Pulse polio immunization
Pulse polio is an immunization
campaign established by the
government of India to eliminate
person and by vaccinating children
under age of Five years against polio
virus . It was established in 1995-96.
Pulse polio immunization
symptoms and causes
History of Pulse Polio
First recorded case of polio is from 5
year old boy from Syria whose history
was carved in three thousand years ago.
Cleaner environment after the Industrial
Era legato epidermis of polio.
Americans thinks that Italians have
brought it since they live in small house
1789 – British physician Michael Underwood
provided the first description of POLIO.
1840 – German physician Jacob Von Heine
published 78-pages monograph to describe the
clinical feature of polio.
1908 – Austrian physician Karl Landsteiner
describes that it is caused by a virus.
1936 – Albert Sabin & Peter Olitsky cultured polio
virus in nervous cells.
1954 – John Enders got Nobel prizes for founding
this virus in muscles cells.
Funding political comments.
Lack of health services.
No management of human resources.
Small size of campaigns.
Only some campaigns were present
The increasing frequency in drops and
cases of polio caused many rumors
that vaccination is not working they are
Rumors also spread that these polio
vaccines are made up from dogs and
But later it was decided and found there
is no presence of dogs and pigs blood.
Widespread vaccination changed that.
Today, the United States is free from polio.
There have been no reported cases for several
decades. However, vaccination is still
important. Polio still exists in other parts of the
world. Without vaccination, infections could
All children should be vaccinated against
polio. IPV is given in four doses, as follows:
first dose: 2 months old
second dose: 4 months old
third dose: between 6 and 18 months
fourth dose: between 4 and 6 years old
Some children may get a fifth dose as part of a
The Health Association of India first decided
to give 3 to 4 OPV doses.
OPV doses are the doses given by the
campaign to the children under age of 5
years. The full form of OPV is “Oral Polio
Drops”. The Health Association of India first
decided 3 to 4 OPV doses but later they
decided every child should get 8 to 10 OPV
doses. If vaccined child has diarrhoea then
the chances of getting polio may be there .
This is because the diarrhoea virus is
capable in destroying the polio vaccine.
Most adults don’t need polio vaccinations
since they were probably vaccinated as
children. However, certain people are at
higher risk of infection. To interact the
peoples attraction Health Association
published many posters. Like---
The polio is caused by poliovirus.
The poliovirus is a member of a large
family known as Picornaviruses ,
Polio belongs to ennteroviruses
subgroup which consists 70 viruses of
It is one of the smallest RNA viruses.
Incubation Period is between – 3 to
Period of communicability is
to 10 days.
Favorable environment is in the Rainy
• Sore throat
• Arm and leg pain
• Muscle tenderness
• Problem swelling
• Loss of reflexes
• Severe spasm
• Muscle pain
• High fever
• Much weakness
• Lack of appropriate orthopedic bracing
• Sudden paralyze
Replacement of wild Poliovirus in the community.
Intensified Pulse Polio Immunization Programme.
All children under the 5 year should be vaccined.
NGO should be opened.
There should be three zones- Low burden , middle
burden , high burden.
Wild Poliovirus transmission is limited to a Focal
To interrupt transmission of wild polio virus as soon
FUTURE BENEFITS OF POLIO ERADICTION
ONCE POLIO IS ERADICATED, THE WORLD CAN CELEBRATE NOT ONLY
THE ERADICATION OF A DISEASE BUT THE DELIVERY OF A GLOBAL
PUBLIC GOOD – SOMETHING FROM WHICH EVERY PERSON,
REGARDLESS OF RACE, SEX, ETHNICITY, ECONOMIC STATUS OR
RELIGIOUS BELIEF, CAN BENEFIT FOR ALL TIME, NO MATTER WHERE
THE HUMANITARIAN BENEFIT IS TREMENDOUS, AS BETWEEN 2002 AND
2040, OVER TEN MILLION NEW CASES OF POLIO WORLDWIDE WOULD
MANIFEST THEMSELVES. ADDITIONALLY, THE SAVINGS OF POLIO
ERADICATION ARE POTENTIALLY AS HIGH AS US$ 1.5 BILLION PER YEAR
– FUNDS THAT COULD BE USED TO ADDRESS OTHER PUBLIC HEALTH
Made BY –
Aryan Gupta (leader)
Mayank raman tripathi
Kritik raj sawlani