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  1. 1. Information Literacy For Success in School and Life By Elaine Settergren, Online Librarian May 2009 An Introduction to Information
  2. 2. Today’s Lessons • What is Information Literacy? • Seeking information – Information Cycles – Types of information – Globe Education Network [GEN] Library • Using Information – Evaluating information – Citation and Academic Honesty
  3. 3. What is Information Literacy? • Information literacy is a set of abilities enabling individuals to recognize when information is needed and to locate, evaluate, and use the needed information effectively. • Basically, Information Literacy is to know how to think critically about information: why, when, and how to use information
  4. 4. Information Literate? • But it doesn’t happen overnight, your research projects and other critical thinking assignments will help you develop and polish these skills.
  5. 5. Why Should I Care? Information Literacy in the “real world” is • self-directed lifelong learning • excellent critical thinking and reasoning skills • the ability to research faster and more effectively Here’s an example: Say you’ve been diagnosed with a rare disease. Your information literacy skills can help you learn more about it: causes, cures, side-effects of medicines, etc.
  6. 6. Seeking Information • Where are you most likely to find the info you need? • Types of sources include (but are not limited to): They all have their unique strengths and uses
  7. 7. Seeking Information: Info Cycles Timeline For more info and explanations see Based on
  8. 8. Types of Information • Different types of sources are good for different uses Scholarly • hard facts, scientific evidence, and research findings • “scholarly communication” – for scholars by scholars about research • rigid with citation – all sources must be properly cited Trade • Industry news and practical advice • written for professionals/ workers by professionals • purpose: to keep professionals informed • mention research, but often don’t cite Popular • personal or human side of an issue • popular culture and trends • written for general public by editors/ journalists • purpose: entertain or inform • rarely cite anything. No bibliographies.
  9. 9. The GEN Library • Use the library website to access all the library research and help tools – there is also a link from your Blackboard course. • Login to the library databases/ebooks with the same username and password that you use for your email • Username: firstname.lastname • Password: last 4 digits of your Social Security #
  10. 10. The GEN Library Library Tools and Resources: • Databases –> for finding articles and more • Books and Ebooks • Recommended Websites • Help includes: • Research guides/tutorials • Librarian contact info -> ask us questions!
  11. 11. GEN Library: Databases The Basics: • Databases contain articles from e-journals and many other types of info (i.e. e-books and parts of e-books, images, podcasts, reports, etc.). • When you need an article, search in a database. • Many databases will help you cite your source. • The library pays for the information in the databases so you don’t have to
  12. 12. What’s the Difference? Databases  Information is from professionals or experts in the field  Contain published works where facts are checked  Easy to cite in a bibliography and may create the citation for you  Can help you narrow your topic or suggest related subjects.  Are updated frequently and include the date of publication. Websites  Can be written by anyone regardless of expertise  Content is often not checked by an expert  Often don’t provide the information necessary to create a complete citation  Often aren’t organized to support student research needs  May not indicate when a page is updated. This chart is from:
  13. 13. GEN Library: Databases – continued • Good Databases to Start with: • EBSCO MegaFile, • Gale (search all cross-searchable), • ProQuest • Also available: • 360 Search • E-Journal portal • Both of these are good for finding stuff when you have a citation or aren’t sure what database to look in
  14. 14. Database: EBSCO MegaFile
  15. 15. Database: Gale Click “continue” to search many of the databases at once!
  16. 16. Database: Gale - continued
  17. 17. Database: ProQuest
  18. 18. GEN Library: Books and Ebooks • Search the GU/MSB Catalog for books at the GU/MSB campuses and for ebooks (for all GEN) • Ebooks: NetLibrary is one of our e-book providers and is searchable through the catalog • For Business and Information Technology ebooks search Books 24x7 • More ebooks and portions of ebooks are found in the databases
  19. 19. GEN Library: The GU/MSB Catalog for E-Books These ebooks are for all GEN members.
  20. 20. GEN Library: Books • If you’re not an online-only student, you can check out books at the campus libraries with your student ID. You can also borrow books from other school’s libraries (it’s called ILL). Find out more: library/library-policies/ • If you are an online-only student, you can ILL from campus libraries and your local public library. If you have questions, let me (Elaine Settergren – know.
  21. 21. Using Information • Once you’ve found information, the next step is to use it ethically. • Not all information is created equally • All information you use in school, you need to cite
  22. 22. Evaluating Information • Evaluate your sources so you’re sure your source is credible. • Good sources = better papers and research projects =  you!
  23. 23. Evaluating Information Evaluate your sources by asking yourself some key questions about the information: • Who? – author, publisher, sponsoring organization, company, etc. • Why? – selling something, inform, entertain, joke? • Can you trust it? – is it objective, biased, opinion? – do they cite sources? Is research explained and cited? Is it old and outdated? • How does it compare? – how does the information from this source compare to other sources on the same topic?
  24. 24. Citation and Academic Honesty • You cannot pass off someone else’s ideas as your own because it’s unethical. • You must give credit and citing is a way to do just that. • Classes will require APA citation style. • ary/research-guides/citation/apa/
  25. 25. Help!?! No Problem! Questions? Ask Your Librarian! Ask by IM, email, phone, or in person. We’re here to help. Find us on the library website:
  26. 26. More About Information and Research • Composition class – You’ll learn more about searching and the GEN Library during composition class • Library Website –> tutorials – Check the library website for additional information about researching and using library tools –