Hello everyone. Happy National Library Week! Welcome to What is APA Style?My name is Alyssa Novak and I’m the Associate Online Librarian.You can see my email address up here on the screen, so you can get in touch with me later on. But if you don’t remember that – I know it’s not clickable – then you can always find a link to contact me at the Online Library. Any questions or comments that you have throughout the course of the webinar, please type them into the chat box on the left-hand side.
The first thing I want to ask you is, why do we use citations? (chat box)Those are all really good reasons – repeat back chat box answersThat’s what a lot of people say, and that’s absolutely true. And I have those reasons kind of written in my own words up here on the slide for you. [use star pointer thingy]
The first reason is because you want to show off your sources – you’ve chosen really good, scholarly sources, and you want to show off what you’ve learned to whoever’s reading your paper…and they’ll say, “oh look! So and so is quoting Einstein! That’s wonderful!” Another reason, like some of you were saying, is to avoid plagiarism. You want to identify which ideas are your ideas. And lastly to confirm where the information came from – to lead your reader to what you’ve read. So if someone is reading your paper and wants to learn more about that topic, they can use your citations to look for more information.
Let’s talk about what APA is. APA citation is both a way to format your paper and cite your sources.
And formatting is things like using double spacing, where to put the page numbers, and things like that. That’s all really straight-forward, and we have videos and templates on the library’s APA citation guide that will show you how to set up your formatting.
Then there’s the APA citation, which has two different parts. There’s one part which is the in-text citation, which is a little bit of information in the body of your paper every time you quote or paraphrase. And that ties to the rest of the citation, which is the references citation, which has the full and complete citation with all the publication information at the end of your paper.Let me show you what these look like.
The in-text citation is within your paper, like I said anytime you paraphrase, summarize, or quote someone. This one is a paraphrase, and I can tell because there’s no quotation marks, and there’s an in-text citation. So if you were reading this paper and you wanted to learn more about this, you could use that in-text citation to flip to the back of the paper and find the full-information in the references list.
The references will be listed alphabetically by author’s last name, and that will help you find the matching reference citation for the in-text citation you were looking at. Then you can use this information to look up that original source, and find the information that the person was paraphrasing. So that’s kind of how in-text and reference citations work together.
We’ve got the author’s last name first, comma, then first initial, middle initial. You never spell out first names or last names, just use initials. Then we have the publication date in parentheses, with the year first. If you have the month and the day, include that info., and the month is always spelled out. Then you’ll have the the title of the article, and then the name of the larger publication in italics. Next you’ll have the volume and issue number, the page that it’s on, and where it came from, aka the retrieval information.
That brings us to a discussion of when should you cite. You need to cite whenever credit is due to someone else. That credit needs to be addressed whenever it’s someone’s words or someone’s ideas. So whenever you use quotes, paraphrase, use someone’s idea, make a reference to someone’s work, or even if someone’s work has been critical in the development of your own ideas, those are all times that you need to cite. You need to cite words and ideas, and don’t forget that you need in-text and reference citations.You don’t need to cite things that are your own ideas, and you don’t need to cite things when they are common knowledge.Common knowledge is something that is a fact, that will be the same, and non-controversial in every single encyclopedia that you look it up in. It would be something like, who was the 12th president of the United States. Does anyone know who the 12th president of the United States was off the top of your head? [Zachary Taylor] So even though you don’t know it off the top of your head and need to go look it up, it’s still considered common knowledge, because every encyclopedia or authoritative source you look at will give you the same answer.
When citing sources, as many of you know, there are a lot of details, so I always recommend getting help every time you create citations.Fortunately, there’s lots of places to get help. You can ask your instructor or your librarian, or you can use software – which these first three bullet points are about.You can use cite buttons in the library databases or the library catalog. Or you can use other citation management software like Zotero. Any time you do use software, it is helpful to check those against something else, just because the computers are using an algorithm and they can’t really interpret things or think about things the same way that you can. Another source would be something like your pocket APA guide, the APA Publication Manual, or a website like the library’s APA Citation Guide. I really like the library’s APA citation guide, and that’s not just because I’m a librarian, but also it’s because we have a lot of great information there. We’ve got examples, sample papers, how to format your paper (and in the how to format your paper section we actually have some templates and videos that will show you step-by-step how to format your paper), and we also have more tools and website for citing. So even if you don’t see the exact example you’re looking for here on our guide, it will link you to other guides that have more examples. Does anyone have any questions about where you can get help?
* Click here to watch the recording Alyssa Novak email@example.com http://globeeducationnetwork.com/library
*1. Because you’re striving for exceptional work (A in school; raise at work), you’ve evaluated sources to choose appropriate/ trustworthy sources then show off those sources by citing them2. Identify your ideas and avoid plagiarism3. Lead your reader to what you’ve read
All References Citations should include:*Author name *Date of Publication *Title of the work *Publication InfoLeNoue, M., Hall, T., & Eighmy, M. A. (2011). Adult Education and the Social Media Revolution. Adult Learning, 22(2), 4-12. Retrieved from http://www.aaace.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article &catid=20:aaace-content&id=37:adult-learning-quarterly*
A. Applegate, Jane. 201 Great Ideas for Your Small Business. Hoboken: Bloomberg Press, 2011. http://msbcollege.eblib.com.proxy.msbcollege.edu/patron/Fu llRecord.aspx?p=706898 (accessed April 05, 2012)B. Applegate, J. (2011). 201 Great Ideas for Your Small Business. Bloomberg Press. Retrieved April 05, 2012, from Ebook Library.C. Applegate, Jane. 201 Great Ideas for Your Small Business. Hoboken: Bloomberg Press, 2011. Ebook Library. Web. 05 Apr. 2012. *
*Whenever: *you use quotes *you paraphrase *you use an idea that someone else has already expressed *you make specific reference to the work of another *someone else’s work has been critical in developing your own ideasDon’t Cite: *when it’s common knowledge *when it’s your own idea Don’t forget you need In-Text AND References!
*Use the “cite” buttons in the databases or catalogZotero (or other citation management software)GEN Library APA Citation Guide:http://www.globeeducationnetwork.com/library/research- guides/citation/apa/ *Examples! Ask your *Sample papers! instructor *How to format! or librarian! *More tools/websites for citing!
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Contact the Associate Online Librarian:Alyssa Novakanovak@globeuniversity.eduhttp://www.globeeducationnetwork.com/library/ *Questions?