How To Write A Paper

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How To Write A Paper

  1. 1. “ HOW TO WRITE A PAPER”
  2. 2. General Format of Paper <ul><li>Assignments/Term Papers should be typed or computer printed. </li></ul><ul><li>Use A4 paper size. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use other colours or size. </li></ul><ul><li>Use best quality paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Submit an original typed/computer printed materials, not a photocopy. </li></ul><ul><li>Double-spaced in 12-point word font. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a font which is easy to read. </li></ul><ul><li>No scripts or stylized fonts. </li></ul><ul><li>Page numbered. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Title Page <ul><li>Title of the paper </li></ul><ul><li>Name of the writer </li></ul><ul><li>Course name, section number and instructor </li></ul><ul><li>College or university </li></ul><ul><li>Date </li></ul>
  4. 4. Abstract <ul><li>Brief summary of paper written primarly to allow potentional readers to know the paper’s subject matter to see if the paper contains information of sufficient interest for them to read the paper. </li></ul><ul><li>An abstract should be written in one paragraph including the objective, methods and findings. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Executive Summary <ul><li>A paper will have either an abstract or an executive summary. </li></ul><ul><li>Executive summary is more detailed than the abstract. </li></ul><ul><li>It summarizes the content of the paper in details. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Table of Contents <ul><li>Contains the titles of major divisions & subdivisions included in the paper in the order which they appear with their page numbers. </li></ul><ul><li>Table of contents is a must in books, thesis and reports. </li></ul><ul><li>In student papers, table of contents should be included. </li></ul>
  7. 7. List of Tables and Figures <ul><li>Contains titles of the tables/figures included in the paper in the order which they appear with their page numbers. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Text- Step 1 <ul><li>Ask your instructor for the number of pages required for the paper. </li></ul><ul><li>You have to begin with an “Introduction” after Table of Contents. Introduction should include the following subheadings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the importance of the topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>objectives of the topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>methods and data </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Text- Step 2 <ul><li>After the introduction, you can write your body in the order of the table of contents list that you write at the beginning. </li></ul><ul><li>Your paper should include maximum three levels of part headings. For example: </li></ul><ul><li>PART 1. The Scope of CRM (Customer Relationship Management) </li></ul><ul><li>1.1. Definitions of CRM </li></ul><ul><li>1.2. Types of CRM </li></ul><ul><li>PART 2. CRM Applications </li></ul><ul><li>2.1. Models of CRM Applications </li></ul><ul><li>PART 3. CRM Applications of Automobile Industry in Turkey and A </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study for Tofaş Company </li></ul>
  10. 10. Text- Step 3 <ul><li>Tables:The reader should understand the table without reading the text. The source of the information in the table should be shown immediately below the table. </li></ul><ul><li>Charts and Graphs: They are included in the body of the paper but if there are too many charts that will disturb the reader you can put them in the appendices. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Text- Step 4 <ul><li>At the end of the paper, you have to write a “Conclusion”. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion should include the following subheadings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The results of the paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical assessments </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. References <ul><li>Citing from books: </li></ul><ul><li>D rucker P ., Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Practice and Principles , London, Heinemann, 1985. </li></ul><ul><li>Citing from periodicals, journals, magazines, newspapers and articles: </li></ul><ul><li>D rucker P., “The Discipline of Innovation”, Cambridge, Harvard Business Review , Harvard Business School Press, 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>Citing from internet: </li></ul><ul><li>Bilim ve Teknolojileri Stratejileri, Vizyon 2023, </li></ul><ul><li><http://vizyon2023.tubitak.gov.tr/>, (2003). </li></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>Direct quotes must always be credited. </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Word provides a facility to write the references easily by using “footnote statement” which is under insert menu. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click insert, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click reference, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then click footnote. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Appendix <ul><li>Appendices are reference materials provided for the convenience of the reader at the back of the paper, after the text. </li></ul><ul><li>In the appendix, you can give additional information. It may include maps, charts, tables and selected documents. </li></ul><ul><li>If there are more than one material in the appendix, then write as a title like: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appendix 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appendix 2 </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Table of Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>General Overview of the Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><li>6. Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Appendices </li></ul>

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