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The Dreams conversation class stirs interest in students, giving them new vocabulary and idioms.
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  1. 1. Why do we dream? Conversation Club www.englishcircles.com
  2. 2. The Dreaming Process <ul><li>Stage 1: The first stage of sleep is a very light sleep lasting just a few minutes. If the sleeper is not disturbed by anything, he or she will quickly journey into… </li></ul>There are four stages of sleep Stage 2: This is a much deeper sleep. Dreams start to develop, and although there are no clear images, vague thoughts and ideas drift through the sleeper's mind. If the sleeper remains undisturbed, he or she will drift off into… Stage 3: The sleeper's muscles are all relaxed by now, and his or her heart rate has slowed down. His or her breathing is steady and even. The sleeper is very difficult to wake now. Only two things can wake the sleeper now, a loud noise or an repetitious calling of the sleeper's name. Before long, the sleeper will venture into… Stage 4: This is the time the dreams occur. Both the sleeper's blood pressure and heart rate fluctuate, the sleeper's brain heats up. Then comes REM. If the sleeper is woken up during this time, he or she will be able to remember a recently dreamt dream. The sleeper goes into a REM stage after a short period and cycles through REM and stage 4 until woken up.
  3. 3. Dreams come from the stomach … or so they say. Can food really give you dreams?
  4. 4. Dreams come from the stomach <ul><li>There is a dream which I can evoke as often as I please. If, in the evening, I eat anchovies , olives, or other strongly salted foods, I am thirsty at night, and therefore I wake. The waking, however, is preceded by a dream, which always has the same content, namely, that I am drinking. I am drinking long draughts of water; it tastes as delicious as only a cool drink can taste when one 's throat is parched ; and then I wake, and find that I have an actual desire to drink. The cause of this dream is thirst, which I perceive when I wake. </li></ul>Where do you think dreams come from?
  5. 5. Your dreams <ul><li>Do you remember your dreams? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the last dream you remember? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you like dreaming? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have recurring dreams? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever been woken up by a nightmare? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you someone else in your dreams? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think dreams means? </li></ul>Discuss with the people next to you
  6. 6. Talking about sleep have a lie-in feel drowsy dead to the world sleeping pills wipe the sleep from you eyes catch 40 winks be fast asleep drop off have a (cat) nap sleep like a log sleep-in have a restless night snooze snore sleep walk count sheep have a bad dream oversleep sleep it off yawn fall asleep jump out of bed suffer from insomnia get a good night's sleep
  7. 7. Déjà vu? <ul><li>The feeling that you’ve experienced something before! </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever had a dream that’s come true? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you believe that dreams help you solve problems? </li></ul><ul><li>Can dreams help us predict the future? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever been scared by déjà vu? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Your dreams <ul><li>Do you talk in your sleep? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever walked in your sleep? </li></ul><ul><li>Do dreams effect your life? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you daydream? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you like to live any of your dreams? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever talked to anyone about a dream? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you ‘force’ a dream? </li></ul>Discuss with the people next to you
  9. 9. The Interpretation of Dreams <ul><li>What do they all mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it possible to interpret dreams ? </li></ul>Freud thought so Here are some ‘symbols’ to help you ‘interpret’ airplane  - represents that one may be able to overcome some obstacles beheading  - recalling a bad decision or poor judgment you might have forgotten climbing  - symbolizes the attainment of new goals danger  - the dreamer must be careful in the future or there will be trouble eating  - the dreamer is being nourished and taken care of falling  - shows that the dreamer has failed to achieve a goal hammer  - shows that the dreamer is building new dreams island  - a person is stuck and does not know where to go or what to do http://library.thinkquest.org/11130/data/interpret/symbolism.html
  10. 10. The Interpretation of Dreams <ul><li>In groups, discuss this dream </li></ul><ul><li>I was on my way to visit my father, with whom I've recently had a disagreement. As I turned onto the main street going to his house, I saw a giant bunch of white roses taller than all the trees around. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Interpretation of Dreams <ul><li>Now, interpret this dream </li></ul><ul><li>All of a sudden my husband (who died last September) was trying to inject me with something that would kill me. I struggled with him, but he finally gave me this shot that made my tongue and throat swell up. He kept telling me he had to do this. I was dying, but I finally got away and found someone in a truck to take me to the hospital. They were able to give me something to save me. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Interpretation of Dreams <ul><li>Now, interpret this dream </li></ul><ul><li>I remember a while back, I was in a haunted house with my friends. I was being chased by a vampire. I remember running down this big hall lined with plastic and jumping out of a two-story window. When I jumped out of the window, I hit the ground and leaped over a fence. The house is still so clear to me. It was big, grey with black shutters and a red door. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Interpretation of Dreams <ul><li>Now, interpret this dream </li></ul><ul><li>Last night I dreamt I was in forest. There were people all around that I didn't know, but I was with a few people that I did know. Down by the stream by a small tree I found a pair of metal scissors. Then I noticed across the river there was a large tree that had it's branches twisted. I tried to cut the branches. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Interpretation of Dreams <ul><li>Now, in groups, try and interpret YOUR dreams </li></ul>Choose a dream that you remember well, or make one up In your group interpret it Recognise the symbolism (white rose, flying, climbing) Think about physical sensations Consider your emotions in the dream Most importantly, be skeptical
  15. 15. Déjà vu? <ul><li>The feeling that you’ve experienced something before! </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever had a dream that’s come true? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you believe that dreams help you solve problems? </li></ul><ul><li>Can dreams help us predict the future? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever been scared by déjà vu? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Team Quiz <ul><li>Q1. What does REM stand for? </li></ul><ul><li>Q2. Which kind of food is a likely cause of nightmares? </li></ul><ul><li>Q3. True/False – All people dream in black and white. </li></ul><ul><li>Q4. If you see a sleepwalker at the top of the stairs, you should? </li></ul><ul><li>Q5. How many dreams do we have in a night? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Déjà vu? <ul><li>The feeling that you’ve experienced something before! </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever had a dream that’s come true? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you believe that dreams help you solve problems? </li></ul><ul><li>Can dreams help us predict the future? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever been scared by déjà vu? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Team Quiz <ul><li>Q6. Explain déjà vu? </li></ul><ul><li>Q7. How many stages of sleep are there? </li></ul><ul><li>Q8. What does ‘falling’ symbolise in a dream? </li></ul><ul><li>Q9. What animal do we count in trying to sleep? </li></ul><ul><li>Q10. What does ‘skeptical’ mean </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone get 10? </li></ul><ul><li>DREAM ON! </li></ul>
  19. 19. Thank you for coming …and don’t have nightmares!