ETHIOPIAN DEVELOPMENT
RESEARCH INSTITUTE
Teff Production and Market Access in
Ethiopia
Mekamu Kedir, Emily Schmidt, Helina...
2
• Understand spatial and temporal teff production pattern;
• Explore how transportation infrastructure and market
access...
• This study links agricultural production and input data
from the Agricultural Sample Survey (AgSS) and
Geographic Inform...
• We also categorize production by terciles into top, middle,
and low producing woredas.
- Sort all woredas by total produ...
• The percent of
producers applying
fertilizer on teff fields
and share of fertilized
teff area increased
over time.
• Top...
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
1995/96 2006/07 2010/11
Percentofteffproduction
Under 3 hours
Over 3 hours
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%...
Teff Yield, Fertilized Area, and Accessibility
• In non-remote
areas, there is an
increase in:
• Teff yield,
• The percent...
16
Conclusions
• The percent of producers applying fertilizer on teff fields
increased.
• Increasingly larger share of tef...
Teff production and market access in ethiopia
Teff production and market access in ethiopia
Teff production and market access in ethiopia
Teff production and market access in ethiopia
Teff production and market access in ethiopia
Teff production and market access in ethiopia
Teff production and market access in ethiopia
Teff production and market access in ethiopia
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Teff production and market access in ethiopia

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International Food Policy Research Institute/ Ethiopia Strategy Support Program (IFPRI/ ESSP)and Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) Coordinated a conference with Agriculutral Transformation Agency (ATA) and Ministry of Agriculutrue (MoA) on Teff Value Chain at Hilton Hotel Addis Ababa on October 10, 2013.

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Teff production and market access in ethiopia

  1. 1. ETHIOPIAN DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH INSTITUTE Teff Production and Market Access in Ethiopia Mekamu Kedir, Emily Schmidt, Helina Tilahun IFPRI ESSP-II EDRI Improved Evidence Towards Better Policies for the Teff Value Chain October 10, 2013 Addis Ababa 1
  2. 2. 2 • Understand spatial and temporal teff production pattern; • Explore how transportation infrastructure and market access overlaps with : • teff production and, • chemical fertilizer use over time. Objectives
  3. 3. • This study links agricultural production and input data from the Agricultural Sample Survey (AgSS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data. - Ethiopian Agricultural Sample Enumeration (2001/02) ; - AgSS (1995/96, 2006/07 and 2010/11 ); - GIS data: Elevation and Slope grid, city population, and road networks. • Pairing these data, we explore : - Teff production, area, and yield (1995-2011); - Changes in fertilizer use on teff production areas (1995-2011); - Changes in market access (1995-2011). Data and method
  4. 4. • We also categorize production by terciles into top, middle, and low producing woredas. - Sort all woredas by total production, - Identify the top 33.3% of highest producing woredas = top producers, - We follow the same procedure for middle and low producing woredas. • Within these categories we examine: - Share of producers using fertilizer and; - Share of fertilized teff area; • The study uses measurements of travel time to examine differences in agricultural production and input use. Data and method
  5. 5. • The percent of producers applying fertilizer on teff fields and share of fertilized teff area increased over time. • Top production category has the highest share. Fertilizer Use, Teff Producers, and Area 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 2000/2001 2006/7 2010/11 Percentofteffproducersusing fertilizer Top 33.3% Middle 33.3% Bottom 33.3% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 2000/2001 2006/7 2010/11 Percentoffertilizedteffarea Top 33.3% Middle 33.3% Bottom 33.3%
  6. 6. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 1995/96 2006/07 2010/11 Percentofteffproduction Under 3 hours Over 3 hours 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 1995/96 2006/07 2010/11 Percentofteffarea Under 3 hours Over 3 hours Teff Production, Area, and Accessibility • In non-remote areas, there is an increase in percentage of: • Teff production, • Teff area.
  7. 7. Teff Yield, Fertilized Area, and Accessibility • In non-remote areas, there is an increase in: • Teff yield, • The percent of fertilized teff area. 0% 20% 40% 60% 1995/96 2006/07 2010/11 Percentoffertilizedarea Under 3 hours - 4.00 8.00 12.00 16.00 1995/96 2006/07 2010/11 Teffyield Under 3 hours
  8. 8. 16 Conclusions • The percent of producers applying fertilizer on teff fields increased. • Increasingly larger share of teff area is being fertilized. • An increase in teff production, area, and yield is noted within 3 hours travel time to a city of at least 50,000 people. • Increasing intensification over time in teff production, for remote and non-remote farmers. • Strong correlation of market access and fertilizer use on teff fields.

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