benefit for the social, economic, natural and cultural environments of the area in which it takes place.
  6. 6. 3 Elements of Sustainable Tourism 1. Make optimal use of environmental resources that constitute a key element in tourism development, maintaining essential ecological processes and helping to conserve natural heritage and biodiversity.
  7. 7. 3 Elements of Sustainable Tourism 2. Respect the socio-cultural authenticity of host communities, conserve their built and living cultural heritage and traditional values, and contribute to inter-cultural understanding and tolerance.
  8. 8. 3 Elements of Sustainable Tourism 3. Ensure viable, long term economic operations, providing socio-economic benefits to all stakeholders that are fairly distributed, including stable employment and income earning opportunities and social services to host communities, and contributing to poverty alleviation.
  9. 9. Extended Activity • Stakeholders of tourism must work together and respect each other for sustainable tourism to be successful • Each stakeholder can also play their part in making tourism more sustainable
  10. 10. Strategies of Sustainable Tourism 1. Establish Laws and Regulations 2. Promoting Ecotourism 3. Promoting Community Based Tourism
  11. 11. Establish Laws and Regulations • Refers to the setting up of guidelines or restrictions by planning authorities • This is to deter tourists from irresponsible behaviour • Environmental damage would be minimised and local cultures and traditions would be respected through such law enforcements
  12. 12. Establish Laws and Regulations • Law of wildlife conservation in Costa Rica • Tourists prohibited from taking plants and flowers • Tourists also prohibited from feeding wild animals to prevent them from being dependent on humans for food
  13. 13. Establish Laws and Regulations • Photographs of certain sections of the sacred aboriginal landmark of Uluru (Ayers Rock) are not allowed to be taken as a sign of respect to the aboriginal culture and tradition
  14. 14. Establish Laws and Regulations Problems • Not all tourists conform to the environmentally-friendly guidelines as many feel the use or overuse of resources is justifiable with payment • Tourists may also feel self-important and show little respect for local cultures and traditions, hence creating disharmony among the local society
  15. 15. Promoting Ecotourism • Ecotourism refers to environmentally responsible travel to relatively undisturbed natural areas that promotes conservation and improves the well-being of locals • Practicing ecotourism will allow tourists to enjoy the experience of being in natural environments, promote conservation and ensure that the locals benefit economically
  16. 16. Promoting Ecotourism • Sea-Canoe ecotourism Company (Phuket) limits tourist numbers to 64 per day in consideration of the carrying capacity of the ecologically sensitive region
  17. 17. Promoting Ecotourism Problems • Tour operators driven by profits may fail to conduct tourist activities following ecotourism guidelines hence end up degrading the environment
  18. 18. Promoting Community Based Tourism • Refers to the development and management of tourism that includes, consults and benefits the local community, especially in the context of rural villages and indigenous people • Giving the locals control over tourist activities will allow the local community to contribute their intimate knowledge of the local environment to tourism projects and help manage the negative impact of tourism
  19. 19. Promoting Community Based Tourism • National Tourism Authority of Laos consults the communities of the Phou Khao Khouay nature reserves in Laos before making decisions on various tourist projects
  20. 20. Promoting Community Based Tourism Problems • Many community-based tourism projects have also failed due to improper management and poor accessibility. • A survey of 200 CBT projects in Latin America reflected only 5% occupancy for most accommodations.
  21. 21. Homework text page 75 q1b (4m) 21