Mmt82 ingles

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Tutorial Global Marketing Competition en inglés primera fase

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Mmt82 ingles

  1. 1. G#1. 07*4 7/ * ;25=4*<276 2; <7 .5=4*<.:.*42<A *6- # 25=4*276; -7 ;7 ?21* -.0:.. 7/ *,,=:*,A ;=8.:27: 7 *6A71.: *6- 1* *-*6*0. *447?; /7: 26-.81 :.*42;2, :*26260 26 +=;26.;;5*6*0.5.6 #1.A 8:72-. 1*6-; 768:*,2,*4 5*6*0.5.6 .@8.:2.6,. *6-+:260 1. ?7:4- 7/ 4.*:6260 ,47;.: 7 1.,758.22.6.;; 7/ 1. 5*:3. H *,3 #:7=G#1. :*26260 87;;2+2422.; 7//.:.- +A# 25=4*276; *:. 1. 57; ,7584..7/ *6A **24*+4. 76 1. 26.:6*276*4;*0. #1. :.*42;5 *6- *,,=:*,A 7/ 1.+.1*27: 7/ 1. ;,.6*:27; *:. ;75. 7/1. /26.; 9=*422.; 1* ;. # *8*: H !*B4 .:*4+*
  2. 2. HIRKB@AM -K:QBL **1 HKI
  3. 3. EE KB@AML KLKO=
  4. 4. PPP
  5. 5. IK:QBLFFM
  6. 6. HF**1 0BFNE:MBHGL BL : K@BLMK= MK:=F:KD H? -K:QBL **1 HKI
  7. 7. 1ABL =HNFGM BL LN;CM MH A:G@ PBMAHNM GHMB
  8. 8. 2,.6;.1A HGMGML H? MABL =HNFGM :K LN;CM MH MA **1 0BFNE:MBHGL )BGL U)BGLV
  9. 9. 1ABL =HNFGM :G HGER; NL= BG HFIEB:G PBMA MA )BGL HG=BMBHGL
  10. 10. 6HN F:R H;M:BG : HIR H? MA )BGL HG=BMBHGL :MPPP
  11. 11. IK:QBLFFM
  12. 12. HF )BGL KJNLM )BGL HG=BMBHGL
  13. 13. .0*4 72,.-K:QBL **1 HKIHK:MBHG BL GHM KLIHGLB;E ?HK MA GMKR H? =:M: BGMH MA LBFNE:MHK KKHKL HK HFBLLBHGL BG MAGMKR H? =:M: MA HGLJNGL MAL KKHKL HK HFBLLBHGL F:R A:O HG RHNK KLNEML ;K:D=HPGL H? LKOKL HKMEIAHG HFI:GBL :G= MA HGLJNGL MAR F:R :NL
  14. 14. -K:QBL **1 :GGHM @N:K:GM :LL MH MA P; LBG MABL BL LN;CM MH =?BBGBL :G= =?ML :NL= ;RBGHKKM NL ;:= GMKGM HGGMBHG :B=GML HK QMKG:E :NLL LNA :L LKOK K:LAL A:K=P:K :G=HKLKOK =?BBGBL =B??BNEMR BG :LLBG@ MA LKOK =:F:@= :;EL HK :GMGG:L BGMKKNIMBHGL BG MAHGGMBHG IHPK HNM:@L M
  15. 15. 6HN :K KLIHGLB;E ?HK DIBG@ RHNK I:LLPHK=L :G= :LL H=L LKM
  16. 16. 6HN PBEE ; KLIHGLB;E ?HK MAHGLJNGL H? @BOBG@ RHNK I:LLPHK= MH : MABK= I:KMR PAH MAG NLL MABL BG?HKF:MBHG PBMA HK PBMAHNM RHNKIKFBLLBHG
  17. 17. #NKMAK KIKH=NMBHG IKHAB;BM= PBMAHNM IKFBLLBHG
  18. 18. # D 2 F *6=*:A
  19. 19. # ##
  20. 20. +1/,!2 1,+
  21. 21. 1% ,*-+0
  22. 22. */(10
  23. 23. -/,!2 10
  24. 24. -/,!2 1 /0/ % +! !3),-*+1
  25. 25. 00*)6 -)+10
  26. 26. -/,!2 1,+ 4,/(#,/
  27. 27. /4 *1/)0 +! +/$6
  28. 28. !/ 1 -/,!2 1,+ ,010
  29. 29. ,3/%!
  30. 30. !*+!
  31. 31. 0$*+11,+ +! -,01,++$
  32. 32. -/,!2 1 )# 6 )
  33. 33. !3/10+$
  34. 34. 1/+0-,/11,+ ,010 +! 1/##0
  35. 35. -/ 0
  36. 36. ,/-,/1 0, ) /0-,+0)16 0/
  37. 37. 4//+16 +! /-/0
  38. 38. 0)0 -/,*,1,+0
  39. 39. / +$ 1*
  40. 40. 6/0 +!
  41. 41. ,-/1+$ 0% +!!
  42. 42. #++ +$
  43. 43. )+0 ,# /!1
  44. 44. #++ ) +301*+10
  45. 45. */(1 /0/ %
  46. 46. --+!5
  47. 47. #!$#6HN A:O ;G ABK= MH LM:KM :G= KNG :G :NMHFH;BE F:GN?:MNKBG@ HFI:GR
  48. 48. 6HNK ;NLBGLL PBEE ; E:NGA= :LLHHG :L MA LBFNE:MBHG LM:KML :M PABA MBF RHN PBEE A:O MH E:R HNM RHNK HFI:GRXL LAHKM F=BNF :G= EHG@MKF IE:GL :G= PABA PBEE ; HFIKBL= H? : LM H? =BLBHGL PABA RHN PBEE LIB?R HOK : LBFNE:M= HGR:KMBF LI:G
  49. 49. 6HNK =BLBHGL :K IKHLL= ;R -K:QBL **1 0BFNE:MBHG PABA HNMINML MA KLNEML H;M:BG= ?HK:A HFI:GR MH MA I:KMBBI:GML
  50. 50. :A HFI:GR BL NG:P:K H? MA HMAK HFI:GBLX =BLBHGL :G= KLNEMLL:O ?HK MA:M BG?HKF:MBHG PABA F:R ; H;M:BG= ?KHF F:KDM KIHKML :G= LNKORL
  51. 51. 2LBG@ MAHL KLNEML MA HFI:GBL M:DBG@ I:KM BG MA LBFNE:MBHGFNLM =OBL : GP F:G:@FGM IE:G ?HK MA GQM R:K PABA PBEEKLNEM BG GP =BLBHGL ?HEEHPBG@ MA L:F IKHLL :L ;?HK :G=LH HG
  52. 52. 1A LBFNE:MBHG =BKMHK PBEE LIB?R AHP F:GR MBFL R:KL MA ;NLBGLL IE:GL PBEE ; KI:M=
  53. 53. M MA G=:A HFI:GRXL KLNEML PBEE ; HFI:K= MA @H:E ;BG@ MH F:QBFBS IKH?BML ;:L= HG MA :NFNE:M= IKH?BM
  54. 54. 1A H;CMBO ?HK :A HFI:GR PBEE ; MH :IIER MA DGHPE=@ :G= KBMKB: G== MH F:D LHNG= ;NLBGLLF:G:@FGM =BLBHGL
  55. 55. 4EHF MH MA PHKE= H? EHHFHMBHG
  56. 56. ## #!#?HK LM:KMBG@ RHN FNLM A:O :G= ; ?:FBEB:K PBMA MAK LHNK =HNFGML 1A 0G:KBH :G= GLMKNMBHGL IKHOB== BG MABL =HNFGM
  57. 57. HLML :G= HMAK =:M: :??MBG@ MA LG:KBH
  58. 58. G MABL =HNFGM RHN PBEE L MA BHG :II:K MAKHN@AHNM PABA F:GL UL G?HKF:MBHG
  59. 59. V M MA MBF H? PKBMBG@ MA NKKGR MH ; NL= BG RHNK LBFNE:MBHG :L PEE :L MA LG:KBH I:K:FMKL MA !BKMHK PBEE LM:;EBLA :K GHM DGHPG MAK?HK PAGOK RHN ?BG= MAL BHG RHN LAHNE= K?K MH RHNK FGN BG MA LBFNE:MHK ?HK MA NI=:M= =:M:
  60. 60. 1A ,IK:MBG@ GLMKNMBHGL PABA PBEE MEE RHN AHP MH G:OB@:M MA LBFNE:MHK :G= M:D :=O:GM:@ H? MA KLHNKL H??K= MAKBG
  61. 61. 6HN PBEE ; :LLB@G= : NLKG:F :G= I:LLPHK= MH GMK MA LBFNE:MBHG
  62. 62. 1AL =HNFGML :K :O:BE:;E MH RHNBG MA LBFNE:MHK PAK RHN PBEE :ELH BGINM RHNK =BLBHGL :G= L MABK KLNEML
  63. 63. ! !# !1A MBF O:KB:;E A:L ;G A:G=E= ;R :LLB@GBG@ :GGN:E KIHKMBG@ IKBH=L HBGB=BG@ PBMA : :EG=:K R:K
  64. 64. 1ABLBL LBFIER : HGOGMBHG :G= A:L GH ?NKMAK BFIEB:MBHGL
  65. 65. *HLM HFI:GBL =H BG== E:R HNM MABK ;NLBGLL IE:GLHG R:KER BGMKO:EL HBGB=BG@ PBMA ?BL:E R:KL
  66. 66. /IHKMBG@ IKBH=L H? FHGMAL HK HG FHGMA HK :GR HMAK MBF IKBH= HNE= CNLM :L :LBER A:O ;G NL=
  67. 67. M BLH? GH HGLJNG MH MA LBFNE:MBHG
  68. 68. 1A F:BG IHBGM BL MH :KKR HNM MA IA:LL BG : HFI:GRXL ;NLBGLL REG:ERLBL -E:GGBG@ FIEFGM:MBHG :G= HGMKHE :G= MA:M BL PA:M MA LBFNE:MHK =HL
  69. 69. $BOG MA OBKMN:E HGR:K IKBH= MAG BM BL :LLNF= MA:M MA ;NLBGLL IE:GL :K IKLGM= HG :GN:KR :G=MA:M RHNK HFI:GRXL :@KFGML PBMA BML FIEHRL EBGML LNIIEBKL :G= ?BG:GB:E BGLMBMNMBHGL M:D ??M HGMA:M =:M
  70. 70. 1A ;HHDL :K EHL= HNM MA ?HEEHPBG@ !F;K MA:M ;BG@ MA =:M H? RHNK HFI:GRXL ?BG:GB:ELM:MFGML
  71. 71. 6HNK IE:G MAK?HK :L LIB?B= BG MA =BLBHGL RHN F:D GMKL BML BFIEFGM:MBHG IA:L HG :GN:KR :G=MA KLNEML GMK MA HGMKHE IA:L HG !F;K
  72. 72. 1A :FHKMBS:MBHG HG EH:GL :G= K=BM EBGL :EHG@ PBMA KMNKGL HG BGOLMFGML PBEE ; F:= HG :GN:KR BGHMAK PHK=L MA GQM PHKDBG@ =:R :?MK MA ;:E:G LM:MFGM BL BLLN=
  73. 73. 1A LBFNE:MHK PBEE LM :LB= MA:FHNGML GLL:KR MH FM MA ?BG:GB:E H;EB@:MBHGL ?HK:LM ?HK :GN:KR
  74. 74. !# !!G HK=K MH ?NGMBHG BG MA :NMHFHMBO LMHK : DGHPE=@ H? KM:BG:LIML H? MA ;NLBGLL BL : FNLM
  75. 75. 6HNK HFI:GRXL HPGKL A:O=E@:M= MAL :LIML MH KL:KA HFI:GBL
  76. 76. 1ABL =HNFGM 1A0G:KBH BL MA KLNEM H? MA:M KL:KA
  77. 77. ? BG MA ?NMNK RHNK HFI:GR HFFBLLBHGL F:KDM KL:KA MH DGHPPA:M BL A:IIGBG@ BG MA BG=NLMKR RHN FNLM :LD ?HK BM :L I:KM H? RHNK=BLBHGL
  78. 78. 1A KLNEMBG@ KIHKML PBEE ; F:= :O:BE:;E PBMA MA R:KERLM:MFGM
  79. 79. #HK R:KL :G= MA KIHKML PBEE ; @GK:M= :NMHF:MB:EER :G= RHNPBEE GHM A:O MH KJNLM MAF
  80. 80. $!!( # # !L LM:M= :;HO MA LBFNE:MHK A:L :G FGN PAK OKR :LIM QIKLL= BG NKKGR MKFL BLIKLGM= MH RHN BG I:@L
  81. 81. 1AL BGLMKNMBHGL PBEE =M:BE MA DBG= H? BG?HKF:MBHG RHN LAHNE= A:O HG MALBFNE:MHK :G= PAK MH ?BG= BM :L ?HEEHPL 8 *GN 59
  82. 82. 4 KHFFG= RHN IKBGM HNM MA G?HKF:MBHG MH :OHB= A:OBG@ MH OBLBM MA LBFNE:MHK ?HK OKR HGLNEM:MBHG
  83. 83. L MA LBFNE:MBHG IKH@KLLL :G= ?KHF HG R:K MH MA GQM A:G@L BG MA LG:KBH FB@AM M:D IE: PABA RHNLAHNE= ; :P:K H?
  84. 84. 1AL PBEE :II:K BG MA I:@L HG MA LBFNE:MHK
  85. 85. ?HK F:DBG@ : IE:GMAK?HK RHN LAHNE= AD MAL I:@L :G= @H HOK MA BG?HKF:MBHG
  86. 86. #!(1ABL =HNFGM NLL BGMKG:MBHG:EER KH@GBS= MKFBGHEH@R ?HK :A E:G@N:@
  87. 87. +H K@BHG:E HK @H@K:IABLIB?B GHFGE:MNK HK B=BHFL :K NL=
  88. 88. 1A ?HEEHPBG@ MKFL :K LRGHGRFHNL *:GN?:MNKK HFI:GR HGLMKNMHK ;K:G=
  89. 89. -E:GM :LLF;ER IE:GM ?:MHKR
  90. 90. G=NLMKR LMHK
  91. 91. *:KDM :K: @H@K:IAB :K: K@BHG @H@K:IAB K@BHG
  92. 92. !:EK =BLMKB;NMHK
  93. 93. NMHFH;BE OABE :K :NMH
  94. 94. /@:K=BG@ LIB?B MKFBGHEH@R MA I:KMBBI:GM FNLM K:EBS MA:M LHFHG PHKDBG@ HNMLB= MA @H@K:IAB :K:PAK A P:L K:BL= HK =N:M= FNLM :=:IM MH MA:M :K:XL EH:EBLFL
  95. 95. 4 HGLB=K MABL MH ; : FBGHK IHBGMLIB:EER HGLB=KBG@ MA ;B@@K A:EEG@L ;BG@ :==KLL= AK
  96. 96. ! ($! ( # ##! G MA KLNEML RHNK HFI:GRXL IHLBMBHG PBMA KLIM MH MA HMAK ?BO I:KMBBI:MBG@ BG MA LBFNE:MBHG PBEE :II:K CNLM NG=K MA EB:;BEBMBL BG MA U HFI:GBL :E:G 0AMV ?BE
  97. 97. 1A K:GDBG@ KBMKBHG NL= BL :NFNE:M= IKH?BM
  98. 98. 6HNK HFI:GRXL K:GDBG@ BG?HKF:MBHG BL HGER :L BFIHKM:GM :L MA !BKMHK =B=L
  99. 99. G HMAK PHK=L MAK :K F:GR P:RL MH :LLLL : HFI:GRXL IK?HKF:G ;NM BG MA KLNEML RHN PBEE ?BG= MA KBMKBHG =LKB;= :;HO
  100. 100. # 1A BGBMB:E HG=BMBHGL :K MA L:F ?HK :EE HFI:GBL :G= MA:M BL PAR MAR LM:KM HNM PBMA :G B=GMB:E ;:E:GLAM 8 *GN 9
  101. 101. 6HN FNLM :LLB@G : G:F MH RHNK HFI:GR
  102. 102. 1A LBFNE:MHK :IML NI MH A:K:MKL
  103. 103. 1ABL PBEE :ELH ; RHNKMK:=F:KD G:F
  104. 104. EE HFI:GBL PBEE NL MA L:F NKKGR 8 *GN 9
  105. 105. EE =BLBHGL PBEE ; GMK= :G=KLNEML =BLIE:R= NLBG@ MABL NKKGR
  106. 106. G HMAK PHK=L:EE =BLBHGL ?HK :GR F:KDM BG PABA RHNK HFI:GRHIK:ML PBEE ; F:= BG MA LM:;EBLA= NKKGR
  107. 107. #HK MA ?BKLM R:K :EE ?BKFL A:O MH =B= MABKA:=JN:KMKL EH:MBHG ?HK MA LMK:M@B =BLBHGLGMK
  108. 108. / ! IKH=NMBHG IE:GGBG@ INKA:LBG@ MK:=:G= F:KDMBG@ ?BG:G %/ EH@BLMBL :=FBGBLMK:MBHG:K:L M
  109. 109. PBEE ; GMK:EBS= MAK GH F:MMK AHPF:GR =E@:MBHGL MA ?BKF F:R A:O BG IE:GML :G=K@BHGL
  110. 110. 1A QIGLL :LLHB:M= PBMA MA A:=JN:KMKL :K : ?BQ= :FHNGM HG R:KL :G= 8 *GN 9
  111. 111. #KHF R:K HG MAR PBEE =IG= NIHG MPH ?:MHKL ?BQ= HLM JN:E MH MA:M H? R:K
  112. 112. 1A MHM:E GNF;K H? =BKM E:;HK :M :EE MA :LLF;ER IE:GML
  113. 113. L : KNE H? MANF; RHN LAHNE= HNGM HG A:OBG@ HG IKLHG BG MA A:=JN:KMKL ?HK OKR LBQ IE:GM PHKDKL BG :LLF;ER IE:GML
  114. 114. G RHNK :ENE:MBHGL RHN FNLM :ELH HGLB=K MA :OK:@ HLM IK IKLHG BG MA A:=JN:KMKL 8 *GN 9
  115. 115. !#6HNK HFI:GR F:R F:GN?:MNK :G=HK F:KDM BML IKH=NML BG MPH F:KDML :A ;BG@ : @H@K:IAB K@BHGHFIKBL= H? LOK:E HNGMKBL
  116. 116. ++HKMA FKB: :G:=: *QBH :G= MA 2GBM= 0M:ML
  117. 117. 4+HKMAKG NKHI E@BNF !GF:KD #K:G $KF:GR %HEE:G= KE:G= M:ER -HKMN@:E 0I:BG :G= MA 2GBM= (BG@=HF
  118. 118. 1A FH=E KLIHG=L FNA :L MA :MN:E F:KDML PHNE= BG MAHL K@BHGL PAK RHN :G HIK:M MAHN@A BM BL GHM F:GM MH ; :G Q:M LBFNE:MBHG
  119. 119. %G MA LBFNE:MBHG BGBMB:EER KLIHG=L MH MA K:E F:KDM ;NM MA I:KMBBI:MBG@ HFI:GBL PBEE OGMN:EER MK:GL?HKF BM PBMA MABK =BLBHGL
  120. 120. 1A HFIMBG@ HFI:GBL FNLM =B= PAK MH ;:L MABK A:=JN:KMKL MAHN@A MABL BG GH P:R ?HKL MAF MH F:GN?:MNKLEE BG MA:M @H@K:IAB :K:
  121. 121. :A HFI:GR F:R F:GN?:MNKF:KDM BML IKH=NML PAK BM =LBKL
  122. 122. 1A LBFNE:MBHG A:L LBQ HFI:GBL :G= :A K@BHG :EK:=R A:L PA:M :K :EE= ULM:;EBLA=V HFI:GBL PABAA:O ;G HIK:MBG@ ?HK LHF MBF
  123. 123. :A F:KDMK@BHG BL :LLNF= MH A:O ?HNK LM:;EBLA= HFI:GBL ;NM ?HK:EE BGMGML :G= INKIHLL :G= ?HK MA L:D H? LBFIEB?B:MBHG MAR ;A:O :L HG
  124. 124. :A K@BHG A:L ML HPG IK :IBM: BGHF
  125. 125. GBMB:EER MABL O:EN K?EML MA K:EPHKE= BGHF ;NM BM PBEE O:KR :?MK MA ?BKLM R:K 8 *GN 9
  126. 126. GBMB:EER MA :MN:E IK :IBM: BGHF BL NL=
  127. 127. 1A LBFNE:MHK PBEE BG?HKF RHN H? AHP MABL A:G@L :A R:KKIHKMBG@ IKBH=
  128. 128. OABE L:EL M:Q MA:M BL BGEN== BG MA LN@@LM= KM:BE IKB 8 *GN 9
  129. 129. HKIHK:M M:Q 8 *GN 9
  130. 130. A:G@BG@ BGMKLM K:ML :L LM ;R MA GMK:E ;:GDL
  131. 131. 6HN PBEE ; BG?HKF= :A R:KKIHKMBG@ IKBH= H? MA A:G@L BG MAL BGMKLM K:ML 8 *GN 9
  132. 132. G :GMBBI:M= MHM:E =F:G= ?HK OABEL 8 *GN 9
  133. 133. 1A ?B@NK LAHPG :G ; :??M= ;R A:G@L BG IK :IBM: BGHF :G= BGMKLM K:ML
  134. 134. 1ABL KIHKM IKHOB=L RHN PBMA :NK:M BG?HKF:MBHG K@:K=BG@ MA MPH K@BHGL BG PABA RHNK HFI:GR :GHIK:M
  135. 135. !$#6HNK HFI:GR :G F:GN?:MNK OABEL BG MAK =B??KGM FH=EL :G= PBMA MPH =B??KGM G@BG MRIL
  136. 136. ?HK RHNK HFI:GR GMK= MA LMHK MA BG=NLMKR A:= :EK:=R B=GMB?B= MAK =B??KGM IKH=NM L@FGMLHKKLIHG=BG@ MH MAK =B??KGM MRIL H? OABEL PABA :K BGMG== ?HK MA =B??KGM ;NRKL
  137. 137. 1AL HKKLIHG=MH PA:M G@BGKL :EE WIE:M?HKFLX :G= :K =?BG= ;R MA OABELX =BFGLBHGL :G= MABK LA:I
  138. 138. 1AL@FGMLIE:M?HKFL :G= MA FBGBFNFF:QBFNF =BFGLBHGL :O:BE:;E MH RHNK =OEHIKL :K :L ?HEEHPL
  139. 139. FH=E BL =?BG= ;R BML MAK =BFGLBHGL :G= BML LA:I HFI:M :G= L=:G
  140. 140. A:G@ MH :GR H? MAL ?HNKA:K:MKBLMBL PBEE KLNEM BG :GHMAK FH=E
  141. 141. 1A F:KDM L@FGM :A FH=E BL BGMG== ?HK BL =MKFBG=QENLBOER ;R MA EG@MA :G= LA:I
  142. 142. 1A =B??KGM FH=E OKLBHGL :K =?BG= ;R MA G@BG MRI :G==BLIE:FGM :G= ;R MA MKBF :G= HIMBHG I:D:@L
  143. 143. KM:BG MRIL H? OABEL LNA :L ?NEELBS :KL IE:M?HKF L=:GL LIHKML :KLHGOKMB;EL AB@A ENQNKR 023LO:GL :G= MKNDLIBDNIL A:O GHM ;G BGEN== BG MA LBFNE:MBHG
  144. 144. 3KR AB@A IK?HKF:G OKLBHGL H? MA FHLMHFFHG :M@HKBL A:O :ELH ;G QEN==
  145. 145. G MA BG=NLMKR ;BG@ FNE:M= MA MKF IE:M?HKF PABA K?KL MH LBS BL JNBO:EGM MH L@FGM PABA K?KL MH: LM @KHNI H? ;NRKL
  146. 146. 1A MKF NL= O:KBL :HK=BG@ MH MA BG?HKF:MBHG LHNK ;NM MAR ;HMA K?K MH MAL:F MABG@
  147. 147. G MABL LBFNE:MHK MAK :K IE:M?HKFL :G= L@FGML
  148. 148. ,G MKFBGHEH@R NL= H? F:GR BG MA 20BL 0@FGM 0N;HFI:M
  149. 149. 0@FGM *B=LBS
  150. 150. 0@FGM HFI:M
  151. 151. 6HNK HFI:GR FNLM =OEHI MA OABEL RHN LIB?R
  152. 152. OABE BL : WFH=EX :G= RHN =?BG BML =BFGLBHGL B
  153. 153. EG@MA PB=MA AB@AM :G= LA:I
  154. 154. OABEXL =BFGLBHGL FNLM ; PBMABG MA F:K@BGL LM HNM :;HO
  155. 155. :A FH=E :G A:O =B??KGM OKLBHGL :HK=BG@ MH G@BG MRI =BLIE:FGM HIMBHGL :G= MKBF
  156. 156. 6HNKHFI:GR :G A:O : F:QBFNF H? OKLBHGL ?HK :A FH=E
  157. 157. 1PH MRIL H? G@BG :G ; ;NBEM :G= BGLM:EE= BG :GR OABE BG :GR L@FGM @:LHEBG :G= =BLE
  158. 158. 1A=BLIE:FGML RHN :G NL :K :L ?HEEHPL =IG=BG@ HG MA G@BG MRI :G= L@FGM1AK?HK MA I:K:FMKL RHN FNLM LIB?R ?HK :A FH=E OKLBHG :K G@BG =BLIE:FGM HIMBHGL :G=MKBF
  159. 159. 1A HIMBHGL BGOHEO MAGB:E I:D:@L LNA :L I:LLBO:MBO L:?MR LRLMFL EB@AML G:OB@:MBHG LRLMFLM
  160. 160. PBMA PABA : OABE :G ; JNBII=
  161. 161. 1A MKBF BGOHEOL MA F:MKB:EL :G= EOE H? HF?HKM
  162. 162. 1AK HIMBHG:G= MKBF EOEL :K :O:BE:;E :LB *=BNF #NEE
  163. 163. #HK :A FH=E RHN :G =OEHI OKLBHGL MA:M BGHKIHK:MMA ?HEEHPBG@ MKBF :G= HIMBHG I:D:@L
  164. 164. 6HN F:R =OEHI :L F:GR OKLBHGL :L MAK :K HF;BG:MBHGL PBMA MA ?HEEHPBG@ QIMBHG ,IMBHG PBMA 1KBF
  165. 165. 6HN F:R =OEHI :L F:GR OKLBHGL :L MAK :K HF;BG:MBHGL PBMA MA ?HEEHPBG@ QIMBHG ,IMBHG PBMA 1KBF
  166. 166. G LNFF:KR : FH=E BL =?BG= ;R MA =BFGLBHGL :G= LA:I RHN LIB?R :G=:A OKLBHG H? : FH=E BL =?BG= ;R MA G@BG MA =BLIE:FGM HIMBHG :G=MKBF
  167. 167. 3KLBHGL BG MA LBFNE:MHK /LNEM 0AML :K G:F= 3KLBHG
  168. 168. 1AR BGEN==:M: KE:M= MH BML L@FGM MA R:K :G= MA HK=K MA FH=E P:L =OEHI==BLIE:FGM HIMBHG MKBF :G= R:K MA OKLBHG BMLE? P:L :NMAHKBS=
  169. 169. 1A HK=K H?=OEHIFGM H? : FH=E PBEE ; =LB@G:M= PBMA EMMKL HK
  170. 170. 0H ?HK Q:FIE : OKLBHG G:F= 0*!,13 PBEE HKKLIHG=MH : L@FGM OKLBHG ;EHG@BG@ MH : FH=E BG MA ?BKLM IE: =OEHI= BG R:K =BLE
  171. 171. E
  172. 172. HIMBHG MKBF :G= PABA P:L =OEHI= BG R:K
  173. 173. 1AK FNLM ; :M E:LM HG OKLBHG IK FH=E
  174. 174. :A FH=E FNLM A:O : G:F
  175. 175. G :A H? MA K@BHGL BG PABA RHNK HFI:GR :G HIK:M RHN PBEE HGER ; :;E MH F:KDM HG FH=E BG :AL@FGM
  176. 176. 1A:M BL LAHNE= RHN P:GM MH F:KDM OABEL BG OKR L@FGM BG : @BOG K@BHG RHN PHNE= A:O :F:QBFNF H? FH=EL :G= OKLBHGL
  177. 177. GR FH=E ;BG@ F:KDM= BG : @BOG L@FGM BG : K@BHG :G ; LN;LMBMNM= ;R :GHMAK HG MA ?HEEHPBG@ HK :GRHMAK R:K
  178. 178. FH=E :G ; =BLHGMBGN= PBMAHNM A:OBG@ MH ; KIE:= ;R :GHMAK
  179. 179. 0OK:E FH=EL :G ; =LB@G= :G= IKH=N= ?HK MA L:F L@FGM ;NM HGER HG :G ; F:KDM= BG :GR@BOG :K:
  180. 180. !$# !! % #6HNK HFI:GR :G =OEHI HG FH=E IK R:K QIM ?HK MA ?BKLM PAG MA EBFBM BL
  181. 181. FH=EXL K:MBHG :G==OEHIFGM IKHLL BL :L ?HEEHPL
  182. 182. 1A MBF MH F:KDM ?HK :GR GP OABE BL MPH R:KL MPH ?BG:GB:E IKBH=L =NKBG@ PABA RHNK / ! =I:KMFGM BL PHKDBG@ HG MA OABE
  183. 183. 1ABL =I:KMFGM BL EH:M= BG MA L:F @H@K:IAB K@BHG :L MA A:=JN:KMKL
  184. 184. 1A ?BKLM R:K BL ==B:M= MH =LB@GBG@ MA FH=E :G= BML :LLHB:M= :GGN:E HLM 8 *GN 9 BL HGLB=K= :G BGOLMFGM :G= :G :LLM HG MA ;:E:G LAM
  185. 185. 1ABL :LLM BL :FHKMBS= HOK : R:K IKBH= BG :GGN:E JN:KMKER BGKFGML LM:KMBG@ MA R:K MA FH=E BL K:=R MH ; LHE=
  186. 186. 1A LHG= R:K BL ==B:M= MH =OEHIBG@ MA G@BGKBG@ IKHLLL G== MH :=:IM MA MAGB:E ?:BEBMBLF:ABGKR :G= MHHEL MH IKH=N MA FH=E
  187. 187. M A:L MA L:F :GGN:E HLM IK FH=E :L MA =LB@G IA:L :G= BLHGLB=K= :G BGOLMFGM K?EM= :L :G :LLM :G= :FHKMBS= HOK R:KL LM:KMBG@ MA R:K MA FH=E BLK:=R MH ; LHE=
  188. 188. 1AK?HK BG :GR @BOG R:K B? RHN =B= MH =OEHI : GP OABE RHN FNLM =B= HG PA:M FH=E MH=OEHI :G= PABA L@FGM BM BL BGMG== ?HK
  189. 189. 1H =H MABL BGINM MA L@FGM MA GP OABE PBEE ;EHG@ MH BGMHMA LBFNE:MHK MA =BLBHGL HGKGBG@ BML =BFGLBHGL EG@MA PB=MA AB@AM :G= LA:I :G= @BO MA ?NMNKOABE : G:F A:K:MKL F:QBFNF
  190. 190. !NKBG@ MA ?BKLM R:K MA OABE PBEE ; BG MA =LB@G IA:L
  191. 191. 1AL@FGM PBEE ; =?BG= QENLBOER ;R EG@MA :G= LA:I
  192. 192. 1A ?HEEHPBG@ R:K RHN FNLM =B= HG MA FH=E OKLBHGL MH ; =OEHI= OKLBHGL F:QBFNF IK FH=E
  193. 193. 1ABL BL LIB?B= BG MA =BLBHG LAM ;R IKHOB=BG@ MA G@BG MRI :G= =BLIE:FGM MA HIMBHGL :G= MKBF
  194. 194. 1AFH=E :G= BML OKLBHGL PBEE ; BG MA G@BGKBG@ IA:L ?HK HG R:K
  195. 195. 1A ?HEEHPBG@ R:K M MA FH=E :G= BML OKLBHGL PBEE ; K:=R ?HK BFF=B:M F:GN?:MNK :G= F:KDMBG@
  196. 196. L :G QIMBHG BG MA LBFNE:MBHGXL ?BKLM R:K RHN :G =B= MH =OEHI NI MH MAK FH=EL
  197. 197. ?MK MA:M RHN :G=OEHI HG FH=E IK R:K :M FHLM
  198. 198. %! !( # 6HN :G =B= MH =OEHI : GP OKLBHG H? : FH=E :EK:=R HG MA F:KDM :M :GR MBF
  199. 199. :A GP OKLBHG PBEE:ELH KJNBK HG R:K ;?HK BM :G ; F:GN?:MNK= =BLMKB;NM= :G= LHE=
  200. 200. 1A IKI:K:MBHG R:K BL ==B:M= MHG@BGKBG@ :G= IKH=NMBHG FMAH=L
  201. 201. %HPOK M:D BGMH :HNGM MA:M RHN :K :EEHP= MH A:O : F:QBFNF H? OKLBHGL IK FH=E HGLB=KBG@ ;HMAMA QBLMBG@ HGL :G= MAHL ;BG@ =OEHI=
  202. 202. 1ANL B? RHN =B= MH =OEHI : GP OKLBHG H? : @BOG FH=E:G= RHN :EK:=R A:O HG MA F:KDM RHN PBEE G= MH INEE HG H?? MA F:KDM :G= P:BM ?HK HG R:K ;?HK;BG@ :EEHP= MH =OEHI MA GP HG
  203. 203. 1AK BL GH EBFBM MH MA GNF;K H? OKLBHGL MA:M :G ; =OEHI= LBFNEM:GHNLER
  204. 204. +OKMAELL ;:K BG FBG=MA:M RHN :G A:O : F:QBFNF H? OKLBHGL IK FH=E :M : MBF BGEN=BG@ ;HMA MA QBLMBG@ HGL :G= MAHL;BG@ =OEHI=
  205. 205. #$ %!6HNK HFI:GR :G PBMA=K:P FH=EL :G= OKLBHGL ?KHF MA F:KDM :M :GR MBF ;NM : R:K PBEE E:IL ;MPGMA MBF MABL BL GMK= MH MA =BLBHG LAM NGMBE BM BL PBMA=K:PG
  206. 206. 1A FH=E :G= BML OKLBHGL PBEE HGMBGN MH ;LHE= =NKBG@ MA:M MBF :G= OKLBHGL :G LMBEE ; F:GN?:MNK=
  207. 207. 1A KLNEML LAM PBEE LAHP MA NGBML LHE= :G=MAHL PABA HNE= GHM ; LHE= PBEE ; LHE= :M HLM
  208. 208. 1ABL L:EL HIK:MBHG PABA KIKLGML : GM ;:E:G BL GHMLAHPG HG MA GHF 0M:MFGM
  209. 209. ( #G :LLF;ER IE:GM BL =?BG= :L MA IE:GM?:MHKR PABA IKH=NL MA ?BGBLA= :K
  210. 210. 1A IE:GML F:D MA A:LLBL NMMBG@ LM:FIBG@ PE=BG@ :G= I:BGMBG@ :G= :EE MA OABEXL HFIHGGML :K MAG :LLF;E= HG HG HKLOK:E :LLF;ER EBGL
  211. 211. 1ABL KJNBKL MA:M :EE MA HFIHGGML G@BG @:K;HQ MK:GLFBLLBHG :QELLNLIGLBHG =:LA;H:K= PBG=HPL M
  212. 212. ; K:=R :G= :O:BE:;E :M MA IE:GM :M : LIB?B IE: :G= MBF
  213. 213. 0HF H? MAL EFGML :K F:GN?:MNK= ;R MA HFI:GR BMLE? BG HMAK IE:GML GHM BG MA :LLF;ER IE:GML:G= LABII= MH MA IE:GM :M HLM LNA MA:M MAL LN;:LLF;ER IE:GML =H GHM @GK:M IKH?BML
  214. 214. ,MAK HFIHGGML:K INKA:L= ?KHF HNMLB= LNIIEBKL
  215. 215. 1A HFIHGGML :L : PAHE PBEE ; HGLB=K= K:P F:MKB:EL ;HN@AM ?KHF HNMLB= LNIIEBKL
  216. 216. 1ANL PAG PLI:D H? =BKM IKH=NMBHG IKLHGGE MABL K?KL HGER MH MA IKLHGGE FIEHR= BG MA :LLF;ER IE:GML
  217. 217. 6HN FNLM =B= PAK MH BGLM:EE RHNK :LLF;ER IE:GML
  218. 218. 6HN :G A:O : F:QBFNF H? MAK IE:GML IK K@BHG
  219. 219. M MA ;@BGGBG@ H? MA LBFNE:MBHG MA F:QBFNF GNF;K H? :LLF;ER IE:GML RHN :G A:O BG HIK:MBHG BL MAK
  220. 220. 6HN FNLM =B= HG MA LBS H? MA :LLF;ER IE:GM :HK=BG@ MH ?BO IHLLB;E :IBM:E QIG=BMNK AHBL :AKIKLGMBG@ : MAHKMB:E F:QBFNF =:BER OABE :I:BMR ( # ) #!# !$# $# ! (/?K MH MA I:@ 8 *GN 9 MH DGHP MA :IBM:E QIG=BMNK :A MRILBS H? IE:GMKIKLGML
  221. 221. 1AL :LLML :K =IKB:M= :M :G :GGN:E K:M H?
  222. 222. 1A :I:BMBL LIB?B= BG MA :;HO M:;E :K MAHKMB:E :G= :G A:G@ NI HK =HPG =IG=BG@ HG MA FH=E;BG@ F:GN?:MNK=
  223. 223. 1A GNF;K H? NGBML IK =:R BL ;:L= HG L@FGM 0 :LLNFBG@ BM M:DL F:GFBGNML MH :LLF;E HG NGBM
  224. 224. 1A HFI:GBL :K NG=K GH H;EB@:MBHG PA:MLHOK MH F:QBFBS :I:BMR
  225. 225. 4AG =B=BG@ MH BGLM:EE : GP IE:GM RHN FNLM LIB?R BMLLBS 1/ 1/ 1/
  226. 226. ,G R:K PBEE E:IL ?KHF MAMBF MA =BLBHG BL F:= NGMBE MA IE:GM LM:KML IKH=NMBHG
  227. 227. ? AHPOK RHN =B= MH NI@K:= MA IE:GM BG MA ?NMNK@HBG@ ?KHF L:R : 1/ MH : 1/ MA GP IKH=NMBHG:I:BMR PBEE ; :O:BE:;E MA L:F R:K MA =BLBHG MHGE:K@ BL F:=
  228. 228. G MABL :L :L QIM= MABGOLMFGM G= HGER HOK MA LBS =B??KG ;MPGMA GP :G= MA HE= IE:GML
  229. 229. G MA:M :L DI BG FBG= MA:MMA :MN:E BGOLMFGM PBEE ; MA =B??KG ;MPG MAGP LBS :G= MA LBS ;?HK
  230. 230. :A :LLF;ER IE:GM :G HGER F:GN?:MNK HG FH=E:G= BML :LLHB:M= OKLBHGL BG MA L:F IKBH=
  231. 231. =B??KGM FH=E :G ; ;NBEM :A R:KIKBH=
  232. 232. G :==BMBHG MH MA :IBM:E BGOLMFGM BG MA IE:GMXL LMKNMNK :G BGOLMFGM BG F:GN?:MNKBG@ MAGBJNL MHHELF:ABGL KH;HML M
  233. 233. :=:IM= MH MA FH=E =LBK= MH F:GN?:MNK BL GLL:KR ;?HK MA IE:GM :GF:GN?:MNK : @BOG FH=E
  234. 234. 1AL BGOLMFGML :K FH=E LIB?B :G= O:KR :HK=BG@ MH MA IE:GM MRILBS 8 *GN 9
  235. 235. GP BGOLMFGM BG MA L:F :FHNGM PBEE A:O MH ; F:= B? : =B??KGM FH=E BL MH ; ;NBEM BG MA IE:GM
  236. 236. 1A L:F FH=E :G ; F:= BG =B??KGM IE:GML :A KJNBKBG@ MABL L:F BGOLMFGM
  237. 237. GOLMFGML BG MAGB:E ?:BEBMBL :K =IKB:M= :M :G :GGN:E K:M H?
  238. 238. M :GR @BOG MBFR:K RHN :G K:M :G= NI@K:= IE:GML ;R F:DBG@ MA GLL:KR :IBM:E QIG=BMNK
  239. 239. )BDPBL : FH=E :G ; IKH=N= :M :GR IE:GM ;R BGOLMBG@ BG MA KJNBK= MAGB:E ?:BEBMBL ;NM MAL BGOLMFGML :G GOK ; K=N= HK EBFBG:M=
  240. 240. G :==BMBHG MH =B=BG@ HG MA FH=E MH ; IKH=N= :M :A IE:GM RHN FNLM :ELH =B= HG MA IKGM:@ H?NGBML :A OKLBHG KIKLGML
  241. 241. 1A LBS H? MA :LLF;ER IE:GML K:M= BG R:K :GGHM ; A:G@= NGMBE R:K
  242. 242. ? RHN :MMFIM MH =H LH;?HK MA:M BL BG R:K DI BG FBG= MA:M MA A:G@ PBEE GHM HF BGMH ??M NGMBE R:K F:GBG@ MA:M=NKBG@ R:K RHN PBEE LMBEE A:O MA IKH=NMBHG :I:BMR =B== BG R:K
  243. 243. #BG:GB:EER AHPOK MA LBFNE:MHK PBEE A:K@ RHN MA HKKLIHG=BG@ :==BMBHG:E BGOLMFGM BG :LLF;ER IE:GML:G= MAGB:E ?:BEBMBL BG R:K MH@MAK PBMA MA HKKLIHG=BG@ HOKA:= :G= =IKB:MBHG HLML
  244. 244. !$ $# $# #(1AK :K MPH P:RL MH K=N MA HNMINM :I:BMRR =:MBO:MBG@ MA IE:GM
  245. 245. EE MA :LLML :K DIM
  246. 246. 1ABL BLLIB?B= ;R LMMBG@ MA GNF;K H? =BKM FIEHRL :G=LAB?ML MH SKH
  247. 247. 1A IE:GM PBEE HGMBGN MH ; =IKB:M= :G=BM PBEE ;:K MA HOKA:= HLML :LLHB:M= PBMA HG LAB?M
  248. 248. 1A K:P F:MKB:EL LMHD B? :GR BL DIM :G= :G ; NL= MHFM =F:G= :M HMAK IE:GML
  249. 249. )BDPBL MA ?BGBLA=IKH=NM LMHD BL DIM :G= :G ; NL= MH FM =F:G= HG:GR K@BHG PAK MA IKH=NM BL ;BG@ F:KDM=
  250. 250. 0BFIE K=NMBHG BG MA GNF;K H? NGBML MH IKH=N :EE MA:LLML :K DIM
  251. 251. NLM K=N MA GNF;K H? LAB?ML :G=HKMA GNF;K H? =BKM IKH=NMBHG IKLHGGE
  252. 252. #HK MA MPH :LL =LKB;= MA K=NMBHG HK EBFBG:MBHG BMAK MHM:E HK I:KMB:E H? MA PHKD?HK BFIEBL KM:BGHLML :L =LKB;= BG !BLFBLL:EL BG MA GQM A:IMK
  253. 253. !$# !!1ABL BL :ELH =LB@G:M= :L =BKM E:;HK BG =BLBHG LAML :G= KIHKML
  254. 254. #HK :A IE:GM RHNK HFI:GR FNLM =B= MA GNF;K H? LAB?ML HG HK MPH :G= MA MHM:E GNF;K H? IKH=NMBHGIKLHGGE MH ; ABK= ;:KBG@ BG FBG= MA FH=E MH ; ;NBEM :G= MA :LLHB:M= MAHKMB:E F:GN?:MNKBG@:I:BMR
  255. 255. 1A MBF G== MH F:GN?:MNK : NGBM O:KBL :HK=BG@ MH MA L@FGM
  256. 256. # # $#$! $#EE MA :ENE:MBHGL :LLNF IKH=NMBHG =:RL IK R:K :G= FBGNML IK IKLHG IK =:R
  257. 257. 1AL O:ENL :K MA L:F ?HK OKR K@BHG IE:GM :G= OKLBHG
  258. 258. 1AR :K :ELH BG=IG=GM H? MA FH=E LBS:G= OKLBHG A:K:MKBLMBL
  259. 259. 1AK BL : K:G@ H? F:QBFNF :G= FBGBFNF O:ENL PAG =B=BG@ HG MA :OK:@ HLM MH MA HFI:GR ?HK :G:LLF;ER EBG PHKDK 8 *GN 9
  260. 260. 1AL O:KR :HK=BG@ MH MA @H@K:IAB K@BHG BG PABA MA IE:GMBL EH:M=
  261. 261. !$# #% #HK : @BOG GNF;K H? =BKM IKH=NMBHG PHKDKL : IE:GMXL MAHKMB:E :I:BMR :G ; BGK:L= B? IKH=NMBOBMR BL BGK:L=
  262. 262. ? MA HFI:GR =B=L MH BFIEFGM :G BGGMBO IE:G BM FNLM ?BKLM =B= HG MA F:QBFNF IKGM:@ BGK:L ;:L= HG MA :GGN:E HLM IK IKLHG
  263. 263. 1A F:QBFNF BGGMBO BL :;HO MA ?BQ= HLM MH MA HFI:GR
  264. 264. 1A GQM =BLBHG BGOHEOL MA IKGM:@ BGK:L G== BG MA GNF;K H? NGBML IKH=N= MH K:A MA F:QBFNF BGGMBO LIB?B= :;HO
  265. 265. 1AL BGGMBO IE:G =BLBHGL :K F:= LI:K:MER ?HK :A IE:GM :G= PBEE ; BGMKH=N= BG IKGM:@
  266. 266. 1A GNF;K H? IKH=NMBHG FIEHRL ?HK :A IE:GM BL IE:GG= PBMA :A GP IKBH=
  267. 267. K=NMBHG BG MA GNF;KH? FIEHRL ?KHF MA IKOBHNL R:K F:GL =BLFBLL:EL PK KJNBK=
  268. 268. 1ABL A:L : HLM :LLHB:M= PBMA BM 8 *GN 9 ?HK :A IKLHG =BLFBLL= :G= BL K?EM= HG RHNK BGHF LM:MFGM
  269. 269. 0AHNE= RHN =B= GHM MH IKH=N BG : @BOG :LLF;ER IE:GM PBMAHNM =BLFBLLBG@ MA:M IE:GM L =BKM IKH=NMBHGPHKD?HK MA HLM L:E:KBL H? MA:M IKLHGGE PHNE= ; K?EM= HG RHNK BGHF LM:MFGM :L U
  270. 270. $ ! #! !(1A IKH=NMBHG H? :A FH=EOKLBHG KJNBKL : LM :FHNGM H? K:P F:MKB:EL
  271. 271. :A NGBM H? K:P F:MKB:EGHFI:LLL :EE MA F:MKB:EL G== MH F:GN?:MNK : OABE
  272. 272. ! #! $# ! #( %1H MAL NGBML P FNLM :== MAHL HKKLIHG=BG@ MH MA OABEXL HIMBHGL :G= MKBFQ:FIE 1H IKH=N HG OKLBHG ?HK L@FGM @:LHEBG G@BG
  273. 273. EBMKL EOE H? HIMBHGL :G= MKBF RHNPBEE G= NGBML H? K:P F:MKB:EL
  274. 274. :A R:K RHNK HFI:GR FNLM =B= AHP FNA K:P F:MKB:E MH INKA:L :HK=BG@ MH MA GNF;K H? NGBML MH; IKH=N= BG :A L@FGM
  275. 275. 1H =H MABL RHN PBEE G= MH HGLNEM MA IKB ?HK :A NGBM 8 *GN 9PABA =B??KL ;R L@FGM
  276. 276. 1A NGBML ?HK HG FH=E :G ; NL= MH F:GN?:MNK :GR H? BMLOKLBHGL :G= :ELH ?HK :GR HMAK FH=E BG MA L:F L@FGM
  277. 277. 1ANGBML :K MA L:F ?HK :EE HFI:GBL K@BHGL :G= IE:GML
  278. 278. 1A IKB ?HK NGBML H? K:P F:MKB:E PABA =B??K ;R L@FGMBGEN= MK:GLIHKM:MBHG :G= :GR HMAK HLML BGOHEO= BG @MMBG@ MANGBML MH MA IE:GM PAK MAR :K MH ; NL=
  279. 279. 1A NGBML INKA:L= ?HK :A L@FGM HKKLIHG= MH MA MHM:E LNF G== MH FM MA =F:G= :M :EE MA IE:GML B? FHK MA:G HG F:GN?:MNKBG@ ?HK MA L:F L@FGM OG B? MA FH=EL :K =B??KGM
  280. 280. ,G HK=K= MA NGBML ;HF RHNK IKHIKMR OG B? MAR :K LMBEE BG MA LNIIEBKLX ?:BEBMBL
  281. 281. 1AR :G ;=EBOK= MH :GR IE:GM =NKBG@ MA ?HEEHPBG@ IKBH=
  282. 282. HLML IK NGBM PBEE O:KR =IG=BG@ HG MA :FHNGM ;HN@AM GNF;K H? NGBML ;HN@AM :G= MA I:RFGM IKBH= :LA =:RL =:RL :G= =:RL
  283. 283. 0AHNE= RHN BGHKKMER LMBF:M MA GNF;K H? K:P F:MKB:E NGBML G== MH FM RHNK IKH=NMBHG JNHM: :G= :L : KLNEM A:O BGLN??BBGM LMHD MA LBFNE:MHK PBEE :NMHF:MB:EER ;NR MA JN:GMBMBL GLL:KR MH ;:E:G MA LMHD :M
  284. 284. 1AL :==BMBHG:E NGBML PBEE A:O : LNKA:K@ :=== MH MA IKB EBLM= BG MA G?HKF:MBHG I:@ 8 *GN 9 :G= PBEE ; I:B= ?HK BG :LA
  285. 285. 1AK :K MRIL H? K:P F:MKB:EL HG ?HK :A L@FGMIE:M?HKF PABA PBEE ; BGEN== BG MA ULLMLV LB= H?MA :E:G 0AM B? RHNK HFI:GR A:= :GR LMHD= :M MA G= H? MA R:K
  286. 286. 1AK BL :GHMAK NGBM HLM MA:M BGOHEOBG@ MA HGLNFIMBHG H? GK@R :G= HMAK HGLNF:;EL :M MA IE:GM BMLE? 8 *GN 9
  287. 287. 1ABL HLM BL MA L:F ?HK :EE HFI:GBL F:KDML :G= IE:GML :G= HGER O:KBL ;RL@FGMFH=E
  288. 288. !# !$# #!BKM IKH=NMBHG HLML :K LIB?B= ;R OKLBHG :G= IE:GM :G= BGOHEO MA MAK DBG=L H? HLML =BLNLL=:;HO !BKM IKH=NMBHG IKLHGGE
  289. 289. /:P F:MKB:EL
  290. 290. GK@R :G= HGLNF:;EL
  291. 291. 1A HLM IK NGBM PBEE ; MA L:F ?HK :GR F:GN?:MNK= NGBM H? : OKLBHG H? MA FH=EL@FGM ;BG@ IKH=N=BG : @BOG IE:GM
  292. 292. %HPOK BM F:R =B??K ?KHF HG IE:GM MH :GHMAK OG B? BM BL BG MA L:F K@BHGF:KDM :G=;EHG@L MH MA L:F HFI:GR
  293. 293. %!1AK :K MPH MRIL H? HOKA:= MAHL :LLHB:M= PBMA MAA:=JN:KMKL :G= MAHL HKKLIHG=BG@ MH MA :LLF;ER IE:GMLMAFLEOL
  294. 294. 1A ?HKFK :K : ?BQ= :FHNGM HG R:KL :G= :G= PBEE O:KR:HK=BG@ MH MA GNF;K H? IKH=NMBHG IKLHGGE FIEHR= BG MAHFI:GRXL =B??KGM IE:GML ?KHF R:K HG L A:IMK
  295. 295. 1A E:MMK :K =MKFBG= ;R MA IE:GM LBS :G= MA GNF;K H? LAB?ML 8 *GN 9
  296. 296. #HK MA :L PAKMA IE:GM BL BG:MBO MA HLML :K MA L:F :L ?HK HG LAB?M
  297. 297. 1A BGBMB:E :GGN:E =F:G= ?HK GP :KL BG :A K@BHG BL :L ?HEEHPL HFIMBMBHG ;MPG HFI:GBL OHEOL =B??KGMER BG :A L@FGM :G= MA HFI:GBL BGOHEO= :G HGER@GK:M L:EL BG MAHL L@FGML PAK MAR A:O :M E:LM HG FH=E
  298. 298. G MA L@FGML IK K@BHG K@BHGL FH=EL ?KHF LOK:E HFI:GBL :G HFIM ;NM MAK F:R :ELH QBLM : L@FGM ?HK PABA GHG H?MA I:KMBBI:GML A:L =LB@G= : FH=E
  299. 299. G OKR :L MA FH=EL ?KHF MA HFI:GBL :EK:=R LM:;EBLA= :M MALM:KM H? MA LBFNE:MBHG :G= PABA HOK :EE MA IHLLB;E OKLBHGL :G= FH=EL PBEE :EP:RL ; IKLGM BG OKRL@FGM
  300. 300. 1AL HFI:GBL :K GHM MK:M= BG=BOB=N:EER ;NM K:MAK :K MAHN@AM H? :L HG F:KHHFI:GR
  301. 301. $EH;:E =F:G= BG :A K@BHG BL BG?ENG= ;R : LKBL H? ?:MHKL :FHG@ PABA IK :IBM: BGHF :G= BGMKLMK:ML 8 *GN 9 :K H? I:KMBNE:K BFIHKM:G :G= PABA F:R O:KR :A R:K H? MA LBFNE:MBHG
  302. 302. 1A ?HEEHPBG@ M:;E EBLML MA =F:G= :L : IKGM:@ H? MA GNF;K H? OABEL ?HK :A L@FGM :G= F:KDM
  303. 303. 1A ?HEEHPBG@ M:;EL LIB?R MA IKGM:@L H? F:E :G= ?F:E ;NRKL ?HK :A L@FGM ;R INKA:LBG@ IHPK ) EHP *) F=BNF EHP *% F=BNF AB@A % AB@A ?HK :A F:KDM:A HFI:GR PBEE L MA =F:G= @GK:M= ;R OKR OKLBHG LHE= BG :A K@BHG BG MA KLNEML LAML :KL HFI:GBL KIHKM
  304. 304. ## #0@FGM:MBHG :LLNFL MA:M PBMABG : @KHNI H? ;NRKL MAK :K LN;@KHNIL H? IHIE PBMA LBFBE:K INKA:LBG@A:;BML PABA =B??K K:=B:EER ?KHF MAHL H? MA HMAK LN;@KHNIL
  305. 305. LHG= LM:KMBG@ ARIHMALBL BL MA:M MABL ;A:OBHK LBFBE:K PBMABG MA LN;@KHNI :G= =B??KGM ?KHF MA:M H? HMAKL A:L KM:BG H;LKO:;E A:K:MKBLMBL PABA F:R ; HGLB=K= :L QIE:BGBG@ MA ;A:OBHK H;LKO= :G= MA:M HGER MA FF;KL H? MA LN;@KHNI LA:K HK :M E:LM QAB;BM MH : LB@GB?B:GMER =B??KGM =@K ?KHF MAHL H? HMAK LN;@KHNIL
  306. 306. 1AK :K O:KBHNL LM:MBLMB:E MAGBJNL ?HK ?BG=BG@ LNA L@FGML :LLNFBG@ MAR QBLM :G= :K QIE:BG:;E
  307. 307. -HLBMBHGBG@ MAGBJNL :K H?MG NL= PABA :EEHP NL MH DGHP B? @BOG H;CML LEM= ;?HKA:G= E:= MH L@FGM:MBHG :G= PA:M A:K:MKBLMBL @BO KBL MH LNA L@FGM:MBHG
  308. 308. ## ( !1ABL LBFNE:MBHG NLL MA +**0 +HG*MKB *NEMB=BFGLBHG:E 0:E FMAH= MAKHN@A : U0BFBE:KBMR 1LMV :IIEB=MH : L:FIE H? IHIE PAH :K ?:FBEB:K PBMA MA A:K:MKBLMBL H? MA OABEL NL= BG MA K@BHGL BGJNLMBHG
  309. 309. 1ABL ?HEEHPL ?KHF MA LM:M= :LLNFIMBHG MA:M MA F:KDMLK@BHGL QAB;BM =B??KGM ;NRBG@ ;A:OBHKLPABA :K QIE:BG= ;R KM:BG A:K:MKBLMBL :L =KBO= ?KHF BGMKIKMBG@ MA =B??KGM :QL
  310. 310. 1A (601 (KNLD:E 6HNG@ 0AI:K= :G= 1HK@KLHG IKH@K:F P:L NL= :G= RBE== MA KLNEML LAHPG BG MA?HEEHPBG@ ?B@NK
  311. 311. *:3. 87;2276260 +*;.- 76 1. ,1*:*,.:2;2,; 7/ .12,4.; ;74- 1A LMKLL RBE== ;R MAL F:IL BL LN??BBGMER EHP LH MA :QL :G ; NL= MH =B??KGMB:M ;MPG MA:NMHFH;BELX A:K:MKBLMBL BG MA KLIMBO K@BHGL
  312. 312. 1AL A:K:MKBLMBL :K G@BG MRI @:LHEBG=BLE ;:LB =LB@G :KH=RG:FB;HQR :G= LBS E:K@LF:EE
  313. 313. M BL :LR MH L MA LI:K:MBHG BGMH MPH E:K@ @KHNIL + HG HG LB= :G= 4 HG MA HMAK
  314. 314. 1ABL =HL GHM BFIERMA:M :A F:KDM :GGHM ; HGLB=K= :L BML HPG L@FGM
  315. 315. 1A QBLMG H? =B??KGL HG MA G@BG 1RI $:LHEBG!BLE :QBL A:L ;G HG?BKF= :G= JN:GMB?B= ;RHMAK LHNKL
  316. 316. 1H DGHP MA NGBML =F:G== ;R G@BG MRI BG :A F:KDM 8 *GN 9
  317. 317. ## ( 0OK:E LMN=BL A:O ;G IK?HKF= :G= IN;EBLA= BG O:KBHNL LIB:EBS= CHNKG:EL :G= MQM;HHDL ?HK =OBLBG@IHLBMBHGBG@ F:IL ?HK =B??KGM F:KDML
  318. 318. 1AL LMN=BL :IIEB= MA +**0 0BFBE:KBMR 1LM NLBG@ =B??KGM FH=EL:L IKLGM= MH : L:FIE H? NLKL
  319. 319. 1A F:IL :K JNBM LBFBE:K :G= :G ; :IIEB= BGMKG:MBHG:EER
  320. 320. 1A LBFNE:MHK ?HEEHPL MAL F:IL PBMA LHF FBGHK O:KB:MBHGL 7;2276260 7/ -2//.:.6 57-.4; ,75576 7 *44 :.0276; #*3.6 /:75 :..6 *6- *:576.1A LM:;EBLA= HFI:GBL :?MK NLBG@ MABK F:KDM KL:KA :G= LIB:EER MABK QIKBG =LB@GBG@ FH=ELA:O HF MH MA L:F BKK?NM:;E HGENLBHGL
  321. 321. L : KLNEM MA BG=NLMKR :L : PAHE A:L LM:;EBLA= ?HNK ;:LBFH=EL :A HG :BF= :M : =B??KGM L@FGM H? ;NRKL MA:M IK:MB:EER GHFI:LL MA GMBK IHMGMB:EF:KDM
  322. 322. 1A FHLM =BLBO QIE:G:MHKR O:KB:;E BL UINKA:LBG@ IHPKV
  323. 323. M A:L ?HNK EOEL EHP F=BNF EHP F=BNF AB@A:G= AB@A
  324. 324. 1A FH=EL MAK?HK HF BG MAL L:F ?HNK E:LLL
  325. 325. *H=EL :K @KHNI= BGMH E:LLL ;R MABK LBS :L A:K:MKBS= ;R MABK EG@MA
  326. 326. G IK:MB MAK?HK MA *H=E:G= 0@FGM HGIML :K NGB?B= :G= BM BL FHK HGOGBGM MH LI:D H? FH=EL@FGM EHP FH=EL@FGM F=BNF EHP FH=EL@FGM F=BNF AB@A :G= FH=EL@FGM AB@A
  327. 327. 1ABL E:LML@FGM A:L GHM ;G KIKLGM= BG MABL LBFNE:MHK
  328. 328. %G BM LAHNE= GHM ; HGLB=K=
  329. 329. M LAHNE= ; GHM= MA:M : FH=E BL GHM =?BG= ;R CNLM HG EG@MA K:MAK :A FH=E BG HK=K MH ; E:LLB?B= BG: L@FGM FNLM ?:EE PBMABG : K:G@ H? EG@MAL
  330. 330. 1ANL PBMABG HG L@FGM MAK :K FH=EL MA:M O:KR PB=ER BG
  331. 331. LBS EG@MA PB=MA :G= AB@AM
  332. 332. 1A FH=E :G MANL ; M:BEHK= MH :A @H@K:IAB K@BHG L U;:LB =LB@GVM:LML
  333. 333. ==BMBHG:EER MA BG=NLMKR BG :=AKBG@ MH MA LI: HGLMK:BGML =BM:M= ;R MA A:LLBL A:L =LB@G= HFI:M:G= L=:G FH=EL
  334. 334. G LH =HBG@ BM A:L LM:;EBLA= : HFI:KMFGM =LB@G MA L=:G :G= : HFI:KMFGM=LB@G MA HFI:M
  335. 335. G @GK:E FH=ELL@FGML :G= :K F:GN?:MNK= :L HFI:ML :G= FH=EL@FGM BL NLN:EER : L=:GMAHN@A F:GR HFI:GBL H??K L=:GL PBMABG L@FGM :G= HFI:ML PBMABG L@FGM
  336. 336. M BL MABL A:K:MKBLMBPABA KLNEML BG MA IHLBMBHGBG@ F:IXL AHKBSHGM:E :QBL :G= PABA A:L ;G BGMKIKM= :L KIKLGMBG@ : FHK HKELL LIHKMR =LB@G ;BG@ HFI:M MA LIHKMBLM
  337. 337. +H A:K:MKBLMB A:L ;G ?HNG= :FHG@ ;NRKL MH QIE:BG MA HFI:ML=:G ;NRBG@ ;A:OBHK
  338. 338. 1ABL ?HEEHPL?KHF MA BG:;BEBMR MH H;M:BG : LM:MBLMB:EER LB@GB?B:GM ABLJN:K MLM
  339. 339. M :GR K:M MA LBFNE:MHK HGLB=KL L@FGM FH=EL MH ; L=:GL :G= L@FGM FH=EL MH ; HFI:ML
  340. 340. 1ABL BL K?EM= BG MA F:I LAHPG BG MA IKOBHNL ?B@NK
  341. 341. #BG:EER BG F:DBG@ RHNK HFI:GRXL =BLBHGL GHM MA:M MA LBFNE:MHK HGLB=KL MAK FH=E MRIL :A HG:MMG=BG@ MAK F:KDM L@FGML BG :A K@BHG
  342. 342. 1A L@FGM:MBHG NLL ?HNK EOEL H? INKA:LBG@ IHPK :L BML?NG=:FGM:E QIE:G:MHKR O:KB:;E
  343. 343. GHMAK QIE:G:MHKR O:KB:;E PBMA LB@GB?B:GM =BLKBFBG:MHKR IHPK BL @G=K:L MA ABLJN:K MLM HG?BKFL
  344. 344. M MA LM:KM H? MA LBFNE:MBHG QKBL MA LM:;EBLA= HFI:GBL :K FMBG@ :EE MA =F:G= BG :EE K@BHGLGHFI:LLBG@ MA MHM:EBMR H? MA MAK L@FGML
  345. 345. ## ( %!1A EHPG= FH=EL :BF MH :MMK:M ;NRKL PBMA : EHP INKA:LBG@ IHPK MAHN@A BG ?:M GHM :EE MAHL PAH ;NR 0FH=EL A:O : EHP INKA:LBG@ IHPK BGLM:= HFBG@ ?KHF :EE @KHNIL MAHN@A MA F:CHKBMR =H A:O : )INKA:LBG@ IHPK
  346. 346. 1A L:F :G ; L:B= ?HK MA HMAK FH=EL F=BNF EHP F=BNF AB@A M
  347. 347. 1ABL A:L E= MA BG=NLMKR MH ;NBE= :G= F:KDM MPH HK FHK OKLBHGL ?HK :A FH=EL@FGM :BF= :M MALN;L@FGML PBMA FHK HK ELL INKA:LBG@ IHPK
  348. 348. 1A LN;L@FGML BG JNLMBHG :K LAHPG HG MA M:;EL HG I
  349. 349. :G= :EEHP ?HK :G :G:ERLBL H? :A L@FGMXL HFIHLBMBHG
  350. 350. 1A EOEL H? INKA:LBG@ IHPK LKO :L MA DRL@FGM:MBHG O:KB:;E :G= @G=K :L BG=B:M= :;HO :L MA O:KB:;E PBMA LN??BBGM =BLKBFBG:MBG@ IHPK
  351. 351. #BG:EER BM BL OKR BFIHKM:GM MH DI BG FBG= MA:M GH O:KB:;E :G LB@GB?B:GMER QIE:BG MA IK?KGL HOK G@BGMRI @:LHEBG HK =BLE
  352. 352. 1A KLNEM BL MA:M BG :GR L@FGM HK LN;L@FGM MA K:MBH H? @:LHEBG MH =BLE ;NRKLBL MA L:F :L BG MA F:KDMK@BHG :L : PAHE
  353. 353. !$# (NMHFH;BE FH=EL :K LN;CM MH MA F:KDMBG@ IAGHFGHG DGHPG :L UIKH=NM EB? RE
  354. 354. V LBFBE:KIAGHFGHG HNKL PHKE=PB= BGOHEOBG@ UFH=ELV GHM UIKH=NML
  355. 355. VG FIBKB:E KOBP H? =:M: ?KHF LHG=:KR LHNKL HG?BKFL MA IAGHFGHGXL QBLMG PHKE=PB= BG OKRF:KDMK@BHG
  356. 356. EMAHN@A MAK :K LHF FBGHK =B??KGL :G= PBMA : ?P QIMBHGL =N MH BG?ENGBG@F:KDMBG@ LMK:M@BL : FH=EXL :OK:@ EB? RE BL :L LAHPG BG MA ?HEEHPBG@ @K:IA
  357. 357. 1ABL AHE=L ?HK :GR @H@K:IAB K@BHG :G= :GR FH=E :G= BL HGER A:G@= HG P:R HK MA HMAK ;R F:KDMBG@=BLBHGL
  358. 358. .:*0. 8:7-=, 42/. ,A,4. /7: * 57-.41A OKMB:E :QBL BL MA K:MBH H? MA NGBML =F:G== :A R:K MH MA NGBML =F:G== MA BGBMB:E FH=E R:K
  359. 359. %!#6HNK HFI:GR FNLM NG=KM:D :=OKMBLBG@ :BF= :M IKHFHMBG@ RHNK ;K:G= BG : @BOG @H@K:IAB K@BHG
  360. 360. (I BGFBG= MA:M MA ??ML H? :G :=OKMBLBG@ BGOLMFGM @H ;RHG= HG R:K
  361. 361. 1A =BLBHGL MH ; F:= ?HK MAL ;K:G= :=L :K 0EM MA F=B: OABEL MH ; NL=
  362. 362. 0IB?R MA GNF;K H? :=L IK R:K
  363. 363. 0EM MA :FI:B@G
  364. 364. 1AK :K MG =B??KGM F=B: OABEL :O:BE:;E BG :A F:KDMK@BHG :A PBMA BML HPG BGLKMBHG IKB 8 *GN 9 ?HK RHN MH NL :M RHNK =BLKMBHG
  365. 365. 1H LBFIEB?R MA =BLNLLBHG :A F=B: OABE A:L :G:;;KOB:MBHG :LLHB:M= PBMA BM :L LAHPG1H O:EN:M :A OABEXL ??MBOGLL BG K:ABG@ MA =B??KGM L@FGML :G= LN;L@FGML :A F=BNFXLHOK:@ BL EBLM= ;EHP ;R F:KDM
  366. 366. 1A ?HEEHPBG@ M:;EL LAHP MA IKGM:@ H? MA :NMHFH;BE;NRBG@ IHINE:MBHG :HK=BG@ MH INKA:LBG@ IHPK:G= @G=K K:A= ;R :A F=BNF
  367. 367. 1A :G= K?K MH EHP F=BNF EHP F=BNF AB@A :G= AB@AINKA:LBG@ IHPK KLIMBOER
  368. 368. 1A * K?KL MH FG :G= MA # MH PHFG
  369. 369. 6HN FNLM :ELH =B= ?KHF :FHG@ MA MPGMR =B??KGM HKIHK:M :=OKMBLBG@ :FI:B@GL =LKB;= BG MA:IIG=BQ :L B? MAR PK IKLGM= MH RHN ;R :G :=OKMBLBG@ :@GR :G= RHN A:= MH AHHL HG H? MAF
  370. 370. 6HNF:R A:G@ MA :FI:B@G :A R:K :G= BM :G ; =B??KGM ?HK :A K@BHG
  371. 371. (I BG FBG= PA:M MA LM:;EBLA= HFI:GBL BGOLM BG :A F:KDM 8 *GN 9
  372. 372. 1A ?B@NK:II:KBG@ BG MA I:@ BL MA MHM:E QIG=BMNK BG :=OKMBLBG@ ;R :A H? MAHL HFI:GBL BG:=OKMBLBG@ BG :A K@BHG
  373. 373. #! !## # #!!EBOKBG@ MA OABEL ?KHF IE:GML MH =:EKL BGOHEOL KM:BG HLML 8 *GN 9 PABA :K MA MHM:E=HHK MH =HHK HLML LABIIBG@ BGLNK:G NLMHFL E:K:G M
  374. 374. ;NM GHM BGEN=BG@ BFIHKM M:KB??L ?HK MA F:KDMH? GMKR BG MA :L H? BGMKG:MBHG:E LABIFGML
  375. 375. 1A M:KB??L HLM BL : IKGM:@ L MA M:;E ;EHP H? MA =:EK BGOHB !
  376. 376. 1A ! MA IKB A:K@= MH MA =:EK ;R MA F:GN?:MNKK BL MA *0/- FBGNL M:QL
  377. 377. EE LABIIBG@ :G= M:KB?? HLML B? :GR :K I:B= ;R MA F:GN?:MNKK
  378. 378. 1A :IIEB:;E IKGM:@L =IG=BG@ HG MA K@BHGL BGOHEO= BG MA LABIIBG@ :K
  379. 379. !6HNK HFI:GR FNLM LM:;EBLA MA *0/- *:GN?:MNKK L LN@@LM=KM:BE IKB MH A:K@ MA G= NLMHFK
  380. 380. 1ABL BL MA :MN:E :FHNGM MH; A:K@= MA ?BG:E IKB
  381. 381. +HM MA LBFNE:MBHG :LLNFL MA ?BG:E IKB I:B= ;R MA HGLNFK BLMA *0/-
  382. 382. 1ABL IKB BGEN=L MA L:EL M:Q HG MA OABE PABA =B??KL ;R K@BHG8 *GN 9
  383. 383. IKB ?HK :A OKLBHG FNLM ; LM:;EBLA= ?HK OKR OABE LHE= BG: @BOG K@BHG
  384. 384. 6HN LAHNE= :ELH HGLB=K MA :OK:@ *0/- LM ;R MA LM:;EBLA= HFI:GBL 8 *GN 9
  385. 385. 1A ! IKB FGMBHG= BG MA M:KB?? :ENE:MBHG BL MA IKB MA F:GN?:MNKK A:K@L MA =:EK :G= BL JN:EMH MA *0/- FBGNL M:QL
  386. 386. ! G MA GHF 0M:MFGM RHN KBO :M MA G= H? MA KIHKMBG@ IKBH= MA ! PBEE ; NL= MH :ENE:M MA MHM:EOABE L:EL
  387. 387. #KHF MABL :FHNGM : LI:K:M GMKR PBEE ; NL= MH K?EM MA F:K@BG A:K@= ;R =BLMKB;NMHKL :K =:EKL ?HKLEEBG@ RHNK HFI:GR L :NMHFH;BEL
  388. 388. 1ABL F:K@BG PBEE ; : ?BQ= IKGM:@ H? RHNK HFI:GR L L:ELPBMAHNM M:QL BG OKR F:KDM
  389. 389. ! !# ! #( ! 1A F:GN?:MNKKLX HKIHK:M LHB:E KLIHGLB;BEBMR LMK:M@R HK 0/ :G BGHKIHK:M :G GOBKHGFGM:E *:G:@FGM 0RLMF *0 :G BFIHKM:GM :LIM BG MA BG=NLMKR BG JNLMBHG
  390. 390. 1ABL LRLMF BGOHEOL K:MBG@ : =BOBLBHG PBMABG MA HFI:GR NG=K MA :NLIBL H? MA IKH=NMBHG =I:KMFGM PAK : M:F H? G@BGKL PBEE ; A:K@= PBMA LMMBG@ NI KNGGBG@ HHK=BG:MBG@ :G= HGMKHEEBG@ MA *0
  391. 391. ML H;CMBO BL MH MK:M :G= KRE MA LHEB= EBJNB= :G= @:LHNL P:LM @GK:M= :L PEE :L MH KE:BF :G= MK:M OABEL PBMA=K:PG ?KHF MA F:KDM
  392. 392. 6HN FNLM =B= AHP FNA FHGR MH :EEH:M MH MA *0
  393. 393. !!#( ! !1A HLM H? KI:BKL NG=K P:KK:GMR F:= ;R MA =:EKL BL GHM A:K@= MH MA NLMHFK ;NM K:MAK I:LL= HG MHMA F:GN?:MNKK
  394. 394. 1ABL KIKLGML :G :==BMBHG:E QIGL ?HK MA HFI:GBL
  395. 395. 1A :FHNGM H? MAL QIGLL PBEE =IG= HG MA P:KK:GMR IKBH= PABA :G ; HK R:KL
  396. 396. 1ABLIKBH= F:R O:KR ;R K@BHG :G= BL LM ;R RHN
  397. 397. G @GK:E MKFL MAL QIGLL F:G
  398. 398. H? :GGN:E OABEL:EL :G= PBEE ; :IIEB:;E MAKHN@AHNM MA P:KK:GMR IKBH=
  399. 399. 1AL QIGLL LMBEE :IIER OG B? : OABE BL INEE= HNM ?KHF : @BOGF:KDM
  400. 400. ,G MA GHF 0M:MFGM MAL QIGLL :K M:EEB= BG : LI:K:M GMKR:EE=
  401. 401. GHMAK LHNK H? BGHF BL KIE:FGM I:KML LHE= MH =:EKL :M :F:KDNI ;R RHNK HFI:GR :G= PABA RHNK HFI:GR BG MNKGF:GN?:MNKL HK ;NRL ?KHF :G QMKG:E LNIIEBK MANL :MBG@ :L MABGMKF=B:KR :G= :KGBG@ : KM:BG IKGM:@ PABA PBEE ; MA L:F BGOKR K@BHG
  402. 402. 1ABL BL MK:M= :L BGHF HG MA GHF 0M:MFGM
  403. 403. 1A L:EL H? KIE:FGM I:KML PBEE =IG= HG MA :GGN:E OABE L:EL OHENF BG :A K@BHG :G= HG MAGNF;K H? R:KL MA HFI:GBL A:O ;G HIK:MBG@ BG MAHL K@BHGL
  404. 404. 1A BGHF ?KHF MABL :MBOBMR BL HG MAHK=K H?
  405. 405. H? :GGN:E L:EL H? GP OABEL
  406. 406. 1ABL :FHNGM BL :IIEB:;E ?HK MA L:EL H? MA E:LM R:KL
  407. 407. 1A HLM ?HK KIE:FGM I:KML BL :IIKHQBF:MER H? MA IKB A:K@= MH MA =:EKL
  408. 408. 1A FGMBHG= :;HO HNKL BG : LBFBE:K F:GGK ?HK OKR K@BHG
  409. 409. F:GN?:MNKK :GGHM LMHI LEEBG@ KIE:FGM I:KML :G= AHGHKBG@ P:KK:GMBL OG B? BM INEEL HNM ?KHF : KM:BGK@BHG
  410. 410. !#0:EL IKHFHMBHGL ;R P:R H? K;:ML :G ; H??K= BG : @BOG K@BHG ?HK :GR =LBK= FH=E
  411. 411. 1A O:KB:;EL MH ;LIB?B= BG MA LBFNE:MHK :K /;:M :FHNGM GHM :L : IKGM:@ H? *0/- IK NGBM
  412. 412. 1BF BG FHGMAL MA IKHFHMBHG PBEE E:LM
  413. 413. *H=E :G= OKLBHG MH PABA MA K;:M :IIEBL BG MA F:KDML PAK BM BL ;BG@ H??K=
  414. 414. 1A HLM H? MAL IKHFHMBHGL PBEE ; A:K@= MH MA F:GN?:MNKBG@ HFI:GRXL BGHF LM:MFGM
  415. 415. ! #6HN :G =B= MH A:O : ?:MHKR K:BG@ M:F HFIM BG #HKFNE: MA +:MBHG:E LLHB:MBHG ?HK 0MHD :KNMH /:BG@ +0 / :G= MA G=R /:BG@ ):@N /)
  416. 416. 1A M:F :EP:RL M:DL : R:K MH IKI:K ?HK HFIMBMBHG F:GBG@ MA:M B? RHN=B= MH HFIM BG R:K M BM PBEE LM:KM K:BG@ BG R:K M :G= BML HLM PBEE HNKBG R:K M
  417. 417. G MA L:F P:R B? MA K:BG@ M:F BL =BLHGMBGN= MABL =BLBHGPBEE ; ??MBO :?MK HG R:K
  418. 418. 1A :GGN:E HLM BL HG MA I:@ 8 *GN 9
  419. 419. -:KMBBI:MBG@ BG MAL LIHKMBG@ OGML @GK:ML :II:K:GL BG MA F=B: HNMEML LNA :L /+, 13+ +$+0- :G= *1
  420. 420. 1ABL BL JNBO:EGM MH :G= BL CNLM :L ??BBGM :L HGOGMBHG:E :=OKMBLBG@ MA =B??KG ;BG@MA:M BM QMG=L MH OKR @H@K:IAB K@BHG :G= OKR LHE= FH=E :G= A:L GH :=== QIGL ?HK MA HFI:GR
  421. 421. 0HF :II:K:GL BG :A F:KDM :K LMBF:M= ?HK :A H? MA F=B: BG=B:M=
  422. 422. ML ??M BL :=== MH MA:M?KHF HGOGMBHG:E :=OKMBLBG@
  423. 423. (! 1A ?BKLM MPH R:KL BG MA LBFNE:MBHG :K LIB:E :G= KJNBK : EBFBM= GNF;K H? =BLBHGL
  424. 424. 6HN FNLM =MKFBG MA ?HEEHPBG@ 6:K 4AK MH A:=JN:KMK RHNK HFI:GR
  425. 425. 4ABA FH=E L MH =OEHI F:QBFNF :G= MA L@FGM ;R LIB?RBG@ MA EG@MA PB=MA :G= AB@AM
  426. 426. 6:K 4ABA FH=E MH =OEHI :M FHLM ?KHF MABL R:K HG :G= MA L@FGM EG@MA PB=MA :G= AB@AM
  427. 427. 4ABA OKLBHGL MH =OEHI ?KHF MA FH=E L =B== HG BG MA IKOBHNL R:K
  428. 428. 4AK MH ;NBE= MA :LLF;ER IE:GML F:QBFNF :G= MABK LBS ;R LIB?RBG@ MA :IBM:E QIG=BMNK
  429. 429. 1:D BGMH :HNGM MA:M :L BG K:E EB? =BLBHGL M:DG ;R MA I:KMBBI:GML HG MA ?BKLM MPH R:KL PBEE ; IN;EB :G=MAK?HK DGHPG ;R MA KLM H? MA I:KMBBI:GML
  430. 430. 1ABL PBEE F:D IHLLB;E MA:M HFI:GBL LM:KM R:K ?:BG@ KBLDLK:MAK MA:G NGKM:BGMR
  431. 431. #KHF R:K :G= HG =BLBHGL PBEE ; F:= HG :EE F:G:@FGM :K:L
  432. 432. G HK=K MH F:D :LBK MA BGMKH=NMBHGH? =:M: BGMH MA LBFNE:MHK F:GR H? MA =BLBHGL M:DG BG : KM:BG R:K PBEE :KKB= HOK ;R =?:NEM MH MA?HEEHPBG@ R:K L =BLBHG LAML
  433. 433. #HK Q:FIE =BLBHGL HG IKBL :G= IKHFHMBHGL M:DG HG R:K PBEE ; :KKB= HOK MH R:K ;R =?:NEM
  434. 434. %G RHN PBEE G= MH BGMKH=N GP ?B@NKL HGER B? RHN PBLA MH F:D A:G@L
  435. 435. 1AK PBEE ; HMAK =BLBHGLAHPOK MA:M PBEE A:O MH ; BGMKH=N= OKR R:K LBG MA ?B@NK :II:KBG@ ;R =?:NEM HG MA =BLBHGLLAML PBEE ; SKH
  436. 436. 1AL :K #BG:GB:E =BLBHGL I:RFGM IKBH= ?HK LNIIEBKL ?BG:GB:E BGOLMFGML EBGL H? K=BM :G= EH:GL
  437. 437. 2GBML H? K:P F:MKB:EL MH ; ;HN@AM IK L@FGM
  438. 438. 4:KK:GMR IKBH=
  439. 439. GOLMFGM BG GOBKHGFGM:E *:G:@FGM 0RLMFL
  440. 440. /:BG@ M:F
  441. 441. *:KDM KL:KA LNKORL
  442. 442. !# 1A HIK:MBG@ :LA G== U, +V BL MA :FHNGM H? :LA MA:M MA HFI:GR FNLM A:O BG MA :LA :G=JNBO:EGML :HNGM :M MA ;@BGGBG@ H? :A IKBH= BG HK=K MH ; :;E MH BFIEFGM MA IE:G ?HK MA:M HFBG@IKBH=
  443. 443. 1A LBFNE:MHK HGLB=KL RHNK IE:G :G= LMBF:ML :HNGML I:R:;E :G= KBO:;E
  444. 444. 1ABL O:EN:MBHG :G ; ?HK:LM= ;R MA HFI:GR NLBG@ MA ?HEEHPBG@ KNE
  445. 445. H? MA GP BGOLMFGM BG ?BQ= :LLML
  446. 446. H? MA MHM:E H? MA ?HEEHPBG@ QIGLL 1HM:E K:G= =OKMBLBG@ QIGLL
  447. 447. /:BG@ 1:F QIGLL
  448. 448. H? MA HOKA:= QIGLL H? A:=JN:KMKL :G= :LLF;ER IE:GML
  449. 449. H? MA MHM:E QIGL H? =BKM IKH=NMBHG PHKD?HK PBMAHNM :==BG@ IKH=NMBHG BGGMBOL
  450. 450. H? MA IK=BM= QIGL :M BGBMB:E IKBL H? K:P F:MKB:EL
  451. 451. .N:GMBMR =BLHNGML HK I:RFGM MKFL PBEE GHM ; HGLB=K= BG MABL :ENE:MBHGL
  452. 452. 1A LNF H? :G= FNLM ; JN:E MH HK ELL MA:G MA :O:BE:;E :LA :LA :G= JNBO:EGML :HNGM
  453. 453. ?MA MHM:E :FHNGM BL @K:MK MA:G MA :LA MA HFI:GR A:L MPH HIMBHGL
  454. 454. /JNLM : EH:G ?HK MA =B??KG
  455. 455. /=N :G=HK EBFBG:M BMFL :G=HK :L GLL:KR BG HK=K MH F:D MA MHM:E HG?HKF MH MA QBLMBG@ :LA
  456. 456. 1A IKGM:@L NL= BG MABL KNE :G ; FH=B?B=
  457. 457. 0AHNE= MABL A:IIG RHN PBEE ; IKOBHNLER BG?HKF= ;R MALBFNE:MBHG !BKMHK
  458. 458. 1A :LA :FHNGM BG JNLMBHG :IIEBL MH :GN:KR G= MA:M BL MA HG KBO= HG !F;K LM FBGNL
  459. 459. )H:G :FHKMBS:MBHGL MH ; I:B= HG :GN:KR G=
  460. 460. K=BM I:B= ;:D ?HK MA :FHNGM =K:PG LIB?B= BG )BGL H? K=BM
  461. 461. HNGML I:R:;E LIB?B= BG 1K:= K=BMHKL
  462. 462. :G= :==BG@ 3
  463. 463. #BG:GB:E BGOLMFGML
  464. 464. ? MA , + :FHNGM BL AB@AK MA:G MA :FHNGM ?HK:LM ?HK :GN:KR G= MA LBFNE:MHK PBEE KJNLM : EH:G ?HK MAHFI:GR ?HK MA =B??KG
  465. 465. ? MA , + :FHNGM BL EHPK MA HFI:GR :G NL MA :LA 0NKIENL 0 BGBGOLMFGML :G=HK MH IKI:R EH:GL
  466. 466. 1A LBFNE:MBHG =HL GHM :EEHP :GR BGK:L BG JNBMR
  467. 467. 1A QMKG:E LHNKL ?HK ?BG:GBG@ :LLML :K EH:GL :G=EBGL H? K=BM ?KHF ?BG:GB:E BGLMBMNMBHGL :G= K:P F:MKB:EL LNIIEBKL
  468. 468. GOLMFGM BG :LLF;ER IE:GML MAGB:E?:BEBMBL =LB@GBG@ H? FH=EL :G= G@BGKBG@ IKHLLL :K I:B= ?HK BG :LA
  469. 469. !E:RBG@ I:RFGM MH LNIIEBKL PBEE @GK:M ?BG:GB:E KLHNKL :G= MABL PBEE :NL MA HNGMK;:E:G H? : AB@AK K:P F:MKB:E NGBM HLM
  470. 470. HFI:GBL PBEE KBO MH@MAK PBMA F:KDM KL:KA KLNEML MABK #BG:GB:E 0M:MFGML GHF 0M:MFGM :E:G 0AM :G= :LA #EHP 0M:MFGM ?HK :A R:K
  471. 471. 1A :LA :G= JNBO:EGML :HNGM :G ; G@:MBO BG PABA :L BM BL HFINELHKR MH KJNLM : :GD EH:G ?HK MA:M G@:MBO :FHNGM
  472. 472. 1ABL EH:G BL @K:GM= BG HK=K MH INM MA :HNGM :M SKH
  473. 473. I:KM ?KHF MABL F:G=:MHKR EH:G MA HFI:GR :G =B= MH KJNLM EH:GL :M :GR FHFGM OG B? MA :LA;:E:G BL IHLBMBO
  474. 474. 2LN:EER LNA EH:GL PHNE= ; NL= ?HK BGOLMFGM BG ?BQ= :LLML
  475. 475. HFI:GBL LAHNE= KJNLM EH:GL B? G== MH HFIER PBMA MA , +
  476. 476. ? MA HFI:GR =HL GHM F:D : KJNLMMA LBFNE:MHK PBEE =H BM
  477. 477. 1A LBFNE:MBHG !BKMHK PBEE LM MA F:MNKBMR H? ;:GD EH:GL :L PEE :L MA :IIEB:;E BGMKLM K:M :G= MA=B??KGM ?L MH ; :IIEB=
  478. 478. 1ABL HGHFB :G= ?BG:GB:E =:M: PBEE ; IKHOB== BG MA LBFNE:MBHG P; :G= PBEE ;LAHPG BG MA G?HKF:MBHG 8 *GN 9
  479. 479. M BL OKR BFIHKM:GM MA:M PAGOK RHN :LL MA LBFNE:MBHGP; RHN LMN=R MABL BG?HKF:MBHG :L BM F:R O:KR ?KHF R:K MH R:K
  480. 480. )H:G :FHKMBS:MBHG PBEE :EP:RL ; :KKB= HNM LH MA:M :A R:K QIM MA R:K BG PABA MA EH:G BL KJNLM= L MA HFI:GR KMNKGL : IHKMBHG H? MA IKBGBI:E HP= :M MA;@BGGBG@ H? MA R:K
  481. 481. 1A F:MNKBMR H? MA EH:G :G= MA :IIEB:;E BGMKLM K:M PBEE ; LM ;R MA LBFNE:MBHG!BKMHK
  482. 482. ? : GP MKF HK K:M BL LM BM PBEE ; :IIEB= MH MA GP EH:GL :G= MH MA =;M MA:M MA HFI:GBL HP:M MA:M FHFGM
  483. 483. 1A LM:;EBLA= :FHKMBS:MBHG BL =HG :NMHF:MB:EER ;R MA LBFNE:MHK :G= RHN FNLM GHM LIB?R :GRMABG@ KE:MBG@MH BM BG MA !BLBHGL 0AML
  484. 484. 6HN :G LMME MA =;M ?NEER HK I:KMB:EER ;?HK MA LM F:MNKBMR =:M :G= LAHNE= RHN PBLA MH =H LH RHN FNLM
  485. 485. LIB?R MA =;M MH LMME HG MA ?BE= :EE= U)H:GL -KI:RFGMV
  486. 486. 1H ; :;E MH =H BM MA HFI:GR FNLM A:O :LA 0NKIENL 0 BG MA :LA :G= JNBO:EGML :HNGM
  487. 487. 1A LNKIENL :G ; NL= MH LMME :GR HNMLM:G=BG@EH:GL
  488. 488. !#)BGL H? K=BM :G ; HGMK:M= PBMA : ;:GD BG :GMBBI:MBHG H? :LAIKH;EFL
  489. 489. 1A ;:GD PBEE A:K@ MA L:F NI?KHGM ? :L ?HK : EH:G:G= MPH BGMKLM K:ML HG MH ; :IIEB= MH MA :FHNGM GHM =K:PG LKOB ? :G= :GHMAK MH ; :IIEB= MH MA :FHNGM H? MA K=BM=K:PG
  490. 490. 1ABL HGHFB :G= ?BG:GB:E =:M: PBEE ; IKHOB== BG MALBFNE:MBHG P; :G= PBEE ; LAHPG BG MA G?HKF:MBHG 8 *GN 9
  491. 491. M BL OKR BFIHKM:GM MA:M PAGOK RHN :LL MALBFNE:MBHG P; MABL BG?HKF:MBHG LAHNE= ; LMN=B= :L BM F:R O:KR?KHF R:K MH R:K
  492. 492. )BGL H? K=BM E:LM ?HK HG R:K ;NM :G ; KJNLM= ?KHF MA ;:GD OKR R:K ?HK MA =NK:MBHG H? MALBFNE:MBHG
  493. 493. 1A :FHNGM =K:PG PBEE ; LM:M= HG RHNK :E:G 0AM HG !F;K LM :G= MA LBFNE:MHK PBEE ?HKL MA:MMA K=BM BL HKKM= MH SKH :M MA ;@BGGBG@ H? MA ?HEEHPBG@ R:K
  494. 494. %## ? RHN A:O :LA 0NKIENL 0 MABL :FHNGM :G ; NL= MH =IHLBM MA FHGR ?HK HMAK ?BG:GB:E BGOLMFGML ?HK : IKBH= H? HG R:K
  495. 495. 1A KMNKG MAL :IIEB:MBHGL IKHOB= PBEE =IG= HG MA :FHNGM BGOLM= :G= MA BGMKLM K:M :IIEB:;E
  496. 496. 1A LBFNE:MBHG !BKMHK PBEE IKHOB= MAL =M:BEL
  497. 497. 1A :FHNGM BGOLM= PBEE :II:K HG MA ULLMLV LB= H? MA :E:G 0AM :G= PBEE ; :LA= HG MA ?BKLM =:R H? MA ?HEEHPBG@ R:K
  498. 498. ? :LA IKH;EFL :KBL :G= EBJNB=BMR BL G== MA LBFNE:MHK PBEE :GE MA BGOLMFGM :G= MA ;:GD PBEE A:K@ MA HKKLIHG=BG@ :KER PBMA=K:P:E ? ?HK MABL MRI H? HIK:MBHGL
  499. 499. 1ABL HGHFB :G= ?BG:GB:E =:M: PBEE ; IKHOB== BG MA LBFNE:MBHG P; :G= PBEE ; LAHPG BG MA G?HKF:MBHG 8G?HKF:MBHG *GN 9

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