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1. global tourism introduction


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1. global tourism introduction

  1. 1. Global Tourism Introduction
  2. 2. By the end of this lesson You should be able to: 1. Describe and give authentic examples of different types of tourism 2. Explain why tourist activities are unique at different places
  3. 3. Tourism Definitions • Tourism refers to the temporary movement of people primarily for leisure and recreational purposes • It is characterised by the interaction(s) between tourists and tourism destinations
  4. 4. Tourism Definitions • A tourist is defined as a person who travels and stays away from his/her normal place of residence for more than 24 hours but less than a year, regardless of travel purpose
  5. 5. Tourism Types • Tourism is place-specific, tourists travel to a specific physical location • Different spaces/environments (both physical and human) in tourism destinations create diverse tourism activities • There are therefore the presence of different tourism types
  6. 6. Honeypot Tourism • Tourism honeypots refers to particularly popular visitor attractions which attract tourists in large numbers
  7. 7. Honeypot Tourism Eiffel Tower, Paris, France Taj Mahal, Agra, India
  8. 8. Honeypot Tourism Giant’s Causeway, N. Ireland Ipanema Beach, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
  9. 9. MICE • Refers to travel for commercial purposes Vienna Convention Centre, Austria business Marina Bay Sands, Singapore or
  10. 10. MICE • Requisite: Destinations which provide good amenities for meetings, incentives, conferences and exhibitions Melbourne Convention Hall, Australia Yeosu Expo, S. Korea
  11. 11. MICE Source: Singapore Tourism Board
  12. 12. Medical/ Health Tourism • Refers to travel for medical care by bypassing services offered in their own communities Plastic Surgery in Seoul, S. Korea Beppu Hot Springs, Japan
  13. 13. Medical/ Health Tourism • Requisites: Places with good medical facilities or health facilities such as spas and hot springs • Rise in medical tourism, especially in cosmetic procedures (S. Korea estimates 300 thousand medical tourists by 2015)
  14. 14. Film-induced Tourism • Tourism to destinations featured on television, video, or cinema screen • Requisites: Physical or human landscape which appears on television, video, or cinema screen (More prominent in popular/cult movies)
  15. 15. Film-induced Tourism
  16. 16. Film-induced Tourism Alnwick Castle, UK Hogwarts in Harry Potter Movies
  17. 17. Film-induced Tourism Christ Church College, Oxford, UK Dining Hall of Hogwarts
  18. 18. Film-induced Tourism Mt Ngauruhoe, Tongariro, New Zealand Mount Doom, Mordor of LOTR
  19. 19. Film-induced Tourism Phi Phi Islands, Thailand Leonardo Di Caprio’s The Beach
  20. 20. Heritage Tourism Travelling to experience the authentic culture and history offered by a particular place and/or activity The Ghats in Varanasi, India
  21. 21. Heritage Tourism • Requisite: Places with rich history and/or authentic culture Kayan Culture, Burma
  22. 22. Religious Tourism • Travelling for religious purposes (e.g. pilgrimage, missions, religious gatherings) • Requisite: Places with religious/holy sites The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem, Israel
  23. 23. Dark Tourism Refers to travelling to sites, attractions and exhibitions which have real or recreated death, suffering or the seemingly macabre as a main theme Gates and Haunting Images of the Dachau Nazi Concentration Camp, Munich , Germany
  24. 24. Dark Tourism Requisite: Places with history of conflicts or history of mass deaths/ places which uses death as a theme of attraction Catacombs of the Capuchins, Palermo, Italy- Over 8000 bodies hung on the walls like paintings!
  25. 25. Requisites for Tourism Types • Each tourism destination is unique in the types of tourism they offer • Certain requisites (may be physical or human in nature) must be present for a destination to be labeled as a particular type • E.g. Disneyland cannot be a type of medical tourism/ dark tourism
  26. 26. New Types of Tourism • There are new types of tourism which are constantly evolving or becoming more popular • E.g. Adventure tourism Bungee Jumping, Queenstown, New Zealand
  27. 27. Learning Points • Tourism is place-specific • Different environments (both physical and human) in tourism destinations create diverse opportunities for tourist activities • Presence of requisites for each type of tourism