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Korean food, clothing, sports, religion, etc

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  1. 1. Korean Culture <ul><li>Ms. Erin Esford </li></ul><ul><li>Global History & Geography </li></ul>
  2. 2. I. Korean Food <ul><li>Korean food consists of many small dishes usually a variety of vegetables and plenty of rice. </li></ul><ul><li>At times meat will be served that’s usually marinated and is sometimes called Korean BBQ. </li></ul><ul><li>Koreans also enjoy several types of fish. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditionally, Koreans sit on the floor and eat with chopsticks. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Kimchi <ul><li>Fermented dish made of vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>The most common dishes are pickled cabbage, cucumbers, or radishes </li></ul><ul><li>It is also the most common side dish </li></ul><ul><li>Many times kimchi is featured in soups, rice, and stews </li></ul><ul><li>Kimchi is stored and fermented in large jars outside of the home </li></ul>
  4. 4. Common Ingredients <ul><li>Red chili paste, bean paste, and soy bean paste </li></ul><ul><li>Ginger, garlic, salt </li></ul><ul><li>Sesame oil & soy sauce </li></ul><ul><li>short grain rice </li></ul><ul><li>Pepper flakes </li></ul>
  5. 5. Famous Dishes <ul><li>Bibimbap- plenty of vegetables including bean sprouts, spinach, mushrooms, cucumbers, onions, carrots, and one fried egg </li></ul><ul><li>Korean chicken ginseng soup- to cool & rejuvenate the body during summer </li></ul>
  6. 6. Korean Barbeque <ul><li>The sirloin beef is marinated in sesame oil, ginger, soy sauce, pepper, and garlic </li></ul><ul><li>Cook on the BBQ, and then spread red bean paste and rice over a piece of lettuce and ENJOY! </li></ul>
  7. 7. II. Clothing <ul><li>Hanbok - Traditional clothing 57 BC- 667 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Jeogori - top blouse with long sleeves </li></ul><ul><li>Upper class wore vibrant colors to show their status </li></ul>
  8. 8. Traditional Hanbok <ul><li>The Upper class wore lots of red, yellow, blue, black </li></ul><ul><li>These represent- fire, earth, water, metal, and wood </li></ul><ul><li>Commoners wore white except for festivals and special occasions </li></ul>
  9. 9. Male Hanbok
  10. 10. Modern Clothing <ul><li>Many Koreans dress up for work or school </li></ul><ul><li>Many Korean schools require uniforms to help students focus on academics and not fashion </li></ul><ul><li>More and more American fashions are making their way to Korea. On the weekends, Koreans wear jeans, tee-shirts, and the latest fashions. </li></ul>
  11. 11. III. Beliefs & Values <ul><li>Korea is very religiously diverse </li></ul><ul><li>23% of Koreans are Buddhist </li></ul><ul><li>29% are Christian </li></ul><ul><li>Many Koreans do not officially have a religion however, they have many morals mostly originating from Confucianism </li></ul>
  12. 12. Buddhist Temples <ul><li>Buddhism culturally diffused from China in 527 BC and was adopted by the Shilla kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Several temples are built throughout Korea and differ based on the sect of Buddhism practiced. </li></ul><ul><li>Some temples display prayer flags to remind people why they made a journey to the temple. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Buddhist Bell <ul><li>The bell’s function is to drive away evil spirits </li></ul><ul><li>The sound the bell makes is the Buddha teaching dharma or the duties of every Buddhist </li></ul><ul><li>The bell symbolizes the attainment of wisdom and the understanding of emptiness </li></ul>
  14. 14. Buddhism & the Dharma Wheel <ul><li>The major beliefs in Buddhism are the Four Noble Truths and the Eight fold Path </li></ul><ul><li>The wheel or dharma wheel represents the path of Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>The eight spokes represent the right behaviors or Eight fold Path to reach nirvana </li></ul>
  15. 15. Buddhism <ul><li>Buddhism is a major religion or philosophy in Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Several temples are dedicated to Buddha and serve as a place to worship, pray, and meditate </li></ul>
  16. 16. Christianity <ul><li>About 18% of Koreans are Protestant consisting mostly of Presbyterian and Methodist, introduced in 1784 </li></ul><ul><li>About 11% of Koreans are Roman Catholic which historical was introduced by the French in 1784 </li></ul><ul><li>Korea is the second largest Christian community in all of Asia </li></ul>
  17. 17. Confucianism <ul><li>Confucianism serves as more of a philosophy or way of life rather than a religion in Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism was most influential during the Choson Dynasty and continues to impact Korea today </li></ul><ul><li>People are taught to respect their elders called filial piety and education is extremely important </li></ul><ul><li>People are taught that everyone has responsibilities based on their age and/or gender, all people should be good citizens, and overall people should do the right thing </li></ul>
  18. 18. Confucian Exams <ul><li>In ancient times, men of all ages competed for government jobs by taking exams. </li></ul><ul><li>These civil service exams were based on the life of Confucius, his teachings, and modeled after the Chinese exams. </li></ul><ul><li>Men studied for years to take and pass these exams in order to obtain the honor to work for the government. </li></ul><ul><li>The exams were given three times a year and your teacher gained great honor if his pupil passed the exam. </li></ul><ul><li>Even today, Korea honors their yangban or government officials from the past and have placed them on their currency. </li></ul>
  19. 19. V. Korean Entertainment- Baseball <ul><li>Going to the ball park in Korea is an exciting experience </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone cheers for their team and beats their thunder sticks when a great play happens </li></ul><ul><li>Buy some squid, sushi, or KFC and it will be a true Korean Baseball game </li></ul>
  20. 20. Korean Baseball Organization was founded in 1981 <ul><li>Fans cheer for favorite teams such as the Lotte Giants, Samsung Lions, LG Twins, Doosan Bears, Kia Tigers </li></ul><ul><li>The most famous player is Lee Da- Ho. He made a world record by hitting a home run in nine consecutive games. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Shopping <ul><li>Many Koreans love to shop at outdoor markets including Dongdaemun & Insadong Market </li></ul><ul><li>They have everything from shoes to shirts to toys and food. </li></ul>
  22. 22. V. Education <ul><li>Koreans believe that education is the key to success. </li></ul><ul><li>A great education means you will earn yourself a wonderful and rewarding job in which you can provide for your family and be an intricate part of the Korean economic boom. </li></ul><ul><li>Education is stressed in the home and many believe that Confucianism is the driving force behind this success driven society. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Levels of Education <ul><li>Primary school- 6 years </li></ul><ul><li>Middle school- 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>High school- 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>General High School, vocational high school, science high school, or specialized high school </li></ul><ul><li>You must be accepted into a particular high school, therefore your grades are key </li></ul>
  24. 24. Education is EXTREMELY Important <ul><li>Many Korean families push their children to achieve and want them to attend college and earn a degree </li></ul><ul><li>Course grades in the five topics including health, expression, language, exploration, society affect your college opportunities. </li></ul>
  25. 25. VI. Occupations <ul><li>As with any country, Korea has several occupations to choose from </li></ul><ul><li>Many people choose to work for one of the three major companies; Hyundai, LG, or Samsung </li></ul><ul><li>Others become teachers and gain enormous respect </li></ul><ul><li>All boys must serve in the military for two years and some men make this a career </li></ul>
  26. 26. Industries Rule South Korea <ul><li>Samsung produces cell phones, TV’s, flash drives, and computers </li></ul><ul><li>LG produces several TV’s and cell phones </li></ul><ul><li>These industries offer excellent benefits including competitive salaries and college scholarships </li></ul>
  27. 27. Hyundai Heavy Industries <ul><li>Hyundai Industries was founded in 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Today they manufacture cars, large ships, and heavy machinery </li></ul><ul><li>In 2000 they merged with Kia Motors </li></ul><ul><li>They sell cars all over the world </li></ul><ul><li>Their employers are paid well and enjoy several benefits </li></ul><ul><li>As a conglomerate, Hyundai also owns gas stations, middle and high schools, and even colleges and hotels in cities they have manufacturing facilities </li></ul>